1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Human Trafficking

Edited By Ryszard Piotrowicz, Conny Rijken, Baerbel Uhl Copyright 2018
    558 Pages
    by Routledge

    586 Pages
    by Routledge

    Trafficking in human beings (THB) has been described as modern slavery. It is a serious criminal activity that has significant ramifications for the human rights of the victims. It poses major challenges to the state, society and individual victims. THB is not a static given but a constantly changing concept depending on societal changes and opinions, economic situations and legal developments. THB occurs both transnationally and within countries. The complexity of THB is such that it requires a wide range of expertise fully to address the phenomenon.

    Edited by a team of leading international academics, the Routledge Handbook of Human Trafficking will provide an interdisciplinary introduction to THB. It is aimed at academics, students, research universities and non-governmental organisations, as well as policy makers. It will review THB through the lens of law, anthropology, social and political science and will address statistical, data protection issues and showcase the most effective research methods, analyse the various actors and stakeholders and the different types of exploitation of trafficked persons. It will critically highlight and analyse the most pressing current challenges posed by THB.

    Part I: International and Regional Regimes on Anti-trafficking
    1. Genealogies of Human Trafficking and Slavery, (Jean Allain)
    2. Trafficking in Human Beings as a Crime and as a Human Rights Violation, (Joachim Renzikowski)
    3. Trafficking in Transnational Criminal Law, (Anne Gallagher)
    4. The European Legal Regime on Trafficking in Human Beings, (Ryszard Piotrowicz)
    5. Trafficking in Human Beings in the African Context, (Joy Ngozi Ezeilo)
    6. Human Trafficking in the Context of Labour Migration in Southeast Asia: The Case of Thailand’s Fishing Industry, (Sebastian Boll)
    7. Human Trafficking in Australasia, (Natalia Szablewska) 
    8. Human Trafficking in the Middle East, Tenia Kyriazi, (Tenia Kyriazi)

    Part II: Types of Exploitation

    9. Defining Exploitation in the Context of Trafficking – What Is a Crime and What Is Not, (Klara Skrivankova)
    10. Human Trafficking for the Purpose of Organ Removal, (Marta López-Fraga, Kristof Van Assche, Beatriz Dominguez-Gil, Franci L. Delmonico and Alexander M. Capron)
    11. Child Soldiering in Relation to Human Trafficking, (Gus Waschefort)
    12. Tracing the Emergence of ICT-enabled Human Trafficking for Ransom, (Mirjam van Reisen, Zecarias Gerrima, Eyob Ghilazghy, Selam Kidane, Conny Rijken and Gertjan Van Stam)
    13. Exploitation through Begging as a Form of Trafficking in Human Beings – Over-estimated or Under-reported?, (Claire Healy)

    Part III: Particular Legal Issues

    14. The Non-punishment Provision with Regard to Victims of Trafficking: A Human Rights Approach, (Ryszard Piotrowicz and Lilliana Sorrentino)
    15. Abuse of a Position of Vulnerability within the Definition of Trafficking in Persons, (Anne Gallagher and Marika McAdam)
    16. Unable to Return? The Protection of Victims of Trafficking in Need of International Protection, (Fadela Novak-Irons) 
    17. Prosecution of Cases of Human Trafficking in a Common Law System, (Pam Bowen)
    18. Prosecution of Trafficking in Human Beings in Civil Law Systems: the Example of Belgium, (Frédéric Kurz)

    Part IV: Needs of Victims of Trafficking

    19. Trafficking in Persons: A Victim’s Perspective, (Conny Rijken)  
    20. Child Trafficking – a Call for Rights-based Integrated Approaches, (Helmut Sax)
    21. The Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings, (Lorna McGregor)
    22. Being Home: Exploring Family Re-Integration amongst Trafficked Indonesian Domestic Workers, (Rebecca Surtees)
    23. The Mental health of Trafficked Persons, (Pim Scholte, L. Verhaak, A. Lok and R. Ghafoerkhan)
    24. National Referral Mechanisms, (Jyothi Kanics)

