1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Democracy and Security




ISBN 9781138799981
Published December 23, 2020 by Routledge
340 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations

USD $250.00

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Book Description

This handbook explores how democracies around the world seek to balance democratic values with the requirement to protect their citizens from the threat of politically motivated violence.

Over the past few decades, the majority of the world’s democracies have had to confront serious security threats, and in many instances these challenges have not come from rival states but from violent groups. This volume offers readers an overview of how some democracies have responded to such threats. It examines the extent to which authorities have felt compelled to modify laws to evade what would ordinarily be regarded as protected rights, such as personal privacy, freedom of movement and freedom of speech. Grounded in historical analysis, each of the sections addresses past and emerging security threats; legal and legislative responses to them; successful and unsuccessful efforts to reconcile democracy and security; and a range of theoretical questions. The case studies provided vary in terms of the durability of their democratic systems, level of economic development and the severity of the threats with which they have been confronted.

The volume is divided into three thematic parts:

  • Strong democracies: United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Australia, New Zealand and Israel
  • Challenged democracies: India, South Africa, Brazil, Argentina and Romania
  • Fragile democracies: the Philippines and Nigeria.

This book will be of much interest to students of democracy, security studies, political philosophy, Asian politics, Middle Eastern politics, African politics, West European politics and IR in general.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Leonard B. Weinberg, Elizabeth A. Francis and Eliot Assoudeh

Part I: Strong Democracies: United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Australia and New Zealand, Israel

1. Democracy and Security in the United States

Leonard B. Weinberg and Elizabeth A. Francis

2. Surveillance and the Inversion of Democratic Transparency

Sudha Setty

3. National Security and Privacy in the United States through a Litigation Lens

Lawrence Friedman

4. Democracy and Security in the United Kingdom

Leonard Weinberg

5. PREVENT: The United Kingdom Responds to Terrorism

Robin Simcox

6. Immigration and Extremism: Security Challenges for France’s Fifth Republic

Eliot Assoudeh and Juliette Legendre

7. Democracy and Security in Germany Before and After Reunification

Steffen Schneider

8. Patterns of Uncertainty: Security Practices and Quality of Democracy in Italy

Antonio Zotti and Vittorio Parsi

9. Ending ETA’s Terrorism in Spain: Tradeoffs between Democracy and Securitiy?

Rogelio Alonso

10. Finding the Democratic Balance: Australian and New Zealand National Security Coordination

Rouben Azizian and Terry Johanson

11. Israel’s Democracy and Security

Raphael Cohen-Almagor and Amos N. Guiora

Part II: Challenged Democracies: India, South Africa, Brazil, Argentina, Romania

12. Public Security Challenges in India

Ajay K. Mehra

13. Democracy and Security in South Africa

Jeffrey A. Griffin and Robert L. Ostergard, Jr

14. Democratic Politics in Brazil: Advances in Accountability Mechanisms and regression in Civil-Military Relations

Thomas C. Bruneau

15. Argentina: Old and New Military Missions: Security and Democracy

David Pion-Berlin

16. The Quest for a Tradeoff between Democracy and Security: the Case of Post-Communist Romania

Florina Cristiana Matei

Part III: Fragile Democracies: the Philippines and Nigeria

17. The Philippines Face the New People’s Army: Fifty Years in the Field

Christopher C. Harmon

18. Democracy and Security in Nigeria: A History

Robert L. Ostergard, Jr. and Jeffrey A. Griffin

19. Security and Rule of Law in Nigeria: The Role of the Nigerian Judiciary

Hon. Ari Tobi-Aiyemo

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Editor(s)

Biography

Leonard Weinberg is Emeritus Foundation Professor of Political Science at the University of Nevada, Reno, USA.

Elizabeth Francis is an Associate Professor of English and Judicial Studies at the University of Nevada, Reno, USA.

Eliot Assoudeh is Adjunct Professor of Political Science at the University of Nevada, Reno, USA.