1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Proxy Wars

Edited By Assaf Moghadam, Vladimir Rauta, Michel Wyss Copyright 2023
    476 Pages 21 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This Handbook is the first volume to comprehensively examine the challenges, intricacies, and dynamics of proxy wars, in their various facets.

    The volume aims to capture the significantly growing interest in the topic at a critical juncture when wars of many guises are becoming multifaceted proxy wars. Most often, proxy wars have wide-ranging implications for international security and are, therefore, a critically important subject of inquiry. The Handbook seeks to understand and explain proxy wars conceptually, theoretically, and empirically, with a focus on the numerous policy challenges and dilemmas they pose. To do so, it presents a multi- and interdisciplinary assessment of proxy wars focused on the causes, dynamics, and processes underpinning the phenomenon, across time and space and a multitude of actors throughout human history. The Handbook is divided into six thematic sections, as follows:

    Part I: Approaches to the Study of Proxy Wars

    Part II: Historical Perspectives on Proxy Wars

    Part III: Actors in Proxy Wars

    Part IV: Dynamics of Proxy Wars

    Part V: Case Studies of Proxy Wars

    Part VI: The Future of Proxy Wars

    By bringing together many leading scholars in a synthesis of expertise, this Handbook provides a unique and rigorous account of research into proxy war, which so far has been largely missing from the debate.

    This book will be of much interest to students of strategic studies, security studies, foreign policy, political violence, and International Relations.

    1. The Study of Proxy Wars

    Assaf Moghadam, Vladimir Rauta, and Michel Wyss


    2. Causal Logics of Proxy Wars

    Matthew Wiger and Kyle Atwell

    3. Quantitative Approaches to Proxy Wars

    Vanessa Meier

    4. Formal Theory and Proxy Wars

    Alexandra Chinchilla

    5. State Sponsorship of Terrorism and Proxy Wars

    Hannah Chesterton and Tricia Bacon

    6. Covert Action and Proxy Wars

    Magda Long

    7. International Law and Proxy Wars: A Critical Assessment 

    Daphné Richemond-Barak

    8. Politics, Positionality, and Colonial Persistence in Proxy Wars

    Anna A. Meier and Layla E. Picard


    9. Proxy Wars in History: A Longue Durée Perspective

    Geraint Hughes

    10. Proxy Wars in the Interwar Period: The Spanish Civil War

    Giuseppe Spatafora

    11. Proxy Wars and the Cold War: An East-West Perspective

    Yaacov Falkov

    12. The Historical Evolution of Proxy Wars: 1945-2022

    Alexandra Stark


    13. Militias and Proxy Wars

    Ben Hammett and Vladimir Rauta

    14. Tribes and Proxy Wars

    Haian Dukhan and Francesco Belcastro

    15. Organized Crime and Proxy Wars

    Colin P. Clarke and Phil Williams

    16. Diasporas and Proxy Wars

    Sara Daub


    17. Controlling Proxies: An Analytical Framework

    Sara Plana

    18. Engaging Proxies: A US Perspective

    Liam Collins and Alex Deep

    19. Arming Proxies: Ethical and Legal Dilemmas

    Laurie R. Blank

    20. Confronting Proxies

    Amos C. Fox

    21. Proxy War Termination

    Niklas Karlén

    22. Consequences of Proxy Wars

    Andrew Mumford


    23. Proxy Wars in Africa

    Erin Kimball Damman and Christopher Day

    24. Proxy Wars in the Horn of Africa

    Hilary Matfess and Terrence Lyons

    25. Proxy Wars in the Middle East

    Shahram Akbarzadeh and William Gourlay

    26. Iran’s Proxy War Strategy

    Nakissa Jahanbani and Suzanne Weedon Levy

    27. Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Units

    Inna Rudolf

    28. Proxy War Dynamics in Yemen

    Gregory Johnsen and Thomas Juneau

    29. Proxy Wars in the Post-Soviet Space

    Andrew S. Bowen

    30. Proxy Wars in South Asia

    Abbas Farasoo and Farkhondeh Akbari

    31. Proxy Wars in Latin America

    Jorge Mantilla


    32. Proxy Wars in Cyber-Space

    Kerstin Zettl-Schabath

    33. Proxy Wars and Strategic Competition

    Frank G. Hoffman and Andrew Orner

    34. The Return of Great Power Proxy Wars?

    Erin K. Jenne and David S. Siroky


    Assaf Moghadam is the Dean of the Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy at Reichman University. He holds fellowships at the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point and the Center on National Security at Fordham Law School.

    Vladimir Rauta is a lecturer in politics and international relations with the School of Politics, Economics, and International Relations at the University of Reading, United Kingdom.

    Michel Wyss is a scientific assistant at the Military Academy at ETH Zurich and a doctoral candidate at Leiden University. He also serves as a specialist officer in the Swiss Armed Forces.

    'The Routledge Handbook of Proxy Wars will be the go-to guide for understanding the many facets of proxy wars today and of those in the past. Assaf Moghadam, Vladimir Rauta, and Michel Wyss have brought together a wide range of established and emerging experts who assess the problem from multiple perspectives and offer numerous insights to one of today's most pressing challenges.'

    Daniel Byman, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA


    'A definitive compendium of essays on proxy warfare from the historical, legal, political and theoretical perspectives, The Routledge Handbook of Proxy Wars will doubtless prove to be the seminal work in a field whose time has come. Together these articles build an indispensable foundation not only for understanding the many-faceted phenomenon of proxy warfare but for anticipating the future challenges it may pose.’

    Karen Greenberg, Fordham University, USA


    'Fighting the conflicts of others is a phenomenon that has accompanied humanity throughout the ages. This wonderful collection offers readers a comprehensive overview, as well as thought-provoking insights into the past, present and future of proxy wars. With their specific logics, relationships and processes, proxy wars, as the authors rightly argue, deserve to be considered as a mature field of academic investigation. This handbook provides a benchmark, and therefore deserves high praise.'  

    Isabelle Duyvesteyn, Professor of International Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands