1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Conflict Response and Leadership in Africa

    434 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    434 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This handbook explores the challenges and opportunities for leadership and conflict response in the context of Africa at several levels.

    Leadership plays a vital role in affecting conflict response but is frequently only examined at the macro level of state, government, and international organizations. This handbook addresses the need to explore challenges and opportunities for leadership at several levels: macro (global, regional, national), meso (NGOs, religious groups, academics), and micro (civil society organizations, youth groups, women’s organizations). Analysis from multiple levels provides a broader explanation of conflict dynamics and helps to fit localized conflict transformation approaches into wider national or regional structures. The multidisciplinary essays presented in this volume encompass the psychological, political, and structural dimensions of conflict response and demonstrate how its success is fundamentally linked to the style of effectiveness of leadership, among other factors.

    The volume is divided into four thematic sections:

    • Part I: The theory and dynamics of conflict response and leadership
    • Part II: Macro-level leadership experiences in conflict response
    • Part III: Meso-/micro-level leadership experiences in conflict response
    • Part IV: Recommendations for improved leadership in conflict response

    This book will be of much interest to students of conflict resolution, peace studies, African politics, security studies, and international relations, in general.


    Ian Liebenberg, Alpaslan Özerdem, and Sinem Akgül-Açıkmeşe

    PART I: The theory and dynamics of conflict response and leadership

    1. The evolution of conflict response: management, resolution and transformation

    Alpaslan Özerdem

    2. Leadership in conflict response: a conceptual exploration

    Sezai Özçelik, Murat Yorulmaz and Serdar Yılmaz

    3. Decoding the emerging world order and challenges to global leadership

    Tarık Oğuzlu

    4. Leadership from a civil society perspective

    Jessica Ayesha Northey

    5. Leadership, conflict and negotiating sustainable socio-political frameworks in Africa

    Ian Liebenberg

    Part II: Macro-level leadership experiences in conflict response

    6. Conflict response through operations: understanding the leadership roles of the EU and NATO in Africa

    Çiğdem Üstün and Sinem Akgül-Açıkmeşe

    7. Leadership of the United Nations and African Union in Darfur, 2003-2006

    Kathryn Crewe Kelly

    8. The Role of IGAD in peacebuilding and conflict resolution: the case of South Sudan

    Billy Agwanda, Uğur Yasin Aral, Ahmad Shoaib Ghulam Nabi, and Israel Nyaburi Nyadera

    9. Role of regional organizations in peace interventions: ECOWAS interventions in West Africa and macro-level leadership

    Burak Toygar Halistoprak

    10. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) and conflict response in Madagascar

    Mphatso Jones Boti Phiri

    11. The role of the United States as a global power in responding to violent conflicts in Africa

    Festus Kofi Aubyn

    12. Russia in the ‘new scramble for Africa’: a new search for leadership?

    İnan Ruma

    13. The People’s Republic of China in Africa

    Haluk Karadağ

    14. Turkey’s peacebuilding response in Africa: the case of Somalia

    Elem Eyrice Tepeciklioğlu

    15. The political transformation of the North African states in the post-Arab spring period

    Laçin İdil Öztığ

    16. Maritime security off Africa: perspectives on East and West Africa

    Francois Vreÿ

    Part III: Meso/micro-level leadership experiences in conflict response

    17. Community leadership and alternative approaches to western conflict resolution models

    Bezen Balamir Coskun

    18. Leading and misleading the flock: understanding the ambivalent record of faith leaders in peacebuilding and conflict prevention

    Laura Payne

    19. Clan elders and traditional reconciliation in Somalia: exercising servant leadership while rebuilding legitimate state structures

    Antti Pentikäinen and Oakley Thomas Hill

    20. Rwenzori in Uganda: the failures of reconciliation

    Stefano Ruzza

    21. Civil society groups’ peace activism and media in Kenya

    Zacharia Chiliswa

    22. Local communities, ICTs and conflict prevention in Africa: a critical inquiry

    Chas Morrison

    23. Youth leadership in conflict response in South Africa

    Cihan Dizdaroğlu

    24. Youth and peacebuilding in West Africa: the experiences of the West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP)

    Chukwuemeka B. Eze, Levinia Addae-Mensah and Osei Baffour Frimpong

    25. Making a difference in peacekeeping operations: voices of South African women peacekeepers, 2000-18

    Angela Alchin, Amanda Gouws and Lindy Heinecken

    26. Leadership in peacekeeping training: the contribution by KAIPTC to peace and security in West Africa

    Naila Salihu

    27. Human rights protection and leadership in contemporary African conflicts

    Michelle Nel

    28. The comparative role of political leadership in alleviating conflict: South Africa and Rwanda

    Kula Ishmael Theletsane

    PART IV: Recommendations for improved leadership in conflict response

    29. How to improve leadership in conflict response in Africa: lessons learned

    Sinem Akgül-Açıkmeşe, Alpaslan Özerdem, and Ian Liebenberg


    Alpaslan Özerdem is Dean of Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter School for Peace and Conflict Resolution at George Mason University, USA. He is co-editor of Routledge Handbook of Turkish Politics (2019), Comparing Peace Processes (2019), and Routledge Handbook of Peace, Security and Development (2020).

    Sinem Akgül-Açıkmeşe is Professor of International Relations and Jean Monnet Chair holder on Hybrid Threats in the EU at Kadir Has University (KHAS), Turkey. She is the co-editor of the book The European Union and the Black Sea: The State of Play (2015).

    Ian Liebenberg is Professor in the Department of Political and Administrative Studies (DPAS) at the University of Namibia (UNAM) and Professor Extraordinary in Politics at the Faculty of Military Science (FMS), Stellenbosch University, South Africa. He is the editor of A Far-Away War: Angola, 1975-1989 (first edition 2014, second edition 2019) and The Hidden Hand: Covert Operations in South Africa (first edition 1994, revised edition 1998).

    'The handbook overall provides a broad but valuable overview of the nature of leadership and conflict in Africa, drawing attention to areas of conflict and leadership that are often understudied. The result is a must-read book for both emerging researchers wishing to understand leadership, peacebuild□ing, and conflict in Africa and established researchers who are interested in improving our understanding of, and approaches to, conflict and leadership.'

    Benjamin Hammett, International Peacekeeping, November 2023