Routledge Handbook of Environmental Displacement and Migration  book cover
1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Environmental Displacement and Migration

ISBN 9780367521509
Published June 30, 2020 by Routledge
464 Pages 23 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The last twenty years have seen a rapid increase in scholarly activity and publications dedicated to environmental migration and displacement, and the field has now reached a point in terms of profile, complexity, and sheer volume of reporting that a general review and assessment of existing knowledge and future research priorities is warranted. So far, such a product does not exist.

The Routledge Handbook of Environmental Displacement and Migration provides a state-of-the-science review of research on how environmental variability and change influence current and future global migration patterns and, in some instances, trigger large-scale population displacements. Drawing together contributions from leading researchers in the field, this compendium will become a go-to guide for established and newly interested scholars, for government and policymaking entities, and for students and their instructors. It explains theoretical, conceptual, and empirical developments that have been made in recent years; describes their origins and connections to broader topics including migration research, development studies, and international public policy and law; and highlights emerging areas where new and/or additional research and reflection are warranted.

The structure and the nature of the book allow the reader to quickly find a concise review relevant to conducting research or developing policy on particular topics, and to obtain a broad, reliable survey of what is presently known about the subject.

Table of Contents

Front matter

Editors’ foreword. Robert McLeman & François Gemenne

Foreword. Mary Robinson


List of Figures

List of tables


Part I: Existing knowledge, theories and methods

1.Environmental migration research: evolution and current state of the science

Robert McLeman & François Gemenne

2. Theories of voluntary and forced migration

Etienne Piguet

3. Mobility, displacement and migration and their interactions with vulnerability and adaptation to environmental risks

W. Neil Adger, Ricardo Safra de Campos & Colette Mortreux

4. Environmental change and international migration: a review

Luisa Veronis, Bonnie Boyd, Reiko Obokata & Brittany Main

5. Immobility

Caroline Zickgraf

6. Geospatial modelling and mapping

Alex de Sherbinin & Ling Bai

7. Modeling migration and population displacement in response to environmental and climate change: Multilevel event history models

Jack DeWaard & Raphael J. Nawrotzki

8. Estimating the population impacts of sea level rise

Katherine J. Curtis & Rachel S. Bergmans

9. Qualitative research techniques: It’s a case-studies world

François Gemenne

10. Incorporating indigenous knowledge in research

Tristan Pearce

11. Gender, migration, and (global) environmental change

Giovanna Gioli & Andrea Milan

12. Environmental migrants, climate ‘refugees’ and sun-seeking expats: Capturing the larger context of migration in a changing climate through appropriate and effective behavioural research Dominic Kniveton, Sonja Ayeb-Karlsson & Christopher Smith

Part II: Empirical evidence from regions

13. Environmental change and migration: A review of West African case studies

Victoria van der Land, Clemens Romankiewicz & Kees van der Geest

14. Burkina Faso: The adaptation-migration policy nexus in a drying climate

Nakia Pearson

15. Fleeing from arid lands: Pastoralism in the context of climate change

Julia Blocher

16. Climate and risk of migration in South Africa

Rachel Licker & Marina Mastrorillo

17. Deforestation, drought and environmental migration in Brazil: an overview

Erika Pires Ramos & Lilian Yamamoto

18. Internal migration in Bangladesh: A comparative analysis of coastal, environmentally challenged, and other districts

Bimal Kanti Paul & Avantika Ramekar

19. Environmental stressors and population mobility in China: Causes, approaches and consequences

Yan Tan

20. Environmental migration in Mexico

Daniel Simon

21. Transnational approaches to remittances, risk reduction and disaster relief: Evidence from post-Typhoon Haiyan experiences of Filipino immigrants in Canada

Reiko Obokata & Luisa Veronis

22. Population displacements and migration patterns in response to Hurricane Katrina

Elizabeth Fussell

23. A community-based model for resettlement: Lessons from coastal Louisiana

Julie K. Maldonado & Kristina Peterson

24. Social and cultural dimensions of environment-related mobility and planned relocations in the South Pacific

Dalila Gharbaoui

Part III: Legal and policy considerations

25. Definitions and concepts

Benoît Mayer

26. Human rights, environmental displacement and migration

Dug Cubie

27. Climate, migration and displacement: Exploring the politics of preventative action

Craig Johnson

28. Environmental migration and international political security: rhetoric, reality and questions

Stern Mwakalimi Kita & Clionadh Raleigh

29. Green grabbing-induced displacement

Sara Vigil

30. Climate-induced community relocations: Institutional challenges, human rights protections, and the example of Alaskan indigenous communities

Robin Bronen

31. UNHCR’s perspectives on displacement in the context of climate change

Marine Franck

32. Environmental change and human mobility: Perspectives from the World Bank

Susan F. Martin, Jonas Bergmann, Hanspeter Wyss & Kanta Kumari

33. Environmental migration and the UN Environment Programme

Oli Brown & Brian Wittbold

34. Platform on Disaster Displacement, Follow-up to the Nansen Initiative: Addressing the protection needs of persons displaced across borders in the context of disasters and climate change. Platform on Disaster Displacement Secretariat

35. A moment of opportunity to define the global governance of environmental migration: Perspectives from the International Organization for Migration

Mariam Traore Chazalnoel & Dina Ionesco

36. Where do we go from here? Reflections on the future of environmental migration and displacement research

Lori Hunter


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Robert McLeman is a former foreign service officer specializing in migration management and is presently Associate Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Canada.

François Gemenne is Director of the Hugo Observatory at the University of Liège, Belgium, the first research centre dedicated to the interactions between environmental change and human migration. A political scientist by training, he is also the executive director of the research programme Politics of the Earth at Sciences Po in Paris, where he is a lecturer in environmental politics.




"Environmental migration and displacement is a massive phenomenon, a new wicked universality whose political influence is felt everywhere. This book is important not only for those who document the pace and size of the phenomenon, but also for those in receiving countries who must learn how to cope with it." --Bruno Latour, sociologist and philosopher, France

"This handbook allows us to anticipate impending disasters, such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami which was one of the first topics of discussion for my government, and the volume calls for rapid solutions. I am optimistic and I believe that we can save the planet, because the world has equipped itself with the knowledge and technology to do so. This is a most helpful guide for political parties who want to formulate responsible and vote winning polices. It’s a blue print for NGOs interested in doing good. It’s the definitive guide on the subject and a good read." -- Mohamed Nasheed, former President of the Maldives

"This Handbook is essential reading and a key teaching resource for everyone interested in an interdisciplinary approach to climate change and migration. McLeman and Gemenne succeed in bringing together a state of the art collection of articles that provide a comprehensive survey of current thinking, not only on the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of a quickly expanding field of research, but also on the available empirical evidence as well as current developments in the areas of law and policy." -- Walter Kälin, Special Envoy of the Chairmanship of the Platform on Disaster Displacement

"This Handbook will be a resource to policy makers to identify the current state of the science on the impacts, responses and best practices relating to environmental migration and displacement." -- Mary Robinson, President, Mary Robinson Foundation – Climate Justice, Ireland