Routledge Handbook of Illiberalism  book cover
1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Illiberalism

ISBN 9780367260545
Published November 30, 2021 by Routledge
1024 Pages 12 B/W Illustrations

FREE Standard Shipping
SAVE $56.00
was $280.00
USD $224.00

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Book Description

The Routledge Handbook of IIliberalism is the first authoritative reference work dedicated to illiberalism as a complex social, political, cultural, legal, and mental phenomenon.

Although illiberalism is most often discussed in political and constitutional terms, its study cannot be limited to such narrow frames. This Handbook comprises sixty individual chapters authored by an internationally recognized group of experts who present perspectives and viewpoints from a wide range of academic disciplines. Chapters are devoted to different facets of illiberalism, including the history of the idea and its competitors, its implications for the economy, society, government and the international order, and its contemporary iterations in representative countries and regions.

The Routledge Handbook of IIliberalism will form an important component of any library's holding; it will be of benefit as an academic reference, as well as being an indispensable resource for practitioners, among them journalists, policy makers and analysts, who wish to gain an informed understanding of this complex phenomenon.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Theoretical perspectives

1. The antiliberal idea

Stephen Holmes

2. The history of illiberalism

Helena Rosenblatt

3. Illiberalism and opposition to the Enlightenment

Graeme Garrard

4. Contemporary Christian criticism of liberalism

Gladden Pappin

5. Left and New Left critiques of liberalism

Michael C. Behrent

6. Conservativism as illiberalism

Andy Hamilton

7. Asian values, Confucianism, and illiberal constitutions

Wen-Chen Chang

8. A theory of illiberal democracy

Ulrich Wagrandl

Part 2: Forms of illiberal government

9. Illiberal regime types

Nenad Dimitrijevic

10. Hybrid regimes

Leonardo Morlino

11. Theocracy

Ran Hirschl

12. Authoritarian structures and trends in consolidated democracies

Helena Alviar García and Günter Frankenberg

Part 3: Ideas and Forces Fuelling Illiberalism

13. The ideational core of democratic illiberalism

Ruzha Smilova

14. The people in ancient times and the rise of ’popularism’

Claudia Moatti and Christel Müller

15. The illiberal potential of the people

Zoran Oklopcic

16. Identity, narratives and nationalism

Mabel Berezin

17. Illiberalism and national sovereignty

Neil Walker

18. Populism and illiberalism

Paul Blokker

19. Illiberalism and the multicultural backlash

Rita Chin

20. Illiberal democracy and the politicization of immigration

Leila Hadj Abdou

21. Gender and illiberalism

Andrea Pető

22. Illiberalism and Islam

Aziz Z. Huq

Part 4: Illiberal practices

23. Illiberal practices

Marlies Glasius

24. Surveillance in the illiberal state

Steven Feldstein

25. Media control and post-truth communication

Eileen Culloty and Jane Suiter

26. Illiberal practices and the management of protest and dissent

Michael Hamilton

27. The body of the nation: Illiberalism and gender

Susanna Mancini and Nausica Palazzo

Part 5: Government and governance

28. The myth of the illiberal democratic constitution

David Landau

29. Constitutional practices in times ’after liberty’

Renáta Uitz

30. Parliaments in an Era of Illiberal Executives

David Schneiderman

31. Political parties, elections, and pernicious polarization in the rise of illiberalism

Jennifer McCoy and Murat Somer

32. The plebiscite in modern democracy

Samuel Issacharoff and J. Colin Bradley

33. Illiberal constitutionalism and the judiciary

Mirosław Wyrzykowski and Michal Ziółkowski

34. Illiberalism and the rule of law

Martin Krygier

35. Emergencies and illiberalism

Alan Greene

36. Illiberalism of military regimes

Nam Kyu Kim

37. Towards a post-liberal approach to political ordering

Philipp Lottholz

Part 6: Economy, society and psychology

38. The social requisites of illiberalism

Gábor Scheiring

39. The psychological construction of the illiberal subject

Frank Furedi

40. The psychology of authoritarianism and support for illiberal policies and parties

