2nd Edition

Routledge Handbook of Transnational Organized Crime

Edited By Felia Allum, Stan Gilmour Copyright 2022
    622 Pages 18 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    622 Pages 18 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This fully revised new edition provides a definitive and holistic overview of Transnational Organized Crime (TOC) in a world in which right wing populism has gained ground, trade wars are increasing, climate change is a reality and Covid poses a challenge for years to come.

    Updated to reflect the changing world environment, the book includes new chapters on issues such as criminal network analysis, environmental crime, cybercrime, people smuggling, drugs activities in the modern world, the relationship between organized crime and corruption, anti-organized crime resilience and the effectiveness of the fight against organized crime. New country case studies have also been included. The handbook is presented in six sections:

    • Concepts, theories and laws

    • Origins and manifestations

    • Contagion and evolution

    • Intensity and impact

    • Governance

    • Reaction and future  

    Truly interdisciplinary in nature, the handbook features contributions from an international team of experts, working in different academic disciplines and within varied law enforcement agencies. It will appeal to scholars, policymakers and practitioners in International Law, Global Governance, International Political Economy and Security Studies.


    Felia Allum and Stan Gilmour

    PART I Concepts, theories and laws

    Chapter 1 Reflections on Transnational organized crime as a security concept

    Helena Farrand Carrapico

    Chapter 2 Transnational criminal networks

    David Bright and Aadrian Leiva

    Chapter 3 Transnational organized crime: a survey of laws, policies and international conventions

    Joseph Wheatley

    PART II Origins and manifestations

    Chapter 4 The many faces of organized crime in Europe and its assessment.

    Tom Vander Beken and Jelle Janssens

    Chapter 5 The past and present of transnational organized crime in America

    Michael Woodiwiss and Mary Young

    Chapter 6 Transnational organized crime and corruption in Russia

    Serguei Cheloukhine, Vitaliy Khan and Nessibeli Kalkaeva

    Chapter 7 Nigerian organized crime

    Stephen Ellis

    Chapter 8 Vietnamese organized crime

    David Silverstone

    Chapter 9 Black societies and triad-like organized crime in China

    Roderick Broadhurst and Lena Zhong

    PART III Contagion and Evolution

    Chapter 10 The economic geographies of transnational organised crime

    Tim Hall and Rod Hudson

    Chapter 11 The practice of transnational organized crime

    Klaus Von Lampe

    Chapter 12 Horizon scanning of global drug markets

    James Windle

    Chapter 13 The human trafficking-organised crime nexus

    Alexis A Aronowitz and M. E Veldhuizen

    Chapter 14 Foundations and evolution of the crime-terror nexus

    Tamara Makarenko

    Chapter 15 Transnational organised environmental crime

    Lieselot Bisschop and Karin van Wingerde

    Chapter 16 Responding to transnational organized crimes: ‘follow the money’

    Margaret Beare

    Part IV Intensity and Impact

    Chapter 17 Transnational organised crime and the global village

    Kelly Hignett

    Chapter 18 Cybercrime and transnational organised criminal activity

    David Wall

    Chapter 19 Ethnicity, mobility and transnational organized crime

    Jana Arsovska

    Chapter 20 Women and transnational organized crime: the ambiguous case of the Italian mafias

    Alessandra Dino

    Part V Governance

    Chapter 21 Italians mafias and the Antimafia movement

    Jane Schneider and Peter Schneider

    Chapter 22 Human rights and the policing of transnational organized crime

    Robert Currie and Sarah Douglas

    Chapter 23 Rethinking migrant smuggling through data

    Gabriella Sanchez

    Chapter 24 The State Before Criminal Firearms

    Alessandra Russo and Francesco Buscemi

    Chapter 25 Cyber’ – the ‘Digital’ Gold for Nigerian criminals

    Sheelagh Brady

    Chapter 26 Go with the Flow and Undo the Knots: ‘Nodal’ Policing Against TOC

    Monica Den Boer

    Chapter 27 Corruption and transnational organised crime

    Heather Marquette and Caryn Peiffer

    PART VI Reaction and Future

    Chapter 28 Community resilience to organized crime: building back better

    Siria Gastelum and Ian Tennant

    Chapter 29 The fight against transnational organised crime in Italy: What can we learn?

    Armando D’Alterio and Attilio Scaglione

    Chapter 30 The European Union and its strategy against Serious transnational crime (2021-2025)

    Cyrille Fijnaut

    Chapter 31 The fight against transnational organized crime in Russia

    Alesandra Orlova

    Chapter 32 The threat of harm by transnational organized criminals: a US perspective

    David A. Marvelli and James O. Finckenauer

    Chapter 33 The global fight against TOC: evolution of approaches and their effectiveness

    Mark Shaw and Tuesday Reitano


    Felia Allum is Senior Lecturer in politics and Italian at the University of Bath, UK, and currently a Leverhulme Major Research Fellow (2018-2022).

    Stan Gilmour holds a degree in criminology and politics and an MSc in criminology and criminal justice from the University of Oxford, UK. He is Senior Police Officer at Thames Valley Police, UK, and has led serious and complex criminal investigations and worked on capacity-building programmes in the UK and overseas.