1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Global Populism




ISBN 9780415787024
Published September 21, 2018 by Routledge
484 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations

USD $245.00

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Preview

Book Description

This volume illustrates the diversity of populism globally. When seeking power, populists politicize issues, and point to problems that need to be addressed such as inequalities, the loss of national sovereignty to globalization, or the rule of unresponsive political elites. Yet their solutions tend to be problematic, simplistic, and in most instances, instead of leading to better forms of democracy, their outcomes are authoritarian. Populists use a playbook of concentrating power in the hands of the president, using the legal system instrumentally to punish critics, and attacking the media and civil society. Despite promising to empower the people, populists lead to processes of democratic erosion and even transform malfunctioning democracies into hybrid regimes.

The Routledge Handbook of Global Populism provides instructors, students, and researchers with a thorough and systematic overview of the history and development of populism and analyzes the main debates. It is divided into sections on the theories of populism, on political and social theory and populism, on how populists politicize inequalities and differences, on the media and populism, on its ambiguous relationships with democratization and authoritarianism, and on the distinct regional manifestations of populism. Leading international academics from history, political science, media studies, and sociology map innovative ideas and areas of theoretical and empirical research to understand the phenomenon of global populism.

Table of Contents

1. Global populism: histories, trajectories, problems, and challenges (Carlos de la Torre)

Part I: Contemporary theories of populism

2. Laclau's theory of populism: a critical review (Enrique Peruzzotti)

3. Populism as a political strategy, (Robert R. Barr)

4. The ideational Approach (Kirk A Hawkins)

Part II: Populism and political and social theory

5. Antiestablishment and the substitution of the whole with one of its parts (Nadia Urbinati)

6. Civil society, populism, and religion (Andrew Arato and Jean L. Cohen)

7. Populist constitutionalism (Paul Blokker)

8. Twisting representation (Paula Diehl)

Part III: The populist politicization of inequalities and differences

9. Left, right, and the populist structuring of political competition (Kenneth M. Roberts)

10. The emergence of ethno-populism in Latin America (Raúl L. Madrid)

11. Islamic populism and the politics of neoliberal inequalities (Vedi R. Hadiz)

12. Populism and race in the United States from George Wallace to Donald Trump (Joseph Lowndes)

13. Populism, migration, and xenophobia in Europe (Carlo Ruzza)

Part IV: Populism and the media

14. Populism as media and communication phenomenon (Silvio Waisbord)

15. Populism and media in Western Europe (Benjamin Moffitt)

16. Donald Trump, American populism and affective media (Olivier Jutel)

Part V: Between democratization and authoritarianism

17. The influence of populist leaders on African democracy (Danielle Resnick)

18. Populism and democracy in Europe (Ángel Rivero)

19. Radical left-wing populism and democracy in Europe (Marco Damiani)

20. Fascism and populism (Federico Finchelstein)

21. Populism and authoritarianism (Kurt Weyland)

22. Populism and competitive authoritarianism in Latin America (Steven Levitsky and James Loxton)

Part VI: Regional trajectories

23. Populism in Africa and the potential for "ethnically blind" politics (Nic Cheeseman)

24. Movement leaders, oligarchs, technocrats and autocratic mavericks: populists in contemporary Asia (Marcus Mietzner)

25. Populism in the Middle East (Dani Filc)

26. Populism in the U.S. (Ritchie Savage)

27. From left to right and beyond: the defense of populism (José Pedro Zúquete)

28. Populist waves in Latin America: continuities, twists, and ruptures (Felipe Burbano de Lara)

29. The missing piece in global populism: the role populism played in Central America (Luis Roniger)

30. Epilogue: areas for future research (Carlos de la Torre and Manuel Anselmi)

...
View More

Editor(s)

Biography

Carlos de la Torre is Professor of Sociology at the University of Kentucky and Emeritus Professor at FLASCO-Ecuador. He has been a fellow at the Simon Guggenheim Foundation and the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars. He is the author of 13 books and over 100 articles and book chapters.

Reviews

"It broadens our view and provides rich material for a more empirically based debate on populism and, most of all, on the reasons for its development."

Dirk Jörke, TU Darmstadt