This handbook explores how democracies around the world seek to balance democratic values with the requirement to protect their citizens from the threat of politically motivated violence.
Over the past few decades, the majority of the world’s democracies have had to confront serious security threats, and in many instances these challenges have not come from rival states but from violent groups. This volume offers readers an overview of how some democracies have responded to such threats. It examines the extent to which authorities have felt compelled to modify laws to evade what would ordinarily be regarded as protected rights, such as personal privacy, freedom of movement and freedom of speech. Grounded in historical analysis, each of the sections addresses past and emerging security threats; legal and legislative responses to them; successful and unsuccessful efforts to reconcile democracy and security; and a range of theoretical questions. The case studies provided vary in terms of the durability of their democratic systems, level of economic development and the severity of the threats with which they have been confronted.
The volume is divided into three thematic parts:
- Strong democracies: United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Australia, New Zealand and Israel
- Challenged democracies: India, South Africa, Brazil, Argentina and Romania
- Fragile democracies: the Philippines and Nigeria.
This book will be of much interest to students of democracy, security studies, political philosophy, Asian politics, Middle Eastern politics, African politics, West European politics and IR in general.
Table of Contents
Leonard B. Weinberg, Elizabeth A. Francis and Eliot Assoudeh
Part I: Strong Democracies: United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Australia and New Zealand, Israel
1. Democracy and Security in the United States
Leonard B. Weinberg and Elizabeth A. Francis
2. Surveillance and the Inversion of Democratic Transparency
3. National Security and Privacy in the United States through a Litigation Lens
4. Democracy and Security in the United Kingdom
5. PREVENT: The United Kingdom Responds to Terrorism
6. Immigration and Extremism: Security Challenges for France’s Fifth Republic
Eliot Assoudeh and Juliette Legendre
7. Democracy and Security in Germany Before and After Reunification
8. Patterns of Uncertainty: Security Practices and Quality of Democracy in Italy
Antonio Zotti and Vittorio Parsi
9. Ending ETA’s Terrorism in Spain: Tradeoffs between Democracy and Securitiy?
10. Finding the Democratic Balance: Australian and New Zealand National Security Coordination
Rouben Azizian and Terry Johanson
11. Israel’s Democracy and Security
Raphael Cohen-Almagor and Amos N. Guiora
Part II: Challenged Democracies: India, South Africa, Brazil, Argentina, Romania
12. Public Security Challenges in India
Ajay K. Mehra
13. Democracy and Security in South Africa
Jeffrey A. Griffin and Robert L. Ostergard, Jr
14. Democratic Politics in Brazil: Advances in Accountability Mechanisms and regression in Civil-Military Relations
Thomas C. Bruneau
15. Argentina: Old and New Military Missions: Security and Democracy
16. The Quest for a Tradeoff between Democracy and Security: the Case of Post-Communist Romania
Florina Cristiana Matei
Part III: Fragile Democracies: the Philippines and Nigeria
17. The Philippines Face the New People’s Army: Fifty Years in the Field
Christopher C. Harmon
18. Democracy and Security in Nigeria: A History
Robert L. Ostergard, Jr. and Jeffrey A. Griffin
19. Security and Rule of Law in Nigeria: The Role of the Nigerian Judiciary
Hon. Ari Tobi-Aiyemo
Leonard Weinberg is Emeritus Foundation Professor of Political Science at the University of Nevada, Reno, USA.
Elizabeth Francis is an Associate Professor of English and Judicial Studies at the University of Nevada, Reno, USA.
Eliot Assoudeh is Adjunct Professor of Political Science at the University of Nevada, Reno, USA.