Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement  book cover
1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement

ISBN 9781032400570
Published August 29, 2022 by Routledge
374 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement offers an overview of the historical settings, theoretical debates, national approaches and practical strategies to deradicalisation and disengagement.

Radicalisation and violent extremism are major global challenges, and as new and violent extremist groups and environments emerge, there is an increasing need for knowledge about how individuals physically exit these movements and how to change their mindset. Historically, much of the focus on these topics has been highly securitised and militarised; by contrast, this volume explores the need for more community-based and ‘soft’ approaches. The handbook includes discussions from both right-wing/left-wing political and religiously inspired deradicalisation processes.

The handbook is organised into three parts:

1 definitions, backgrounds and theories;

2 actors;

3 regional case studies.

This handbook will be of much interest to students, researchers, scholars and professionals of deradicalisation, counterterrorism, political violence, political extremism, security studies and international relations in general.

Table of Contents

1 Why do we need a handbook on disengagement and deradicalisation?

Stig Jarle Hansen and Stian Lid


PART I:  Definitions, backgrounds and theories


2 Terminology and definitions

Daniel Koehler


3 Concepts and practices: a brief history of disengagement and deradicalisation 26

Stig Jarle Hansen


4 Exploring the viability of phase-based models in (de)radicalization

Liesbeth Mann, Lars Nickolson, Allard R. Feddes, Bertjan Doosje, and Fathali M. Moghaddam


5 Psychological approaches to terrorist rehabilitation: direct and indirect mechanisms of deradicalization

David Webber, Marina Chernikova, Erica Molinario, and Arie W. Kruglanski


6 Gender, deradicalisation and disengagement

Jennifer Philippa Eggert


7 Deradicalization or DDR?: The challenges emerging from variations in forms of territorial control

Stig Jarle Hansen


8 “Welcome” home: deradicalization of Jihadi foreign fighters

Arie Perliger


PART II: Actors

9 Prison-based deradicalization: what do we need to determine what works?

Jessica Stern and Paige Pascarelli


10 Local governments’ role in disengagement, deradicalisation and reintegration initiatives

Stian Lid


11 Civil actors’ role in deradicalisation and disengagement initiatives: when trust is essential

Tina Wilchen Christensen


12 Deradicalization through religious education

Rached Ghannouchi


13 United Nations and counter-terrorism: strategy, structure and prevention of violent extremism conducive to terrorism: a practitioner’s view

Hans-Jakob Schindler


14 Preventing radicalisation and enhancing disengagement in the European Union

Sarah Léonard, Christian Kaunert, and Ikrom Yakubov


15 African Union initiatives to counter terrorism and develop deradicalisation strategies

Anneli Botha


PART III: Regional case studies

16 Deradicalisation and disengagement in the Benelux: a variety of local approaches

Amy-Jane Gielen


17 Desistance and disengagement programme in the UK Prevent strategy: a public health analysis 224

Mohammed Samir Elshimi


18 Promoting disengagement from violent extremism in Scandinavia: what, who, how?

Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen and Jakob Ilum


19 Deradicalisation: China’s panacea for conflict resolution in Xinjiang

Bhavna Singh


20 Deradicalization and disengagement: context, actors, strategies and approaches in South Asia

Bahadar Nawab


21 The politics of deradicalization in Israel/Palestine

Lihi Ben Shitrit


22 Disengagement and preventing/countering violent extremism in the Horn of Africa: an analysis of contemporary approaches and discussion of the role disengagement can play in preventing/countering violent extremism

Martine Zeuthen


23 Turning the page on extremism: deradicalization in the North American context

Mubin Shaikh, Hicham Tiflati, Phil Gurski, and Amarnath Amarasingam


24 Deradicalization and disengagement in Latin America

Irina A. Chindea


25 Conclusion

Stig Jarle Hansen and Stian Lid



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Stig Jarle Hansen is a professor and leader of the international relations programme at the Norwegian University of Life Science.

Stian Lid is a researcher at the Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research at Oslo Metropolitan University.