The Routledge Handbook of Arctic Security offers a comprehensive examination of security in the region, encompassing both state-based and militarized notions of security, as well as broader security perspectives reflecting debates about changes in climate, environment, economies, and societies.
Since the turn of the century, the Arctic has increasingly been in the global spotlight, resulting in the often invoked idea of “Arctic exceptionalism” being questioned. At the same time, the unconventional political power which the Arctic’s Indigenous peoples hold calls into question conventional ideas about geopolitics and security. This handbook examines security in this region, revealing contestations and complementarities between narrower, state-based and/or militarized notions of security and broader security perspectives reflecting concerns and debates about changes in climate, environment, economies, and societies.
The volume is split into five thematic parts:
• Theorizing Arctic Security
• The Arctic Powers
• Security in the Arctic through Governance
• Non-Arctic States, Regional and International Organizations
• People, States, and Security.
This book will be of great interest to students of Arctic politics, global governance, geography, security studies, and International Relations.
Table of Contents
1 Understanding Arctic security: what has changed? What hasn’t?
Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Marc Lanteigne, and Horatio Sam-Aggrey
2 The Arctic peace projection: from Cold War fronts to cooperative fora
Alan K. Henrikson
PART I: Theorizing Arctic security
3 Applying conventional theoretical approaches to the Arctic
4 Assessing security governance in the Arctic
Andrew Chater, Wilfrid Greaves, and Leah Sarson
5 Arctic security in international security
Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen
6 Security as an analytical tool: human and comprehensive security approaches to understanding the Arctic
Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv
7 Indigenous security theory: intersectional analysis from the bottom up
Rauna Kuokkanen and Victoria Sweet
8 Energy security in the Arctic
Magnus DeWitt, Hlynur Stefánsson, and Ágúst Valfells
9 Environmental security in the Arctic: shades of grey?
Horatio Sam-Aggrey and Marc Lanteigne
10 Economic security: employment policy needs for rural and remote communities
Gordon B. Cooke and Bui K. Petersen
PART II: The Arctic powers: The Arctic powers: “Arctic Five” and “Arctic Eight”
11 Arctic security perspectives from Russia
12 Arctic security: the Canadian context
Heather Exner-Pirot and Rob Huebert
13 US security policy in the American Arctic
Michael T. Corgan
14 Security perspectives from Norway
15 Denmark and Greenland’s changing sovereignty and security challenges in the Arctic
16 Small state, big impact?: Iceland’s first National Security Policy
Page Wilson and Auður H. Ingólfsdóttir
17 Security perspectives from Finland: an Arctic case
18 Security perspectives from Sweden
PART III Security in the Arctic through governance
19 The Arctic Council: soft actions, hard effects?
Piotr Graczyk and Svein Vigeland Rottem
20 Science diplomacy and the Arctic
Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen
21 Geopolitics and international law in the Arctic
Bjarni Már Magnússon and Charles H. Norchi
22 Geopolitics, security, and governance
23 Security issues in the Svalbard area
24 Arctic coast guards: why cooperate?
25 Legal reform, governance, and security in the Russian Arctic
Aytalina Ivanova and Gail Fondahl
PART IV: Non-Arctic states, regional, and international organizations
26 Considering the Arctic as a security region: the roles of China and Russia
27 Japan and Arctic security
28 Security aspects in EU Arctic policy
29 NATO, the OSCE, and the Arctic region: European security organizations and the High North
Benjamin Schaller and Horatio Sam-Aggrey
PART V: People, states, and security
30 Indigenous peoples
31 Human security, extractive industries, and Indigenous communities in the Russian North
Florian Stammler, Kara K. Hodgson, and Aytalina Ivanova
32 The role of indigenous local knowledge (ILK) in enhancing Indigenous security in the Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories, Canada
33 Gender and intersectional approaches to security in the Arctic
Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Embla Eir Oddsdóttir, and Fern Wickson
34 Food security across the circumpolar region
Kamrul Hossain, Thora M. Herrmann, and Dele Raheem
35 The widening spectrum of Arctic security thinking
Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv and Marc Lanteigne
Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv is Professor at the Centre for Peace Studies at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway.
Marc Lanteigne is an Associate Professor of Political Science at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway.
Horatio Sam-Aggrey has been interning at the Centre for Peace Studies, as well as the Centre for Sámi Studies, at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway. He is additionally a Project Assessment Analyst with the Government of Northwest Territories, Canada.