Ergonomics is concerned with the ‘fit’ between people and their work. With an increasing number of people becoming conscious about their health and participating in sport or physical activity, ergonomics has become an increasingly prominent concern within the sport and exercise sciences. From the design of footwear and artificial playing surfaces, to studies of proprioception by obese children , the way in which people interact with their environment - designed and natural – has important implications for performance sport and for the design of safe and beneficial forms of physical activity.
The Routledge Handbook of Ergonomics in Sport and Exercise is the first book to offer a comprehensive and in-depth survey of cutting-edge scientific research into ergonomics in sport and exercise. Written by world-leading international scientists and researchers, the book explores key topics such as:
- musculoskeletal adaptation to sports and exercise
- environmental factors of injury and fatigue
- load weight and performance
- ergonomics in adapted sports and exercise
- measurement in sports and exercise
- modelling and simulation in ergonomics design
- influence of playing surface, footwear and equipment design.
Bridging the gap between fundamental scientific research in sport and exercise and applications in sport and exercise contexts, this is an important reference for all advanced students, researchers and professionals working in sport and exercise science, kinesiology, sports technology, sports engineering, ergonomics, and product design.
Table of Contents
Section 1 - Muscular adaptation to sports and exercise 1. Resistance training and endurance performance: physiological adaptations and recommendations for performance enhancement 2. Respiratory muscle and breathing entrainment training for rowing 3. Neuromuscular adaptations in running 4. Biomechanical adaptation in ice hockey skating Section 2 - Environmental factors of injury and fatigue 5. Fatigue and injury in soccer 6. Environmental factors for fatigue and injury in ultra-endurance sports 7. Environmental factors for fatigue and injury in breath hold / SCUBA diving 8. Biomechanical and physiological study on adaptability to cold environment Section 3 - Environmental condition and sports performance 9. Effects of environmental conditions on performance in winter sports 10. Applied ergonomics of cycling performance 11. Effects of environmental conditions on competitive swimming performance 12. The effects of environmental condition on performance in soccer Section 4 - Effects of load weight on body posture and performance 13. Effect of backpack types and loads on children’s mediolateral spinal posture during stair walking 14. The effect of unilateral load carriage on the muscle activities of the trunk and lower limb of young healthy males during gait 15. Differences in physiology, biomechanics, and motor control of walking with backpack loads between children and adults 16. The effect of backpack load and gait speed on plantar force during treadmill walking Section 5 - Measurement in sports and exercise 17. Resistive force selection and upper body contraction dynamics: Relationships with anaerobic cycle ergometry performance 18. Measurement of power in mechanically braked cycle ergometers for performance evaluation 19. Metabolic testing principles for optimizing performance testing and training goals in sport and exercise 20. Power meter principles for optimizing testing, training, and performance strategies in cycling 21. Selection of parameters using ground reaction force measurement and 3D motion capture for developing biomechanical feedback training in golf Section 6 - Influence of playing surface on sports and exercise 22. In-shoe plantar loads during overground running 23. The effect of playing surfaces on performance in tennis 24. Loading patterns on natural grass and synthetic turf in American football 25. Human movement on ice surface 26. Snow - the performance surface for alpine skiing Section 7 - Influence of footwear on sports and exercise 27. Effects of elastic shoe cover on running mechanics 28. Cushioning performance of running shoes with EVA and PU midsoles during 500 km running 29. The effect of alterations to calcaneal movement during running 30. Influence of soccer shoe construction on performance and injuries 31. Effect of shoe heel modification on shock attenuation and joint loading during extreme lunge movement in elite badminton players 32. The effects of footwear on the economy of movement Section 8 Influence of implements and protective devices in sports and exercise 33. Head injuries, measurement criteria and helmet design 34. The effects of functional knee bracing on injury prevention and sport performance 35. Interaction of tennis racket design and biomechanical factors 36. Effect of rowing ergometer design on lumbar stress in elite rowers 37. Protective headgear in sports Section 9 Modeling and simulation in sports and exercise 38. Modelling and simulation in springboard diving 39. Modeling in rowing 40. Head-brain-SAS biomechanics and TBI in sports and accidents 41. Modeling and simulation in discus throw 42. Three dimensional musculoskeletal modeling of resistance training exercises Section 10 Measurement in adapted sports and exercise 43. Biomechanics of vertical jump performance in unilateral trans-tibial amputees 44. Three-dimensional pushrim forces during different racing wheelchair propulsion speeds 45. Development and application of wheelchair tennis fitness test for improving competitiveness 46. Kinematics of shot put, discus and javelin throwing in Paralympic athletes
Youlian Hong is a professor in the Department of Sports Medicine, Chengdu Sports University, China. He received his PhD from the German Sports University of Cologne. He is also Editor-in-Chief of Research in Sports Medicine: An International Journal, and Fellow, Live Member and former President and Geoffrey Dyson Lecturer of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.