1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Democracy and Security

    340 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This handbook explores how democracies around the world seek to balance democratic values with the requirement to protect their citizens from the threat of politically motivated violence.

    Over the past few decades, the majority of the world’s democracies have had to confront serious security threats, and in many instances these challenges have not come from rival states but from violent groups. This volume offers readers an overview of how some democracies have responded to such threats. It examines the extent to which authorities have felt compelled to modify laws to evade what would ordinarily be regarded as protected rights, such as personal privacy, freedom of movement and freedom of speech. Grounded in historical analysis, each of the sections addresses past and emerging security threats; legal and legislative responses to them; successful and unsuccessful efforts to reconcile democracy and security; and a range of theoretical questions. The case studies provided vary in terms of the durability of their democratic systems, level of economic development and the severity of the threats with which they have been confronted.

    The volume is divided into three thematic parts:

    • Strong democracies: United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Australia, New Zealand and Israel
    • Challenged democracies: India, South Africa, Brazil, Argentina and Romania
    • Fragile democracies: the Philippines and Nigeria.

    This book will be of much interest to students of democracy, security studies, political philosophy, Asian politics, Middle Eastern politics, African politics, West European politics and IR in general.


    Leonard B. Weinberg, Elizabeth A. Francis and Eliot Assoudeh

    Part I: Strong Democracies: United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Australia and New Zealand, Israel

    1. Democracy and Security in the United States

    Leonard B. Weinberg and Elizabeth A. Francis

    2. Surveillance and the Inversion of Democratic Transparency

    Sudha Setty

    3. National Security and Privacy in the United States through a Litigation Lens

    Lawrence Friedman

    4. Democracy and Security in the United Kingdom

    Leonard Weinberg

    5. PREVENT: The United Kingdom Responds to Terrorism

    Robin Simcox

    6. Immigration and Extremism: Security Challenges for France’s Fifth Republic

    Eliot Assoudeh and Juliette Legendre

    7. Democracy and Security in Germany Before and After Reunification

    Steffen Schneider

    8. Patterns of Uncertainty: Security Practices and Quality of Democracy in Italy

    Antonio Zotti and Vittorio Parsi

    9. Ending ETA’s Terrorism in Spain: Tradeoffs between Democracy and Securitiy?

    Rogelio Alonso

    10. Finding the Democratic Balance: Australian and New Zealand National Security Coordination

    Rouben Azizian and Terry Johanson

    11. Israel’s Democracy and Security

    Raphael Cohen-Almagor and Amos N. Guiora

    Part II: Challenged Democracies: India, South Africa, Brazil, Argentina, Romania

    12. Public Security Challenges in India

    Ajay K. Mehra

    13. Democracy and Security in South Africa

    Jeffrey A. Griffin and Robert L. Ostergard, Jr

    14. Democratic Politics in Brazil: Advances in Accountability Mechanisms and regression in Civil-Military Relations

    Thomas C. Bruneau

    15. Argentina: Old and New Military Missions: Security and Democracy

    David Pion-Berlin

    16. The Quest for a Tradeoff between Democracy and Security: the Case of Post-Communist Romania

    Florina Cristiana Matei

    Part III: Fragile Democracies: the Philippines and Nigeria

    17. The Philippines Face the New People’s Army: Fifty Years in the Field

    Christopher C. Harmon

    18. Democracy and Security in Nigeria: A History

    Robert L. Ostergard, Jr. and Jeffrey A. Griffin

    19. Security and Rule of Law in Nigeria: The Role of the Nigerian Judiciary

    Hon. Ari Tobi-Aiyemo


    Leonard Weinberg is Emeritus Foundation Professor of Political Science at the University of Nevada, Reno, USA.

    Elizabeth Francis is an Associate Professor of English and Judicial Studies at the University of Nevada, Reno, USA.

    Eliot Assoudeh is Adjunct Professor of Political Science at the University of Nevada, Reno, USA.