1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Agricultural Biodiversity

    710 Pages 104 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    710 Pages 104 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The world relies on very few crop and animal species for agriculture and to supply its food needs. In recent decades, there has been increased appreciation of the risk this implies for food security and quality, especially in times of environmental change. As a result, agricultural biodiversity has moved to the top of research and policy agendas. 

    This Handbook presents a comprehensive overview of our current knowledge of agricultural biodiversity in a series of specially commissioned chapters. It draws on multiple disciplines including plant and animal genetics, ecology, crop and animal science, food studies and nutrition, as well as social science subjects which explore the socio-economic, cultural, institutional, legal and policy aspects of agricultural biodiversity. It focuses not only on the core requirements to deliver a sustainable agriculture and food supply, but also highlights the additional ecosystem services provided by a diverse and resilient agricultural landscape and farming practices. The book provides an indispensable reference textbook for a wide range of courses in agriculture, ecology, biodiversity conservation and environmental studies.


    Danny Hunter, Luigi Guarino, Charles Spillane and Peter C. McKeown

    Part 1 Biological Resources for Agricultural Biodiversity

    1. Plant genetic resources
    2. Robert Henry

    3. Animal domestication, genetic diversity and genomic analysis
    4. David A. Magee, David E. MacHugh & Ceiridwen J. Edwards

    5. Forest and tree genetic resources
    6. David Boshier, Judy Loo & Ian Dawson

    7. Wild plant and animal genetic resources
    8. Verina Ingram, Barbara Vinceti & Nathalie van Vliet

    9. Aquatic genetic resources
    10. Devin Bartley & Matthias Halwart

    11. Pests, predators and parasitoids
    12. Geoff Gurr, David J. Perović & Kris Le Mottee

    13. Pollinators
    14. Barbara Gemmill-Herren

    15. Soil biodiversity and bacterial and mycorrhizal resources
    16. Fenton Beed, Thomas Dubois, Danny Coyne, Didier Lesueur & Srini Ramasamy

      Part 2 The Origins & History of Agricultural Biodiversity

    17. Genetic aspects of crop domestication
    18. Paul Gepts

    19. Evolution and domestication of clonal crops
    20. Peter J. Matthews

    21. Agricultural biodiversity and the Columbian exchange
    22. David E. Williams

    23. The Green Revolution and crop biodiversity
    24. Prabhu L. Pingali

    25. Agroecology: using functional biodiversity to design productive and resilient polycultural systems
    26. Miguel A. Altieri, Clara I. Nicholls & Marcos A. Lana

    27. The role of trees in agroecology
    28. Roger R. B. Leakey

      Part 3 The Value of Agricultural Biodiversity

    29. The quality of the agricultural matrix and long term conservation of biodiversity
    30. Ivette Perfecto & John Vandemeer

    31. Agricultural biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services
    32. Fabrice deClerk

    33. Leveraging agricultural biodiversity for crop improvement
    34. Rodomiro Ortiz

    35. Neglected no more: leveraging under-utilized crops to address global challenges
    36. Gennifer Meldrum & Stefano Padulosi

    37. Agricultural biodiversity, resilience, adaptation and climate change
    38. Brenda B. Lin

    39. An argument for integrating wild and agricultural biodiversity conservation
    40. Simon J. Attwood, Sarah E. Park, Paul Marshall, John H. Fanshawe & Hannes Gaisberger

      Part 4 Agricultural Biodiversity: Human Health and Wellbeing

    41. Harvesting common ground: maximizing the co-benefits of agrobiodiversity and human health
    42. Cristina Romanelli & Cristina Tirado

    43. Edible insect diversity for food and nutrition
    44. Wendy Lu McGill, Komi K. M. Fiabue, Sunday Ekesi & Sevgan Subramanian

    45. Cultural heritage and agrobiodiversity
    46. Juliana Ferraz Da Rocha Santilli

    47. Holding on to agrobiodiversity: human nutrition and health of Indigenous Peoples
    48. Harriet V. Kuhnlein

    49. Agricultural biodiversity for healthy diets and food systems
    50. Jessica E. Raneri & Gina Kennedy

      Part 5 The Drivers of Agricultural Biodiversity

    51. Law, policy and agricultural biodiversity
    52. †Juliana Ferraz Da Rocha Santilli

    53. Using access and benefit sharing policies to support climate change adaptation
    54. Ana Bedmar Villanueva, Isabel López Noriega, Michael Halewood, Gloria Otieno & Ronnie Vernooy

    55. ‘Stewardship’ or ‘ownership’: how to realise Farmers’ Rights?
    56. Regine Andersen

    57. Land-use retention and change to improve agricultural biodiversity
    58. Craig Pearson

    59. Markets, consumer demand and agricultural biodiversity
    60. Matthias Jaeger, Alessandra Giuliani & Irene van Loosen

    61. Community biodiversity management
    62. Walter de Boef & Abishkar Subedi

    63. The role and importance of agricultural biodiversity in urban agriculture
    64. Gudrun B. Keding, Celine Termote & Katja Kehlenbeck

    65. Gender and agricultural biodiversity
    66. Janice Jiggins

    67. Seed systems: managing, using and creating crop genetic resources
    68. Niels P. Louwaars

      Part 6 Safeguarding Agricultural Biodiversity

    69. Uncovering the role of custodian farmers in the on-farm conservation of agricultural biodiversity
    70. Bhuwon Sthapit, V. Ramanatha Rao, Hugo Lamers and Sajal Sthapit

    71. Agricultural biodiversity conservation and management – the role of ex situ approaches
    72. Ehsan Dulloo, Jean Hanson & Bhuwon Sthapit

    73. Seeds to keep and seeds to share: the multiple roles of community seed banks
    74. Ronnie Vernooy, Pitambar Shrestha & Bhuwon Sthapit

    75. 'Because it is ours': farmers’  knowledge, innovation and identity in the making of  agricultural biodiversity
    76. Dan Taylor

    77. Landscapes of loss and remembrance in agrobiodiversity conservation
    78. Virginia D. Nazarea

    79. From participatory plant breeding to local innovation networks in Cuba
    80. Humberto Ríos Labrada and Juan Ceballos-Müller

    81. Strengthening institutions and organizations, and building capacity for the conservation and use of agricultural biodiversity
    82. Johannes Engels & Per Rudebjer

    83. Information, knowledge and agricultural biodiversity
    84. Dag Endresen

    85. Biodiversity is given life by small-scale food providers: defending agricultural biodiversity and ecological food provision in the framework of food sovereignty

              Patrick Mulvany


    Danny Hunter is a Senior Scientist in the Healthy Diets from Sustainable Food Systems Initiative at Bioversity International, Rome, Italy, and is a member of the Healthy Food Systems node, Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Australia.

    Luigi Guarino is currently the Director of Science at the Global Crop Diversity Trust. He has been a consultant to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and worked for the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (now Bioversity International), and for the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (now the Pacific Community) in the Middle East, Africa, the Caribbean, Latin America and the South Pacific.

    Charles Spillane is the Established Professor (Chair) of Plant Science, and Head of the Plant and AgriBiosciences Research Centre (PABC) at the National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland. Professor Spillane’s Genetics and Biotechnology Lab works on both fundamental and applied research on plant and agricultural biosciences.

    Peter C. McKeown is a Lecturer in the School of Natural Sciences, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland, and Coordinator of the Masters in Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (MSc.CCAFS).