Globally, environmental impact assessment (EIA) is one of the most enduring and influential environmental management tools. This handbook provides readers with a strong foundation for understanding the practice of EIA, by outlining the different types of assessment while also providing a guide to best practice.
This collection deploys a research and practice-based approach to the subject, delivering an overview of EIA as an essential and practical tool of environmental protection, planning, and policy. To best understand the most pertinent issues and challenges surrounding EIA today, this volume draws together prominent researchers, practitioners, and young scholars who share their work and knowledge to cover two key parts. The first part introduces EIA processes and best practices through analytical and critical chapters on the stages/elements of the EIA process and different components and forms of assessment. These provide examples that cover a wide range of assessment methods and cross-cutting issues, including cumulative effects assessment, social impact assessment, Indigenous-led assessment, risk assessment, climate change, and gender-based assessment. The second part provides jurisdictional reviews of the European Union, the US National Environmental Policy Act, recent assessment reforms in Canada, EIA in developing economies, and the EIA context in England.
By providing a concise outline of the process followed by in-depth illustrations of approaches, methods and tools, and case studies, this book will be essential for students, scholars, and practitioners of environmental impact assessment.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Types of Assessment, Issues, and Practices
- A brief introduction to environmental impact assessment
- Strategic environmental assessment: one name multiple concepts
- Cumulative effects assessment
- Social impact assessment
- Risk assessment and risk management
- Sustainability assessment principles and practices
- Climate change in environmental assessment
- Health impact assessment
- Environmental Impact Assessment and Disaster Risk Management
- Regional assessment
- Gender-based analysis and environmental impact assessments: Challenges and opportunities for transformative approaches
- Geographic information sciences in environmental impact Assessment: applications and opportunities
- Indigenous impact assessment
- Innovative approaches to achieving meaningful public participation in next generation impact assessment
- EIA best practice for the developing world: What does it mean?
- The European Union Environmental Impact Assessment Directive: current practice and challenges for the future
- The US National Environmental Policy Act
- Environmental assessment in England
- Environmental assessment reform in Canada
Kevin Hanna and Lauren Arnold
Anne Merrild Hansen
Ayla De Grandpre and Karaline Reimer
Angus Morrison Saunders, Jenny Pope, Alan Bond, and Francois Retief
Alexandra Jiricka-Pürrer and Thomas B Fischer
Lauren Arnold, Chris Buse, Rob Friberg, Bram Noble, and Kevin Hanna
Priya Bala-Miller, Nicole Peletz, and Kevin Hanna
Alistair Macdonald and Ciaran O'Faircheallaigh
John Sinclair, Alan P. Diduck, and John R. Parkins
Part 2. Jurisdictional Profiles
Francois Retief, Reece C Alberts, Claudine Roos, and Dirk P Cilliers
Gesa Geißler, Johann Köppel, and Marie Grimm
Matt Lindstrom and Ben West
Josh Fothergill and Thomas B Fischer
Kevin Hanna is Director of the Centre for Environmental Assessment Research at the University of British Columbia, Canada.