Routledge Handbook of Arctic Security  book cover
1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Arctic Security

ISBN 9781032400785
Published August 29, 2022 by Routledge
462 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The Routledge Handbook of Arctic Security offers a comprehensive examination of security in the region, encompassing both state-based and militarized notions of security, as well as broader security perspectives reflecting debates about changes in climate, environment, economies, and societies.

Since the turn of the century, the Arctic has increasingly been in the global spotlight, resulting in the often invoked idea of “Arctic exceptionalism” being questioned. At the same time, the unconventional political power which the Arctic’s Indigenous peoples hold calls into question conventional ideas about geopolitics and security. This handbook examines security in this region, revealing contestations and complementarities between narrower, state-based and/or militarized notions of security and broader security perspectives reflecting concerns and debates about changes in climate, environment, economies, and societies.

The volume is split into five thematic parts:

• Theorizing Arctic Security

• The Arctic Powers

• Security in the Arctic through Governance

• Non-Arctic States, Regional and International Organizations

• People, States, and Security.

This book will be of great interest to students of Arctic politics, global governance, geography, security studies, and International Relations.

Table of Contents

1 Understanding Arctic security: what has changed? What hasn’t?

Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Marc Lanteigne, and Horatio Sam-Aggrey


2 The Arctic peace projection: from Cold War fronts to cooperative fora

Alan K. Henrikson


PART I: Theorizing Arctic security


3 Applying conventional theoretical approaches to the Arctic

Barbora Padrtova


4 Assessing security governance in the Arctic

Andrew Chater, Wilfrid Greaves, and Leah Sarson


5 Arctic security in international security

Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen


6 Security as an analytical tool: human and comprehensive security approaches to understanding the Arctic

Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv


7 Indigenous security theory: intersectional analysis from the bottom up

Rauna Kuokkanen and Victoria Sweet


8 Energy security in the Arctic

Magnus DeWitt, Hlynur Stefánsson, and Ágúst Valfells


9 Environmental security in the Arctic: shades of grey?

Horatio Sam-Aggrey and Marc Lanteigne


10 Economic security: employment policy needs for rural and remote communities

Gordon B. Cooke and Bui K. Petersen


PART II: The Arctic powers: The Arctic powers: “Arctic Five” and “Arctic Eight”


11 Arctic security perspectives from Russia

Alexander Sergunin


12 Arctic security: the Canadian context

Heather Exner-Pirot and Rob Huebert


13 US security policy in the American Arctic

Michael T. Corgan


14 Security perspectives from Norway

Kristian Åtland


15 Denmark and Greenland’s changing sovereignty and security challenges in the Arctic

Jon Rahbek-Clemmensen


16 Small state, big impact?: Iceland’s first National Security Policy

Page Wilson and Auður H. Ingólfsdóttir


17 Security perspectives from Finland: an Arctic case

Lassi Heininen


18 Security perspectives from Sweden

Niklas Eklund

PART III Security in the Arctic through governance


19 The Arctic Council: soft actions, hard effects?

Piotr Graczyk and Svein Vigeland Rottem


20 Science diplomacy and the Arctic

Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen


21 Geopolitics and international law in the Arctic

Bjarni Már Magnússon and Charles H. Norchi


22 Geopolitics, security, and governance

Klaus Dodds


23 Security issues in the Svalbard area

Tobjørn Pedersen


24 Arctic coast guards: why cooperate?

Andreas Østhagen


25 Legal reform, governance, and security in the Russian Arctic

Aytalina Ivanova and Gail Fondahl


PART IV: Non-Arctic states, regional, and international organizations

26 Considering the Arctic as a security region: the roles of China and Russia

Marc Lanteigne


27 Japan and Arctic security

Wrenn Yennie-Lindgren


28 Security aspects in EU Arctic policy

Adele Airoldi


29 NATO, the OSCE, and the Arctic region: European security organizations and the High North

Benjamin Schaller and Horatio Sam-Aggrey


PART V: People, states, and security

30 Indigenous peoples

Wilfrid Greaves


31 Human security, extractive industries, and Indigenous communities in the Russian North

Florian Stammler, Kara K. Hodgson, and Aytalina Ivanova


32 The role of indigenous local knowledge (ILK) in enhancing Indigenous security in the Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories, Canada

Horatio Sam-Aggrey


33 Gender and intersectional approaches to security in the Arctic

Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Embla Eir Oddsdóttir, and Fern Wickson


34 Food security across the circumpolar region

Kamrul Hossain, Thora M. Herrmann, and Dele Raheem


35 The widening spectrum of Arctic security thinking

Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv and Marc Lanteigne

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Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv is Professor at the Centre for Peace Studies at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway.

Marc Lanteigne is an Associate Professor of Political Science at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway.

Horatio Sam-Aggrey has been interning at the Centre for Peace Studies, as well as the Centre for Sámi Studies, at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway. He is additionally a Project Assessment Analyst with the Government of Northwest Territories, Canada.