The Routledge Handbook of Arctic Security offers a comprehensive examination of security in the region, encompassing both state-based and militarized notions of security, as well as broader security perspectives reflecting debates about changes in climate, environment, economies, and societies.
Since the turn of the century, the Arctic has increasingly been in the global spotlight, resulting in the often invoked idea of “Arctic exceptionalism” being questioned. At the same time, the unconventional political power which the Arctic’s Indigenous peoples hold calls into question conventional ideas about geopolitics and security. This handbook examines security in this region, revealing contestations and complementarities between narrower, state-based and/or militarized notions of security and broader security perspectives reflecting concerns and debates about changes in climate, environment, economies, and societies.
The volume is split into five thematic parts:
• Theorizing Arctic Security
• The Arctic Powers
• Security in the Arctic through Governance
• Non-Arctic States, Regional and International Organizations
• People, States, and Security.
This book will be of great interest to students of Arctic politics, global governance, geography, security studies, and International Relations.
Table of Contents
1. Understanding Arctic Security: What Has Changed? What Hasn’t? Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Marc Lanteigne and Horatio Sam-Aggrey 2. The Arctic Peace Projection: From Cold War Fronts to Cooperative Fora Alan Henrikson Section I: Theorising Arctic Security 3. Applying Conventional Theoretical Approaches to the Arctic Barbora Padrtova 4. Assessing Security Governance in the Arctic Andrew Chater, Wilfrid Greaves and Leah Sarson 5. Arctic Security in International Security Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen 6. Security as an Analytical Tool: Human and Comprehensive Security Approaches to Understanding the Arctic Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv 7. Indigenous Security Theory: Intersectional Analysis from the Bottom Up Rauna Kuokkanen and Victoria Sweet 8. Energy Security in the Arctic Magnus DeWitt, Hlynur Stefánsson and Ágúst Valfells 9. Environmental Security in the Arctic: Shades of Grey? Horatio Sam-Aggrey and Marc Lanteigne 10. Economic Security: Employment Policy Needs for Rural and Remote Communities Gordon B. Cooke and Bui K. Petersen Section II: The Arctic Powers: "Arctic Five" and "Arctic Eight" 11. Arctic Security Perspectives from Russia Alexander Sergunin 12. Arctic Security: The Canadian Context Heather Exner-Pirot and Rob Huebert 13. US Security Policy in the American Arctic Michael T. Corgan 14. Security Perspectives from Norway Kristian Åtland 15. Denmark and Greenland’s Changing Sovereignty and Security Challenges in the Arctic Jon-Rahbek Clemmensen 16. Small State, Big Impact? Iceland’s First National Security Policy Page Wilson and Auður H. Ingólfsdóttir 17. Security Perspectives from Finland: An Arctic Case Lassi Heininen 18. Security Perspectives from Sweden Niklas Eklund Section III: Security in the Arctic through Governance 19. The Arctic Council: Soft Actions, Hard Effects? Svein Vigeland Rottem and Piotr Graczyk 20. Science Diplomacy and the Arctic Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen 21. Geopolitics and International Law in the Arctic Bjarni Már Magnússon and Charles H. Norchi 22. Geopolitics, Security and Governance Klaus Dodds 23. Security Issues in the Svalbard Area Tobjørn Pedersen 24. Arctic Coast Guards: Why Cooperate? Andreas Østhagen 25. Legal Reform, Governance and Security in the Russian Arctic Aytalina Ivanova and Gail Fondahl Section IV: Non-Arctic States, Regional and International Organisations 26. Concerning the Arctic as a Security Region: The Roles of China and Russia Marc Lanteigne 27. Japan and Arctic Security Wrenn Yennie-Lindgren 28. Security Aspects in EU Arctic Policy Adele Airoldi 29. NATO, the OSCE and the Arctic Region: European Security Organizations and the High North Benjamin Schaller and Horatio Sam-Aggrey Section V: People, States and Security 30. Indigenous Peoples Wilfrid Greaves 31. Human Security, Extractive Industries and Indigenous Communities in the Russian North Florian Stammler, Kara K. Hodgson and Aytalina Ivanova 32. The Role of Indigenous Local Knowledge (ILK) in Enhancing Indigenous Security in the Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories, Canada Horatio Sam-Aggrey 33. Gender and Intersectional Approaches to Security in the Arctic Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Embla Eir Oddsdottír and Fern Wickson 34. Food Security Across the Circumpolar Region Kamrul Hossain, Thora M. Herrmann and Bamidele Raheem 35. The Widening Spectrum of Arctic Security Thinking Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv and Marc Lanteigne
Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv is Professor at the Centre for Peace Studies at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway.
Marc Lanteigne is an Associate Professor of Political Science at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway.
Horatio Sam-Aggrey has been interning at the Centre for Peace Studies, as well as the Centre for Sámi Studies, at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway. He is additionally a Project Assessment Analyst with the Government of Northwest Territories, Canada.