1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Chinese Medicine

Edited By Vivienne Lo, Michael Stanley-Baker Copyright 2022
    796 Pages 95 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Medicine is an extensive, interdisciplinary guide to the nature of traditional medicine and healing in the Chinese cultural region, and its plural epistemologies. Established experts and the next generation of scholars interpret the ways in which Chinese medicine has been understood and portrayed from the beginning of the empire (third century BCE) to the globalisation of Chinese products and practices in the present day, taking in subjects from ancient medical writings to therapeutic movement, to talismans for healing and traditional medicines that have inspired global solutions to contemporary epidemics. The volume is divided into seven parts:

    • Longue Durée and Formation of Institutions and Traditions
    • Sickness and Healing
    • Food and Sex
    • Spiritual and Orthodox Religious Practices
    • The World of Sinographic Medicine
    • Wider Diasporas
    • Negotiating Modernity

    This handbook therefore introduces the broad range of ideas and techniques that comprise pre-modern medicine in China, and the historiographical and ethnographic approaches that have illuminated them. It will prove a useful resource to students and scholars of Chinese studies, and the history of medicine and anthropology. It will also be of interest to practitioners, patients and specialists wishing to refresh their knowledge with the latest developments in the field.

    The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license

    Part 1: Longue Durée and Formation of Institutions and Traditions

    1. Yin, Yang and Five Agents (Wuxing) in the Basic Questions and Early Han (202 BCE–220 CE) Medical Manuscripts

    Chen Yun-ju

    2. Qi 氣: a Means for Cohering Natural Knowledge

    Michael Stanley-Baker

    3. Re-envisioning Chinese Medicine: the view from archaeology

    Vivienne Lo and Gu Man

    4. The Importance of Numerology, Part I: state ritual and medicine

    Deborah Woolf

    5. The Importance of Numerology, Part II: medicine: an overview of the application of numbers in Huangdi neijing

    Deborah Woolf

    6. Therapeutic Exercise in the Medical Practice of Sui China (581–618 CE)

    Dolly Yang

    7. The Canonicity of the Yellow Emperor’s Inner Classic: Han through Song

    Stephen Boyanton

    8. Pre-standardised Pharmacology: Han through Song

    Asaf Goldschmidt

    9. Chace, C. ‘Developments in Chinese Medicine from the Song through the Qing’

    Charles "Chip" Chace

    Part 2: Sickness and Healing

    10. Ancient Pulse Taking, Complexion and the Rise of Tongue Diagnosis in Modern China

    Oli Loi-Koe

    11. Case Records Yi'an

    Nancy Holroyde-Downing

    12. Acupuncture Illustrations

    Huang Longxiang and Wang Fang

    13. Anatomy and Surgery

    Li Jianmin

    14. History of Disease: pre-Han to Qing

    Lu Di

    15. Pre-modern Madness

    Chen Hsiu-fen

    16. Late Imperial Epidemiology, Part 1: from retrospective diagnosis to epidemics as diagnostic lens for other ends, 1870s to 1970s

    Marta Hanson

    17. Late Imperial Epidemiology, Part 2: new material and conceptual methods, 1980s to 2010s

    Marta Hanson

    18. Folk Medicine of the Qing and Republican Periods: a review of therapies in Unschuld's Berlin Manuscripts

    Nalini Kirk

    Part 3: Food and Sex

    19. What not to Eat – How Not to Treat: medical prohibitions

    Vivienne Lo and Luis Fernando Bernardi Junqueira

    20. Chinese Traditional Medicine and Diet

    Vivienne Lo

    21. Food and Dietary Medicine in Chinese Herbal Literature and Beyond

    Paul D. Buell

    22. The Sexual Body Techniques of Early and Medieval China: Underlying Emic Theories and Basic Methods of a Non-Reproductive Sexual Scenario for Non-Same-Sex Partners