    Part V: Critical Discourses of the Anti-trafficking Framework

    25. Sex and Work: Understanding Sexual Commerce in an Era of ‘Globalisation', (Svati Shah)
    26. Orwellian Rights and the UN Trafficking Protocol, (Alice M. Miller and Tara Zivkovic)
    27. Collateral Damage Provoked by Anti-trafficking Measures, (Mike Dottridge)
    28. Disrupting Religious Privilege: Code of Conduct for Religious Institutions, Faith Communities and Faith-based Organizations for Their Work with Survivors of Forced Labour, Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery, (Yvonne Zimmerman)
    29. The Interface between Trafficking in Persons and Culture, (Rahel Gershuni)

    Part VI: Statistics, Data and Knowledge
    30. Work in Progress: International Statistics on Human Trafficking, (Jan van Dijk and Claudia Campistol)
    31. Knowledge Production on Human Trafficking and Everyday Governance Practices, (Claudia Vorheyer)
    32. ‘Assumptions Built into Code: Digital Data, Human Trafficking and Human Rights – a Troubled Relationship?, (Baerbel Heide Uhl)

    Part VII: Actors, Stakeholders and Institutions
    33. Changing the System from Within: The Role of NGOs in the Flawed Anti-trafficking Framework, (Marieke van Doorninck)
    34. The Role of the UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, (Maria Grazia Giammarinaro)
    35. Trafficking in Human Beings and International Peacekeeping, (Marco Odello)
    36. Can Labour Make an Effective Contribution to Legal Strategies against Human Trafficking?, (Zuzanna Muskat-Gorska)

    Part VIII: Economic Aspects
    37. Exploitation of Migrant Workers and Trafficking in Human Beings: A Nexus of the Demand by Employers, Workers and Consumers, (Natalia Ollus and Anniina Jokinen)
    38. Fifteen Years Lifting of the Ban on Brothels: the Struggle of Policy Makers between Sex Workers as Agents or Victims, (Marjan Wijers)
    39. A Critical Engagement with the “Pull and Push” Model: Human Trafficking and Migration into Sex Work, (Sea-Ling Cheng)
    40. Of Coyotes and Caporali: How Anti-trafficking Discourses of Criminality Depoliticise Mobility and Exploitation, (Neil Howard)
    41. Trafficking in Human Beings and the Informal Economy, (Kyril Sharapov)
    42. The Business of Trafficking in Human Beings, (Toine Spapens)


    Ryszard Piotrowicz is Professor of Law at Aberystwyth University. He was a member of the European Commission’s Group of Experts (2008-15) and has been a member of GRETA, the Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, since 2013. He has published extensively in the field of migration law, especially with regard to refugees and trafficking in human beings. Prof. Piotrowicz is the Book Reviews Editor of the International Journal of Refugee Law. He has lectured and spoken at conferences on human trafficking across the world. Most recently he has worked on the issue of non-punishment of victims of trafficking (for OSCE) and on trafficking for forced begging.

    Conny Rijken is Professor of Human Trafficking and Globalisation at INTERVICT, Tilburg Law School, Tilburg University. Prof. Rijken has done extensive research on various aspects of trafficking in human beings including the European perspective, migration, labour exploitation and human rights. She has been leading several (EU funded) international and interdisciplinary research projects, e.g. ‘Combating THB for Labour Exploitation’, ‘Corporate Social Responsibility to Prevent Human Trafficking’ and one on Joint Investigation Teams. Central in her research is the focus on human rights and engagement with the position of the individual.

    Baerbel Heide Uhl is a political scientist and has been working on anti-trafficking politics both in academia and in operational missions in Europe for more than two decades. She is a co-founder of the European NGO network ‘La Strada’ and a founder of the NGO initiative datACT, data protection in anti-trafficking action. Dr.Uhl held positions of anti-trafficking expert for the OSCE Mission to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). In addition, she advised EU candidate countries and new Member States, including Turkey, Croatia, Bulgaria and Romania, on European anti-trafficking policies within the framework of EU enlargement procedures. Dr.Uhl was a member of the European Commission’s Experts Group to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings from 2003-2007 and served as the Chairperson to the second Group from 2008-2011. She is a Member of the Advisory Board of La Strada International. She earned her PhD and her Diploma in Political Science at the Free University of Berlin.

    "For someone like me, who has worked in the area of anti-trafficking since 2010, it provides refreshing new perspectives, opportunities for introspection, and a lot of food for thought. By reading the book, policymakers and implementers at national and international levels could have some of their assumptions shaken, but will hopefully emerge better equipped to understand the most salient features of human trafficking and what it takes to combat it." Dr Petra Nestorova, Executive Secretary, Secretariat of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings