1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of National and Regional Ocean Policies

    640 Pages 95 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    682 Pages 95 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This comprehensive handbook, prepared by leading ocean policy academics and practitioners from around the world, presents in-depth analyses of the experiences of fifteen developed and developing nations and four key regions of the world that have taken concrete steps toward cross-cutting and integrated national and regional ocean policy. 

    All chapters follow a common framework for policy analysis. While most coastal nations of the world already have a variety of sectoral policies in place to manage different uses of the ocean (such as shipping, fishing, oil and gas development), in the last two decades, the coastal nations covered in the book have undertaken concerted efforts to articulate and implement an integrated, ecosystem-based vision for the governance of ocean areas under their jurisdiction. This includes goals and procedures to harmonize existing uses and laws, to foster sustainable development of ocean areas, to protect biodiversity and vulnerable resources and ecosystems, and to coordinate the actions of the many government agencies that are typically involved in oceans affairs. 

    The book highlights the serious conflicts of use in most national ocean zones and the varying attempts by nations to follow the prescriptions emanating from the 1982 UN Law of the Sea Convention and the outcomes of the 1992, 2002, and 2012 sustainable development summits. The interrelationship among uses and processes in the coast and ocean requires that ocean governance be integrated, precautionary, and anticipatory. Overall, the book provides a definitive state-of-the-art review and analysis of national and regional ocean policies around the world.

    Part 1: Introduction 

    1. A Comparative Analysis of Ocean Policies in Fifteen Nations and Four Regions 

    Miriam C. Balgos, Biliana Cicin-Sain, and David L. VanderZwaag 

    2. International Agreements and Customary International Principles Providing Guidance for National and Regional Ocean Policies 

    Jon M. Van Dyke and Sherry P. Broder 

    Part 2: National Ocean Policies 

    3. Oceans Policy: A Canadian Case Study 

    Camille Mageau, David L. VanderZwaag, Ken Huffman, and Susan Farlinger 

    4. Australia’s Oceans Policy 

    Donna Petrachenko and Ben Addison 

    5. The Marine Policy of the Russian Federation: Its Formation and Realization 

    Yuriy G. Mikhaylichenko and Valentin P. Sinetsky 

    6. Strategy for Marine Environment Conservation and Development in the United Kingdom 

    Hance D. Smith, Iwan Ball, Rhoda C. Ballinger, Tim Stojanovic, and Tara Thrupp 

    7. Brazil’s National Ocean Policy 

    Milton L. Asmus, Etiene Villela Marroni, and Guilherme G. Vieira 

    8. Jamaica’s Oceans and Coastal Policy 

    Laleta Davis Mattis and Peter Edwards 

    9. Development of National Ocean Policy in Japan 

    Hiroshi Terashima and Moritaka Hayashi

    10. Development of a National Ocean Policy in Mexico 

    Porfirio Alvarez-Torres, Antonio Díaz-de-León-Corral, Gustavo Pérez-Chirinos, Juan Carlos Aguilar, Roberto Rosado, Fausto Efrén Burgoa, Sofía Cortina, Mariela Ibáñez, Gaëlle Brachet, Norma Patricia Muñoz Sevilla, Evelia Rivera-Arriaga, and Isaac Andres Azuz Adeath 

    11. Development of a National Ocean Policy in the United States 

    Biliana Cicin-Sain, Gerhard F. Kuska, K. Caitlin Snyder, and Kateryna Wowk 

    12. Toward an Integrated Policy for the Ocean in Portugal 

    Mário Ruivo, Tiago Pitta e Cunha, Márcia Marques, and Raquel Ribeiro 

    13. Toward a National Ocean Policy in New Zealand 

    Prue Taylor 

    14. Norway’s Marine Policy: Toward Comprehensive Oceans Management 

    Alf Håkon Hoel and Terje Lobach 

    15. The Philippine National Marine Policy 

    Jay L. Batongbacal 

    16. National Marine Policy: A Vietnamese Case Study 

    Nguyen Chu Hoi and Hoang Ngoc Giao 

    17. A Case Study of India’s Policy and Legal Regimes on Ocean Governance 

    Tony George Puthucherril 

    Part 3: Regional Ocean Policies 

    18. The Integrated Maritime Policy of the European Union 

    Sylvain Gambert 

    19. The Pacific Islands Regional Ocean Policy and the Framework for a Pacific Oceanscape: ‘Many Islands–One Ocean’ 

    Mary Power and Anama Solofa 

    20. The Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia: Policy Implications at Local, National, and Regional Levels 

    Stella Regina Bernad and Chua Thia-Eng 

    21. Ocean and Coastal Policy Processes in Sub-Saharan Africa: Issues, Opportunities, and Strategic Options 

    Indumathie Hewawasam and Bernice McLean, with contributions from Leopoldo Maraboli and Magnus Ngoile


    Biliana Cicin-Sain is Professor of Marine Policy and Director, Gerard J. Mangone Center for Marine Policy, University of Delaware, USA, and President of the Global Ocean Forum. 

    David L. VanderZwaag is Professor of Law and the Canada Research Chair in Ocean Law and Governance, Marine and Environmental Law Institute, Dalhousie University, Canada. 

    Miriam C. Balgos is Associate Scientist, Gerard J. Mangone Center for Marine Policy, University of Delaware, USA, and Program Coordinator for the Global Ocean Forum.