Routledge Handbook of Water and Health  book cover
1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Water and Health

Edited By

Jamie Bartram

ISBN 9781138910072
Published October 5, 2015 by Routledge
750 Pages 152 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This comprehensive handbook provides an authoritative source of information on global water and health, suitable for interdisciplinary teaching for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students. It covers both developing and developed country concerns.

It is organized into sections covering: hazards (including disease, chemicals and other contaminants); exposure; interventions; intervention implementation; distal influences; policies and their implementation; investigative tools; and historic cases. It offers 71 analytical and engaging chapters, each representing a session of teaching or graduate seminar.

Written by a team of expert authors from around the world, many of whom are actively teaching the subject, the book provides a thorough and balanced overview of current knowledge, issues and relevant debates, integrating information from the environmental, health and social sciences.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction 

Jamie Bartram and Rachel Baum 

Part 1: Water-related Hazards 

2. Introduction: Water-related Hazards 

Stéphanie McFadyen and William Robertson 

3. Bradley Classification of Disease Transmission Routes for Water-related Hazards 

Jamie Bartram and Paul Hunter 

4. Waterborne and Water-washed Disease 

Mark D. Sobsey 

5. Water-based Disease and Microbial Growth 

Charles P. Gerba and Gordon Nichols 

6. Water Related Insect Vectors of Disease 

Arne Bomblies 

7. Health Impacts of Water Carriage 

Jo-Anne Geere 

8. Hazards from Legionella 

Richard Bentham 

9. Toxic Cyanobacteria 

Ron W. Zurawell 

10. Chemical Hazards 

Lisa Smeester, Andrew E. Yosim and Rebecca C. Fry 

11. Radionuclides in Water 

R. William Field 

Part 2: Sources of Exposure 

12. Introduction to Exposure Pathways 

Katherine Pond 

13. Drinking Water Contamination 

Christine Stauber and Lisa Casanova 

14. Recreational Water Contamination 

Marc Verhougstraete, Jonathan Sexton and Kelly Reynolds 

15. Water and Foodborne Contamination 

Timothy R. Julian and Kellogg J. Schwab 

16. Waterborne Zoonoses 

Victor Gannon and Chad R. Laing 

Part 3: Interventions (What do we do to Reduce Exposure) 

17. Introduction: Interventions to Reduce Water-related Disease 

Katherine Pond, Susan Murcott and David M. Gute 

18. Drinking Water Supply 

Jamie Bartram and Samuel Godfrey 

19. Drinking Water Treatment 

Donald Reid 

20. Wastewater Treatment 

Laura Sima 

21. Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage 

Maria Elena Figueroa and D. Lawrence Kincaid 

22. Water for Hygiene 

Aidan A. Cronin and Therese Dooley 

23. Water Safety Plans 

Katrina Charles 

24. System Maintenance and Sustainability 

Neil S. Grigg 

25. Managing Chemical Hazards 

Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson and Nicholas DeFelice 

Part 4: Implementing Interventions 

26. Introduction: Settings-based Approaches 

Laura Linnan and Anna Grummon 

27. Household-focused Interventions 

Daniele Lantagne and David M. Gute 

28. Water in Schools 

Matthew C. Freeman 

29. Water and Hydration in the Workplace 

Bonnie Rogers and Susan Randolph 

30. Healthcare Settings 

Martin Exner 

31. Water Supply in Rural Settings 

Sara J. Marks and Kellogg J. Schwab 

32. Integrated Urban Water Management 

Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy, Jochen Eckart, Kebreab Ghebremichael and Seneshaw Tsegaye 

Part 5: Distal Influences 

33. Introduction: Distal Influences 

David M. Gute 

34. Water Scarcity 

Sarah Bell 

35. Climate Change 

Katrina Charles 

36. Poverty 

Leo Heller and Sandy Cairncross 

37. Emergencies and Disasters 

Andy Bastable and Ben Harvey 

38. Population and Demographics 

Carl Haub 

39. Water Re-use 

Choon Nam Ong 

40. War and Conflict 

Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel 

Part 6: Policies and their Implementation 

41. Introduction: Policies and Regulations on Water and Health 

Michael J. Rouse 

42. Integrated Water Resources Management 

Kebreab Ghebremichael, Jochen Eckart, Krishna Khatri and Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy 

