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Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement




ISBN 9781138229969
Published March 2, 2020 by Routledge
374 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

The Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement offers an overview of the historical settings, theoretical debates, national approaches and practical strategies to deradicalisation and disengagement.

Radicalisation and violent extremism are major global challenges, and as new and violent extremist groups and environments emerge, there is an increasing need for knowledge about how individuals physically exit these movements and how to change their mindset. Historically, much of the focus on these topics has been highly securitised and militarised; by contrast, this volume explores the need for more community-based and ‘soft’ approaches. The handbook includes discussions from both right-wing/left-wing political and religiously inspired deradicalisation processes.

The handbook is organised into three parts:

1 definitions, backgrounds and theories;

2 actors;

3 regional case studies.

This handbook will be of much interest to students, researchers, scholars and professionals of deradicalisation, counterterrorism, political violence, political extremism, security studies and international relations in general.

Table of Contents

1 Why do we need a handbook on disengagement and deradicalisation?

Stig Jarle Hansen and Stian Lid

 

PART I:  Definitions, backgrounds and theories

 

2 Terminology and definitions

Daniel Koehler

 

3 Concepts and practices: a brief history of disengagement and deradicalisation 26

Stig Jarle Hansen

 

4 Exploring the viability of phase-based models in (de)radicalization

Liesbeth Mann, Lars Nickolson, Allard R. Feddes, Bertjan Doosje, and Fathali M. Moghaddam

 

5 Psychological approaches to terrorist rehabilitation: direct and indirect mechanisms of deradicalization

David Webber, Marina Chernikova, Erica Molinario, and Arie W. Kruglanski

 

6 Gender, deradicalisation and disengagement

Jennifer Philippa Eggert

 

7 Deradicalization or DDR?: The challenges emerging from variations in forms of territorial control

Stig Jarle Hansen

 

8 “Welcome” home: deradicalization of Jihadi foreign fighters

Arie Perliger

 

PART II: Actors

9 Prison-based deradicalization: what do we need to determine what works?

Jessica Stern and Paige Pascarelli

 

10 Local governments’ role in disengagement, deradicalisation and reintegration initiatives

Stian Lid

 

11 Civil actors’ role in deradicalisation and disengagement initiatives: when trust is essential

Tina Wilchen Christensen

 

12 Deradicalization through religious education

Rached Ghannouchi

 

13 United Nations and counter-terrorism: strategy, structure and prevention of violent extremism conducive to terrorism: a practitioner’s view

Hans-Jakob Schindler

 

14 Preventing radicalisation and enhancing disengagement in the European Union

Sarah Léonard, Christian Kaunert, and Ikrom Yakubov

 

15 African Union initiatives to counter terrorism and develop deradicalisation strategies

Anneli Botha

 

PART III: Regional case studies

16 Deradicalisation and disengagement in the Benelux: a variety of local approaches

Amy-Jane Gielen

 

17 Desistance and disengagement programme in the UK Prevent strategy: a public health analysis 224

Mohammed Samir Elshimi

 

18 Promoting disengagement from violent extremism in Scandinavia: what, who, how?

Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen and Jakob Ilum

 

19 Deradicalisation: China’s panacea for conflict resolution in Xinjiang

Bhavna Singh

 

20 Deradicalization and disengagement: context, actors, strategies and approaches in South Asia

Bahadar Nawab

 

21 The politics of deradicalization in Israel/Palestine

Lihi Ben Shitrit

 

22 Disengagement and preventing/countering violent extremism in the Horn of Africa: an analysis of contemporary approaches and discussion of the role disengagement can play in preventing/countering violent extremism

Martine Zeuthen

 

23 Turning the page on extremism: deradicalization in the North American context

Mubin Shaikh, Hicham Tiflati, Phil Gurski, and Amarnath Amarasingam

 

24 Deradicalization and disengagement in Latin America

Irina A. Chindea

 

25 Conclusion

Stig Jarle Hansen and Stian Lid

 

Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Stig Jarle Hansen is a professor and leader of the international relations programme at the Norwegian University of Life Science.

Stian Lid is a researcher at the Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research at Oslo Metropolitan University.