This Handbook is the first major volume to examine the conservation of Asia’s culture and nature in relation to the wider social, political and economic forces shaping the region today.
Throughout Asia rapid economic and social change means the region’s heritage is at once under threat and undergoing a revival as never before. As societies look forward, competing forces ensure they re-visit the past and the inherited, with the conservation of nature and culture now driven by the broader agendas of identity politics, tradition, revival, rapid development, environmentalism and sustainability. In response to these new and important trends, the twenty three accessible chapters here go beyond sector specific analyses to examine heritage in inter-disciplinary and critically engaged terms, encompassing the natural and the cultural, the tangible and intangible. Emerging environmentalisms, urban planning, identity politics, conflict memorialization, tourism and biodiversity are among the topics covered here.
This path-breaking volume will be of particular interest to students and scholars working in the fields of heritage, tourism, archaeology, Asian studies, geography, anthropology, development, sociology, and cultural and postcolonial studies.
Table of Contents
1. Heritage in Asia: converging forces, conflicting values Tim Winter and Patrick Daly Part I: Challenging Conservation: the view from Asia 2. Same same but different? A roundtable discussion on the philosophies, methodologies, and practicalities of conserving cultural heritage in Asia Kecia Fong, Tim Winter, Hae Un Rii, Pinraj Khanjanusthiti, and Aparna Tandon 3. The unbearable impermanence of things: reflections on Buddhism, cultural memory and heritage conservation Maurizio Peleggi 4. From multi-religious sites to mono-religious monuments in South Asia: the colonial legacy of heritage management Himanshu Ray 5. Exotification, conservation and the history of natural heritage in Indonesia Timothy P. Barnard 6. Beyond Band Aids: The need for specialized materials conservation expertise in Asia Jeff Cody & Kecia Fong Part II: The Politics and Governance of Heritage 7. States, governance and the politics of culture: World Heritage in Asia William Logan 8. "Selecting the refined and discarding the dross": The post-1990 Chinese leadership's attitude towards cultural tradition Jiawen Ai 9. Legislating to safeguard Asia's intangible cultural heritage Georgina Lloyd 10. Intangible cultural heritage and peace building in Indonesia and East Timor Birgit Bräuchler 11. The revitalization of Khmer ethnic identity in Thailand: empowerment or confinement? Alexandra Denes 12. A political-ecological heritage of resource contest and conflict Michael Dove Part III: Rethinking Relationships, Remembrance and Loss 13. Out in the cold? Remembering socialism and global conflict in Asia Colin Long 14. War and revolution as national heritage: "Red Tour" in China Horng-luen Wang 15. The politics of loss and nostalgia in Luang Prabang (Lao PDR) David Berliner 16. Rethinking relationships: world heritage, communities and tourism Robyn Bushell & Russell Staiff 17. Heritage challenges in Asian urban cultural landscape settings Ken Taylor Part IV: Negotiating Modernity and Globalisation 18. Heritage and modernity in India Jyoti Hosagrahar 19. Anti-superstition: Campaigns against popular religion and its heritage in Asia Denis Byrne 20. Globalisation and sacred adivasi landscapes in Eastern India Vinita Damodaran 21. Shifting pilgrim trains and temple-towns in India Kiran Shinde 22. Asian orientalism: perspectives of Buddhist heritage in Japan Aki Toyoyama 23. Fighting modernity: traditional Chinese martial arts and the transmission of intangible cultural heritage Patrick Daly
Patrick Daly is a Senior Research Fellow at the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore.
Tim Winter is a Professor in the School of Social Sciences at The University of Western Australia.
'An impressive lineup of international scholars, exciting interdisciplinary perspectives on one of the most compelling regions of the world, and a set of sophisticated challenges for the burgeoning field of global heritage studies. The contributors take seriously the entwined spheres of natural and cultural heritage, they consider rural and urban spaces, as well as tangible and intangible heritage. There is simply no comparable work available. A long awaited intervention - the scope of this volume is truly remarkable.' Professor Lynn Meskell, Professor of Anthropology, Stanford University, USA
'This volume is an ambitious and comprehensive collection of papers, which delivers a theoretically and politically engaged account of how heritage in a number of Asian countries, is used in new imaginings of national futures. This book will be essential reading for those working in or researching Asian heritage, and those interested in wider debates about the nature, meaning and socio-political consequences of 'heritage'.' Laurajane Smith, Australian National University, editor: International Journal of Heritage Studies
'With the irrepressible rise of Asia, there is a growing sense of urgency and a ‘moral imperative’ to conserve fragile and irreplaceable parts of culture and nature. The Routledge Handbook of Heritage in Asia impressively probes the complex arena of scientific, bureaucratic and commercial frameworks shaping heritage conservation across the region today. This essential volume explores the Asian distinctiveness of heritage, and discusses the opportunities still available to historical custodians and practitioners to enact a more sustainable modernity.' Professor Prasenjit Duara, Raffles Professor of Humanities, National University of Singapore
'Theoretically sophisticated and rich in empirical studies from across a vast region, the Routledge Handbook of Heritage in Asia is a pathbreaking book that boldly engages complex intersections of politics, governance, identity, memory, tourism, colonialism, neoliberal economies, globalization, modernity, tradition and – of course – conservation. The multidisciplinary breadth of its balanced roster of Western and Asian contributing authors combines with their interdisciplinary perspectives to create a coherent volume of exceptional interest. Particularly important is the integrated emphasis on the inseparability of tangible and intangible heritage, eschewal of the culture-nature dichotomy, and attention to the historical and systemic contexts of heritage phenomena and the national, international, public and private institutions concerned with them. Created by scholars of great intellectual range and sensitivity, the Routledge Handbook of Heritage in Asia offers timely challenges for the next generation of practice and conceptualization in the heritage field and beyond.' Helaine Silverman, Professor of Anthropology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA