The Routledge Handbook of Development Ethics provides readers with insight into the central questions of development ethics, the main approaches to answering them, and areas for future research. Over the past seventy years, it has been argued and increasingly accepted that worthwhile development cannot be reduced to economic growth. Rather, a number of other goals must be realised:
• Enhancement of people's well-being
• Equitable sharing in benefits of development
• Empowerment to participate freely in development
• Environmental sustainability
• Promotion of human rights
• Promotion of cultural freedom, consistent with human rights
• Responsible conduct, including integrity over corruption
Agreement that these are essential goals has also been accompanied by disagreements about how to conceptualize or apply them in different cases or contexts. Using these seven goals as an organizing principle, this handbook presents different approaches to achieving each one, drawing on academic literature, policy documents and practitioner experience.
This international and multi-disciplinary handbook will be of great interest to development policy makers and program workers, students and scholars in development studies, public policy, international studies, applied ethics and other related disciplines.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction Jay Drydyk and Lori Keleher PART I Contexts 2. Global ethics Nigel Dower 3. Integral human development Lori Keleher 4. Post-development Mitu Sengupta 5. Epistemology Anna Malavisi PART II Well-being 6. Well-being Rebecca Gutwald 7. Capabilities Oscar Garza and Severine Deneulin 8. Happiness Melina Nikolova 9. Adaptive preferences Serene Khader PART III Social and global justice 10. Social and global justice Julian Culp 11. Gender Christine Koggel 12. Indigenous peoples Krushil Watene and Roger Merino Acuña 13. ‘Horizontal’ inequalities Frances Stewart 14. Children Flavio Comim 15. Health Sridhar Venkatapuram PART IV Empowerment and agency 16. Empowerment Karie Cross 17. Agency Matt Regan 18. Education Sandra Boni and Merridy Strydom-Wilson 19. Displacement Asmita Kabra and Jay Drydyk PART V Environmental Sustainability 20. Sustainability and Climate Change Andrew Crabtree 21. Food Production Paul Thompson 22. Buen Vivir and the Rights of Nature Laura Rodriguez and Johannes Waldmueller PART VI Human rights 23. Human Rights Polly Vizard 24. The Right to Development Stephen Marks 25. Security Stephen Esquith PART VII Cultural freedom 26. Cultural Freedom Stacy Kosko 27. LGBTI People Yuvraj Joshi 28. Religion Katherine Marshall PART VIII Responsibility 29. International Responsibilities Julian Culp 30. Development practitioners Chloe Schwenke 31. Corruption Sirkku Hellsten PART IX Regional perspectives 32. Latin America Mario Solís 33. South Asia Shashi Motilal and Prakriti Prajapati 34. East Asia Benedict Chan 35. Middle East and Northern Africa Alain Piveteau and Eric Rougier 36. French-speaking Sub-Saharan Africa Jérôme Ballet, Kouamékan J.M. Koffi, and Alice Kouadio 37. Sub-Saharan Africa A.B. Rukooko 38. Europe Louise Haagh 39. USA and Canada Eric Palmer
Jay Drydyk is Professor of Philosophy at Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada, Past President of the International Development Ethics Association and Human Development and Capability Association Fellow.
Lori Keleher is Associate Professor of Philosophy at New Mexico State University, USA. She serves on the board of the International Development Ethics Association, as well as on the Executive Council and as a Fellow for the Human Development and Capability Association.
"Jay Drydyk and Lori Keleher have done a stellar job in bringing leading scholars in development ethics together for this Handbook of Development Ethics. The chapters in this handbook make it clear that development is not just about economic growth, but in the first place about wellbeing, justice, empowerment, the environment, human rights, cultural freedoms, and taking responsibilities. This handbook will become an essential resource for any student or teacher of development ethics. And it should be interesting for anyone who wants to think systematically about what matters when moving towards a better world for all." — Ingrid Robeyns, Chair in Ethics of Institutions, Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Utrecht University, Netherlands
"The three quarters of a century after the second world war has seen dramatic improvements, on average, in life expectancy, educational achievements, and income in parts of the world where these were lowest. The "on average" qualification is of course important—some have benefited much more than others, and significant numbers have been immiserized. What are the basic ethical principles according to which one would assess the gains for some against the losses for others in health, education and income? Are these the only dimensions along which changes are to be measured and assessed? And in any case, can such consequentialist perspectives capture the essence of ethical dilemmas in development? These questions do not make for easy answers, and there is lively debate among scholars on development ethics, animated by ground level political expressions, sometimes violent, of huge discontent among those "being developed". This excellent volume brings together leading analysts to chart the terrain and lay the foundations for further systematic debate and exploration. It will become a go to reference for those working on normative assessment of the development process." — Ravi Kanbur, T.H. Lee Professor of World Affairs, International Professor of Applied Economics and Management, and Professor of Economics at Cornell University, USA
"This book is an extraordinary conversation among diverse ethical values that in the process revises each one of them. Like in a symphony, where the color and sound of an instrument is perceived differently when joined by others, the seven values organizing this handbook interact as living creatures. The orchestra is in place; and it is worth listening to it like a unified piece. It is much more than a handbook." — Javier M. Iguiniz-Echeverria, Professor Emeritus, Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, Executive Secretary of the National Accord of Peru, President of the Institute for Human Development in Latin America