1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Arctic Security

    462 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    462 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Arctic Security offers a comprehensive examination of security in the region, encompassing both state-based and militarized notions of security, as well as broader security perspectives reflecting debates about changes in climate, environment, economies, and societies.

    Since the turn of the century, the Arctic has increasingly been in the global spotlight, resulting in the often invoked idea of “Arctic exceptionalism” being questioned. At the same time, the unconventional political power which the Arctic’s Indigenous peoples hold calls into question conventional ideas about geopolitics and security. This handbook examines security in this region, revealing contestations and complementarities between narrower, state-based and/or militarized notions of security and broader security perspectives reflecting concerns and debates about changes in climate, environment, economies, and societies.

    The volume is split into five thematic parts:

    • Theorizing Arctic Security

    • The Arctic Powers

    • Security in the Arctic through Governance

    • Non-Arctic States, Regional and International Organizations

    • People, States, and Security.

    This book will be of great interest to students of Arctic politics, global governance, geography, security studies, and International Relations.

    1 Understanding Arctic security: what has changed? What hasn’t?

    Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Marc Lanteigne, and Horatio Sam-Aggrey


    2 The Arctic peace projection: from Cold War fronts to cooperative fora

    Alan K. Henrikson


    PART I: Theorizing Arctic security


    3 Applying conventional theoretical approaches to the Arctic

    Barbora Padrtova


    4 Assessing security governance in the Arctic

    Andrew Chater, Wilfrid Greaves, and Leah Sarson


    5 Arctic security in international security

    Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen


    6 Security as an analytical tool: human and comprehensive security approaches to understanding the Arctic

    Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv


    7 Indigenous security theory: intersectional analysis from the bottom up

    Rauna Kuokkanen and Victoria Sweet


    8 Energy security in the Arctic

    Magnus DeWitt, Hlynur Stefánsson, and Ágúst Valfells


    9 Environmental security in the Arctic: shades of grey?

    Horatio Sam-Aggrey and Marc Lanteigne


    10 Economic security: employment policy needs for rural and remote communities

    Gordon B. Cooke and Bui K. Petersen


    PART II: The Arctic powers: The Arctic powers: “Arctic Five” and “Arctic Eight”


    11 Arctic security perspectives from Russia

    Alexander Sergunin


    12 Arctic security: the Canadian context

    Heather Exner-Pirot and Rob Huebert


    13 US security policy in the American Arctic

    Michael T. Corgan


    14 Security perspectives from Norway

    Kristian Åtland


    15 Denmark and Greenland’s changing sovereignty and security challenges in the Arctic

    Jon Rahbek-Clemmensen


    16 Small state, big impact?: Iceland’s first National Security Policy

    Page Wilson and Auður H. Ingólfsdóttir


    17 Security perspectives from Finland: an Arctic case

    Lassi Heininen


    18 Security perspectives from Sweden

    Niklas Eklund

    PART III Security in the Arctic through governance


    19 The Arctic Council: soft actions, hard effects?

    Piotr Graczyk and Svein Vigeland Rottem


    20 Science diplomacy and the Arctic

    Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen


    21 Geopolitics and international law in the Arctic

    Bjarni Már Magnússon and Charles H. Norchi


    22 Geopolitics, security, and governance

    Klaus Dodds


    23 Security issues in the Svalbard area

    Tobjørn Pedersen


    24 Arctic coast guards: why cooperate?

    Andreas Østhagen


    25 Legal reform, governance, and security in the Russian Arctic

    Aytalina Ivanova and Gail Fondahl


    PART IV: Non-Arctic states, regional, and international organizations

    26 Considering the Arctic as a security region: the roles of China and Russia

    Marc Lanteigne


    27 Japan and Arctic security

    Wrenn Yennie-Lindgren


    28 Security aspects in EU Arctic policy

    Adele Airoldi


    29 NATO, the OSCE, and the Arctic region: European security organizations and the High North

    Benjamin Schaller and Horatio Sam-Aggrey


    PART V: People, states, and security

    30 Indigenous peoples

    Wilfrid Greaves


    31 Human security, extractive industries, and Indigenous communities in the Russian North

    Florian Stammler, Kara K. Hodgson, and Aytalina Ivanova


    32 The role of indigenous local knowledge (ILK) in enhancing Indigenous security in the Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories, Canada

    Horatio Sam-Aggrey


    33 Gender and intersectional approaches to security in the Arctic

    Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Embla Eir Oddsdóttir, and Fern Wickson


    34 Food security across the circumpolar region

    Kamrul Hossain, Thora M. Herrmann, and Dele Raheem


    35 The widening spectrum of Arctic security thinking

    Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv and Marc Lanteigne


    Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv is Professor at the Centre for Peace Studies at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway.

    Marc Lanteigne is an Associate Professor of Political Science at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway.

    Horatio Sam-Aggrey has been interning at the Centre for Peace Studies, as well as the Centre for Sámi Studies, at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway. He is additionally a Project Assessment Analyst with the Government of Northwest Territories, Canada.