    Rodo Pfister

    23. Sexing the Chinese Medical body: pre-modern Chinese medicine through the lens of gender

    Yishan Wang

    24. Gynaecology and Obstetrics from the Tang to the early 21st century

    Yi-Li Wu

    25. The Question of Sex and Modernity in China, Part 1: from xing to sexual cultivation

    Leon Antonio Rocha 

    26. The Question of Sex and Modernity in China, Part 2: from new ageism to sexual happiness

    Leon Antonio Rocha

    Part 4: Spiritual and Orthodox Religious Practices

    27. Daoism and Chinese Medicine

    Michael Stanley-Baker

    28. Buddhist Medicine: overview of concepts, practices, texts and translations

    Pierce Salguero

    29. Time in Chinese Alchemy

    Fabrizio Pregadio

    30. Daoist Sexual Practices for Health and Immortality for Women

    Elena Valussi

    31. Junqueira, L.F.B. Numinous Herbs: stars, spirits and medicinal plants in Late Imperial China

    Luis Fernando Bernardi Junqueira

    Part 5: The World of Sinographic Medicine: a diversity of interlinked traditions

    32. Transmission of Persian Medicine into China across the Ages

    Chen Ming

    33. Vietnam in the Pre-Modern Period

    Leslie de Vries

    34. History and Characteristics of Korean Medicine

    Yeonseok KANG 

    35. Chinese-style Medicine in Japan

    Katja Triplett

    36. A Brief History of Chinese Medicine in Singapore

    Yang Yan

    37. Minority Medicine

    Lai Lili and Zhen Yan

    Part 6: Wider Diasporas

    38. Early Modern Reception in Europe: translations and transmissions

    Éric Marié

    39. The Emergence of the Practice of Acupuncture on the Medical Landscape of France and Italy in the Twentieth Century

    Lucia Candelise

    40. Entangled Worlds: Traditional Chinese Medicine in the United States

    Mei Zhan

    41. The Migration of Acupuncture through the Imperium Hispanicum: case studies from Cuba, Guatemala and the Philippines

    Paul Kadetz

    42. Long and Winding Roads: the transfer of Chinese medical practices to African contexts

    Paul Kadetz

    43. Translating Chinese Medicine in the West: language, culture, and practice

    Sonya Pritzker

    Part 7: Negotiating Modernity

    44. The Declaration of Alma Ata: the global adoption of a Maoist model for Universal Healthcare

    Paul Kadetz

    45. Communist Medicine: the emergence of TCM and barefoot doctors, leading to contemporary medical markets

    Xiaoping Fang

    46. Contested Medicines in Twentieth-Century China

    Nicole Elizabeth Barnes

    47. Public Health in Twentieth-Century China

    Tina Phillips Johnson

    48. Encounters with Linnaeus? Modernisation of Pharmacopoeia through Bernard Read and Zhao Yuhuang up to the Present

    Lena Springer

    49. Dear, D. ‘Yangsheng in the Twenty First Century: embodiment, belief and collusion

    David Dear

    50. Butler, A. Liquorice and Chinese Herbal Medicine: an epistemological challenge

    Anthony Butler 

    51. Heinrich, M., Ka Yui Kum and Ruyu Yao ‘Decontextualised Chinese Medicines: their use as health foods and medicines in the ‘global North’

    Michael Heinrich, Ka Yui Kum and Ruyu Yao


    Vivienne Lo 羅維前 is Professor of Chinese History at University College London. She has published widely on the ancient and medieval history of medicine in China and in diaspora. Her research interests include medical manuscripts, medical imagery and the history of nutrition.

    Michael Stanley-Baker 徐源 is Assistant Professor in History at the School of Humanities, and of Medical Humanities at the Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. An historian of Chinese medicine and religion, particularly Daoism, he works on the early imperial period as well as contemporary Sinophone communities. Currently completing a monograph on medicine and religion as related genres of practice in China, he also produces digital humanities tools and datasets to study the migration of medicine across spatio-temporal, intellectual and linguistic boundaries.

    Dolly Yang 楊德秀 is a postdoctoral research associate at the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan. She received a PhD in 2018 from University College London for her investigation into the institutionalisation of therapeutic exercise in Sui China (581–618 CE). She has a particular interest in examining the use of non-drug-based therapy in early medieval China, allied to a passion for translating and analysing ancient Chinese medical and self-cultivation texts.

    "This book is a must-have on the shelves for not only every Chinese Medicine practitioner and Chinese medicine historian, but also for every aspiring Daoist scholar and Daoist practitioner alike. It is a near-inexhaustible treasure trove and an eclectic source of profound knowledge."

    Johan Hausen, Founder of Purple Cloud Press