Stanley Feldman, Vittorio Mérola and Justin Dollman

41. Illiberal politics and group-based needs for recognition and dominance

Bjarki Gronfeldt, Aleksandra Cichocka, Marta Marchlewska, and Aleksandra Cislak

42. Illiberal economic policies

László Csaba

43. Economic Consequences of Illiberalism in Eastern Europe

Paula Ganga

Part 7: Regional and national variations

44. Asia’s illiberal governments

Tom Ginsburg

45. Cultural sources and institutional practice of authoritarianism in China

Hongyi Lai

46. The intertwining of liberalism and illiberalism in India

Arun K. Thiruvengadam

47. Indonesia’s ‘third-wave’ democratic model?

Abdil Mughis Mudhoffir and Vedi R. Hadiz

48. Latin America breathing: Liberalism and illiberalism, once and again

Roberto Gargarella

49. From antiestablishmentarianism to Bolsonarism in Brazil

Rafael Mafei, Thomas Bustamante, Emilio Peluso Neder Meyer

50. The Balkans

Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos

51. Illiberalism in East Central Europe

Gábor Halmai

52. The illiberal challenge in the European Union

Yves Bertoncini and Dominique Reynié

53. Turkey as a model of Muslim authoritarianism?

Halil Ibrahim Yenigun

Part 8: Global perspectives

54. Illiberalism and human rights

Marie-Luisa Frick

55. Free trade in peril

Michael Lee

56. International sources of democratic backsliding

Anna Meyerrose

The crisis of liberal world order

Elias Götz

Part 9: Sources of resistance

58. The weaknesses of illiberal regimes

Benjamín García-Holgado and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

59. Civil society, crisis exposure and resistance strategies

Nicole Bolleyer

60. Politics after the normalization of shamelessness

Benjamin Arditi

Part 10: Themes for future research

61. A compass for future research

András Sajó and Renáta Uitz

View More



András Sajó is former Vice- President of the European Court of Human rights. As a judge he dealt with cases of rights violation originating in illiberal shifts in many countries. His term ended by May 2017 and he is currently University Professor at Central European University (CEU), Budapest, where he teaches constitutional law and interdisciplinary courses on the Demise of Constitutionalism. He also runs a research program of the same name. Before his judicial activity he was involved in public law projects in countries in the process of transition to democracy and taught comparative law at Cardozo Law School, NYU Law School, and CEU.

Renáta Uitz is Professor and Chair of the Comparative Constitutional Law program at Central European University, Budapest. Her teaching covers subjects in comparative constitutional law and human rights with special emphasis on the enforcement of constitutional rights. Theories and practices of good government, transition to and from constitutional democracy, questions of personal autonomy and equality, including religious liberty and sexual autonomy, are at the centre of her research interests.

Stephen Holmes is Walter E. Meyer Professorship of Law at New York University. His research centres on the history and recent evolution of liberalism and antiliberalism in Europe, the 1787 Constitution as a blueprint for continental expansion, the near- impossibility of imposing rules of democratic accountability on the deep state, the traumatic legacy of 1989, and the diffi culty of combating jihadist terrorism within the bounds of the Constitution and the international laws of war. In 1988, he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship to complete a study of the theoretical foundations of liberal democracy. He was named a Carnegie Scholar in 2003– 2005 for his work on Russian legal reform. After receiving his PhD from Yale in 1976, Holmes taught briefl y at Yale and Wesleyan universities before becoming a member of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University in 1978. He later taught at Harvard University, the University of Chicago, and Princeton before joining the faculty at NYU School of Law in 2000.


"An impressive and wide-ranging volume whose theme is deeply relevant for political theorists and practical politicians in both liberal and illiberal democracies worldwide."

Susan Rose-Ackerman, Henry R. Luce Professor of Law and Political Science, Emeritus, Yale University