1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement

Edited By Stig Jarle Hansen, Stian Lid Copyright 2020
    374 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    374 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement offers an overview of the historical settings, theoretical debates, national approaches and practical strategies to deradicalisation and disengagement.

    Radicalisation and violent extremism are major global challenges, and as new and violent extremist groups and environments emerge, there is an increasing need for knowledge about how individuals physically exit these movements and how to change their mindset. Historically, much of the focus on these topics has been highly securitised and militarised; by contrast, this volume explores the need for more community-based and ‘soft’ approaches. The handbook includes discussions from both right-wing/left-wing political and religiously inspired deradicalisation processes.

    The handbook is organised into three parts:

    1 definitions, backgrounds and theories;

    2 actors;

    3 regional case studies.

    This handbook will be of much interest to students, researchers, scholars and professionals of deradicalisation, counterterrorism, political violence, political extremism, security studies and international relations in general.

    1 Why do we need a handbook on disengagement and deradicalisation?

    Stig Jarle Hansen and Stian Lid


    PART I:  Definitions, backgrounds and theories


    2 Terminology and definitions

    Daniel Koehler


    3 Concepts and practices: a brief history of disengagement and deradicalisation 26

    Stig Jarle Hansen


    4 Exploring the viability of phase-based models in (de)radicalization

    Liesbeth Mann, Lars Nickolson, Allard R. Feddes, Bertjan Doosje, and Fathali M. Moghaddam


    5 Psychological approaches to terrorist rehabilitation: direct and indirect mechanisms of deradicalization

    David Webber, Marina Chernikova, Erica Molinario, and Arie W. Kruglanski


    6 Gender, deradicalisation and disengagement

    Jennifer Philippa Eggert


    7 Deradicalization or DDR?: The challenges emerging from variations in forms of territorial control

    Stig Jarle Hansen


    8 “Welcome” home: deradicalization of Jihadi foreign fighters

    Arie Perliger


    PART II: Actors

    9 Prison-based deradicalization: what do we need to determine what works?

    Jessica Stern and Paige Pascarelli


    10 Local governments’ role in disengagement, deradicalisation and reintegration initiatives

    Stian Lid


    11 Civil actors’ role in deradicalisation and disengagement initiatives: when trust is essential

    Tina Wilchen Christensen


    12 Deradicalization through religious education

    Rached Ghannouchi


    13 United Nations and counter-terrorism: strategy, structure and prevention of violent extremism conducive to terrorism: a practitioner’s view

    Hans-Jakob Schindler


    14 Preventing radicalisation and enhancing disengagement in the European Union

    Sarah Léonard, Christian Kaunert, and Ikrom Yakubov


    15 African Union initiatives to counter terrorism and develop deradicalisation strategies

    Anneli Botha


    PART III: Regional case studies

    16 Deradicalisation and disengagement in the Benelux: a variety of local approaches

    Amy-Jane Gielen


    17 Desistance and disengagement programme in the UK Prevent strategy: a public health analysis 224

    Mohammed Samir Elshimi


    18 Promoting disengagement from violent extremism in Scandinavia: what, who, how?

    Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen and Jakob Ilum


    19 Deradicalisation: China’s panacea for conflict resolution in Xinjiang

    Bhavna Singh


    20 Deradicalization and disengagement: context, actors, strategies and approaches in South Asia

    Bahadar Nawab


    21 The politics of deradicalization in Israel/Palestine

    Lihi Ben Shitrit


    22 Disengagement and preventing/countering violent extremism in the Horn of Africa: an analysis of contemporary approaches and discussion of the role disengagement can play in preventing/countering violent extremism

    Martine Zeuthen


    23 Turning the page on extremism: deradicalization in the North American context

    Mubin Shaikh, Hicham Tiflati, Phil Gurski, and Amarnath Amarasingam


    24 Deradicalization and disengagement in Latin America

    Irina A. Chindea


    25 Conclusion

    Stig Jarle Hansen and Stian Lid




    Stig Jarle Hansen is a professor and leader of the international relations programme at the Norwegian University of Life Science.

    Stian Lid is a researcher at the Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research at Oslo Metropolitan University.