43. International Policy 

Jamie Bartram, Georgia Kayser, Bruce Gordon and Felix Dodds 

44. Drinking Water Quality Regulations 

Katrina Charles and Katherine Pond 

45. Recreational Outdoor Water Regulations 

Julie Kinzelman 

46. Swimming Pool Regulations 

Katherine Pond and Lowell Lewis 

47. Wastewater Regulations 

Laura Sima 

48. Water Charges and Subsidies 

Richard Franceys 

49. Water Exchange Systems 

Srinivas Sridharan, Dani J. Barrington and Stephen Saunders 

50. Information in Water and Health 

Pamela Furniss 

51. The Human Rights Framework for Water Services 

Inga T. Winkler and Virginia Roaf 

52. Menstrual Hygiene Management and WASH 

Marni Sommer and Bethany A. Caruso 

53. Health Impact Assessment 

Lorna Fewtrell 

Part 7: Investigative Tools 

54. Section Introduction: Investigative Tools 

David Kay 

55. Epidemiology 

Karin Yeatts 

56. Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment 

Gertjan Medema 

57. Burden of Disease Assessment 

Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson 

58. Water Monitoring and Testing 

Huw Taylor 

59. Indicators of Microbial Quality 

Joe Brown and Phillip Grammer 

60. Pollutant Transport Modelling 

David Kay 

61. GIS and Spatial Analysis 

Jim Wright 

62. Demand Assessment and Valuation 

Marc Jeuland 

63. Cost-benefit Analysis and Cost-effectiveness Analysis 

Marc Jeuland 

Part 8: Learning from History 

64. Section Introduction: Learning from History 

Peter A. Coclanis 

65. Cholera Epidemic in Hamburg, Germany 1892 

Martin Exner 

66. The Discovery of the Aetiology of Cholera, Robert Koch, 1883 

Martin Exner 

67. Dr. John Snow and the Broad Street Pump 

Rosalind Stanwell-Smith 

68. The Arsenic Crisis in Bangladesh 

Christine Marie George 

69. Walkerton – Systemic Flaws Allow a Fatal Outbreak 

Steve Hrudey and Elizabeth J. Hrudey 

70. Milwaukee and the Cryptosporidium Outbreak of 1993 

M. Stephen Gradus 

71. Edwin Chadwick and the Public Health Act 1848 – Principal Architect of Sanitary Reform 

Martin Exner

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Jamie Bartram is Director of The Water Institute and Don and Jennifer Holzworth Distinguished Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering at the Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. 

Associate Editors: Rachel Baum (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA), Peter A. Coclanis (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA), David M. Gute (Tufts University, USA), David Kay (University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK), Stéphanie McFadyen (Health Canada, Canada), Katherine Pond (University of Surrey, UK), William Robertson (Water Microbiology Consultant, Canada), and Michael J. Rouse (Independent International Consultant on Water Industry, UK).


The knowledge that water makes up approximately 60 percent of a human body indicates that life truly cannot exist without water. Writings of Hippocrates, as early as 400 BCE, detailed a connection between water and health. The first chapter of this book includes a chronological account of advances in water treatment that predate the germ theory and awareness of aesthetic and environmental hazards associated with water. Contributions to this volume are divided into eight major themes, which are then augmented, detailed, and embellished by a series of generally short paragraphs. These themes include water hazards, exposure pathways, interventions, tools used for investigation, and lessons learned from history. Water-based diseases are presented in multiple-page charts in chapter 5. Summary treatment charts include water toxins, hazards, and technologies. A historical retrospective on the 1854 investigation of the London cholera epidemic by Dr. John Snow is included, as Dr. Snow’s revelation connecting the Broad Street pump and the cholera outbreak is considered one of the greatest medical achievements. A map and a picture of the historic Broad Street pump are prominently included. Overall, the book’s chapters range from trivial to profound, but the references are replete for most submissions.
--R. M. Ferguson, Eastern Connecticut State University, March 2017 issue of CHOICE