This handbook provides a comprehensive global survey of the politics of technology. Written by an outstanding line-up of distinguished scholars in the field, the handbook covers all aspects of the relationship between politics and technology including:
- demand and support for new technologies and innovation by the state;
- the effects of technology policies;
- technology development and innovation difference between various countries and regions;
- policy instruments and techno-industrial innovation;
- dynamism and change as outcomes of government policies;
- driving forces for science and innovative development;
skills, education and human capital.
Forming the basis of this handbook are examples of regional development, country studies and a rich variety of technologies, as well as topical issues such as divergent political interests in relation to technology and the economic exploitation of technologies. Employing a comparative and interdisciplinary approach in order to analyse the interplay between government activities and the development of new technologies, this handbook will be an invaluable resource for all students, scholars and practitioners working in the politics of technology, public policy and policy analysis.
Table of Contents
Introduction: 1. Introduction, by Ulrich Hilpert PART I: Dynamic development and the role of the state: demand and support for new technologies and innovation 2. Transatlantic comparison of continental innovation models. A differentiation of regionalised processes of innovation in Europe and the US, by Desmond Hickie and Ulrich Hilpert 3. Technology and socio-economic development in the long run. A "long wave"-perspective, by Walter Scherrer 4. Recognizing opportunities for S&T workforce development and productivity. The gendered resource, by Connie L. McNeely and Laurie A. Schintler 5. Branding the innovation place. Managing the soft infrastructure of innovation, by Nicola Bellini and Cecilia Pasquinelli PART II: Effects of technology policies: regional situations and how they form innovative networks 6. Universities, revolutions and continuity in regional innovation policies in Europe, by Rupert Waters and Helen Lawton Smith 7. Local clusters and global networks. The role of different dimensions of proximity, by Stefano Usai, Emanuela Marrocu and Raffaele Paci 8. The regional innovation paradox revisited, by Robert Hassink and Pedro Marques 9. The role of universities in the evolution of technology-based economic development policies in the United States, by Chris Briem and Vijai Singh PART III:Enabling government policies: technology development and innovation difference between innovative countries and regions10. Diversities and disparities in regional development. The role of culture, by Ulrich Hilpert 11. Explaining differences in the adaptability of old industrial areas, by Xiaohui Hu and Robert Hassink 12. Chinese geographical based innovation clustering. Major driving forces and their functions, by Xiangdong Chen, Xin Niu and Li-Si Song 13. Putting Singapore in the global innovation map. The shifting role of the state in the rapidly changing environment, by Lai Si Tsui-Auch, Sherwin Ignatius Chia and Anica Liu PART IV: Policy instruments: how to realise techno-industrial innovation 14. Governmental policies and technological innovation. Biotechnology and fast breeder reactor technology revisited, by Cornelia Fraune 15. Korean government and science and technology development, by Sunyang Chung 16. 21st century universities as drivers for innovation. The dimensions of learning, research, and collaboration, by Paul M.A. Baker, Shiri Breznitz, Art Seavey and Keith R. Bujak 17. Regional innovation policy and public-private partnerships, by Iryna Kristensen, Ronald W. McQuaid and Walter Scherrer 18. Ecosystems of open innovation. Their applicability to the growth and the development of economies within small countries and regions, by Bill O’Gorman and Willie Donnelly PART V: Effects of new technologies: dynamism and change as outcomes of government policies 19. Metropolitan locations in international high-tech networks. Collaboration and exchange of creative labour as a basis for advanced socio-economic development, by Ulrich Hilpert 20. Governance of biofuel production in the United States, by Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen and Peter Kedron 21. Competition in international automotive and aerospace technologies, by Desmond Hickie 22. Nanotechnology for green and sustainable growth. A recent example on the co-evolutionary development of a technology, by Oliver Pfirrmann, Heinrich Stephan and Eva Schindler PART VI: Important players and driving forces for science and innovative development: stability and change 23. The politics of technological innovation. The case of US solar industry, by Joseph S. Szyliowicz and James M. Ohi 24. Clusters, unlike diamonds, are not forever. The European way to global competition, by Alberto Bramanti 25. Institutional transformations of technology policy in East Asia. The rise of the entrepreneurial state, by Alexander Ebner 26. China’s path towards becoming a major world player in science and technology, by Xiaming Liu 27. Scientists' motivation to innovate, catch-up and collaborate. A trans-disciplinary perspective, by Saradindu Bhaduri PART VII: Methods: How to analyse the role of the state and enabling policies: comparative research and interdisciplinary design 28. Innovation policies deserve a sound monitoring system. An agenda for policy makers, by Alberto Bramanti 29. Outcomes-oriented innovation policy design. An analytic-diagnostic framework, by Sami Mahroum 30. Assessing the impact of knowledge transfer policies. An international comparison of models and indicators of universities’ knowledge transfer performance, by Ainurul Rosli and Federica Rossi 31. Simulations in politics and technology. Innovation policies in the field of photovoltaic cells, by Simon Hegelich Conclusions: 32. Conclusions. New phenomena and advanced analysis – exploring variations for a deeper understanding of a rich diversity of technologies and innovations, by Ulrich Hilpert
Ulrich Hilpert is Professor of Comparative Government at Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany. He is also a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences (AcSS), visiting professor at a dozen universities in Europe and the US, Chairman of the IPSA Research Council on Science and Politics, consultant to the EU and a number of national and regional governments, labour unions and business organisations.