Home to close to 60 per cent of the world’s population, Asia is the largest and by far the most populous continent. It is also extremely diverse, physically and culturally. Asian countries and regions have their own distinctive histories, cultural traditions, religious beliefs and political systems, and they have often pursued different routes to development. Asian populations also present a striking array of demographic characteristics and stages of demographic transition.
This handbook is the first to provide a comprehensive study of population change across the whole of Asia. Comprising 28 chapters by more than 40 international experts this handbook examines demographic transitions on the continent, their considerable variations, their causes and consequences, and their relationships with a wide range of social, economic, political and cultural processes. Major topics covered include: population studies and sources of demographic data; historical demography; family planning and fertility decline; sex preferences; mortality changes; causes of death; HIV/AIDS; population distribution and migration; urbanization; marriage and family; human capital and labour force; population ageing; demographic dividends; political demography; population and environment; and Asia’s demographic future.
This handbook provides an authoritative and comprehensive reference for researchers, policymakers, academics, students and anyone who is interested in population change in Asia and the world.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction - Zhongwei Zhao and Adrian C. Hayes
Chapter 2: Asia’s major demographic data sources - Daniel Goodkind
Chapter 3: The development of population research institutions in Asia - Peter McDonald
Chapter 4: Asian historical demography - Cameron Campbell and Satomi Kurosu
Chapter 5: Fertility decline - Stuart Gietel-Basten
Chapter 6: Family planning policies and programmes - Adrian C. Hayes
Chapter 7: Family planning, contraceptive use and abortion - Yan Che and Baochang Gu
Chapter 8: Reproductive health and maternal mortality - Terence H. Hull and Meimanat Hosseini-Chavoshi
Chapter 9: Son preference, sex ratios and ‘missing girls’ in Asia - Monica Das Gupta, Doo-Sub Kim, Shuzhuo Li and Rohini Prabha Pande
Chapter 10: Child mortality - Danzhen You, Lucia Hug and Kenneth Hill
Chapter 11: Changes in old-age mortality since 1950 - Danan Gu, Patrick Gerland, Kirill Andreev, Nan Li, Thomas Spoorenberg, Gerhard Heilig and Francois Pelletier
Chapter 12: Age patterns and sex differentials in mortality - Yan Yu and Zhongwei Zhao
Chapter 13: Trends in causes of death and burden of diseases - Colin D. Mathers
Chapter 14: HIV/AIDS in Asia - Binod Nepal
Chapter 15: Population distribution - Christophe Z. Guilmoto and Sébastien Oliveau
Chapter 16: The urbanization of low- and middle-income Asia - Mark R. Montgomery and Deborah Balk
Chapter 17: Asia’s international migration - Graeme Hugo
Chapter 18: Forced and refugee migration in Asia - Mohammad Jalal Abbasi-Shavazi and Ellen Percy Kraly
Chapter 19: Changing marriage patterns in Asia - Gavin W. Jones
Chapter 20: Family and household composition in Asia - Albert Esteve and Chia Liu
Chapter 21: Asia’s demographic transition: variations and major determinants - Minja Kim Choe
Chapter 22: Human capital formation in Asia 1970–2010 - Samir KC and Wolfgang Lutz
Chapter 23: The process of population ageing and its challenges - Heather Booth
Chapter 24: Demographic dividends - Tomoko Kinugasa
Chapter 25: Population and environment in Asia - Adrian C. Hayes
Chapter 26: Population, the state and security in Asia - Geoffrey McNicoll
Chapter 27: The demographic future of Asia - Wolfgang Lutz and Samir KC
Chapter 28: Conclusion - Zhongwei Zhao and Adrian C. Hayes
Zhongwei Zhao is a graduate of Peking University and the University of Cambridge. He now works at the Australian National University (ANU). His research interests are broad and he has published widely on historical demography, computer microsimulation, family and kinship, mortality, fertility, famine and environmental impacts on population health.
Adrian C. Hayes was educated in the UK and the US and has combined an active academic career with extensive development experience in Asia. He has taught at major universities in the United States, Canada, China and Nepal, and has worked with the United Nations, the World Bank and other bilateral and international agencies. He is currently based at the ANU.