1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Water and Health

Edited By Jamie Bartram Copyright 2015
    750 Pages 152 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    750 Pages 152 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This comprehensive handbook provides an authoritative source of information on global water and health, suitable for interdisciplinary teaching for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students. It covers both developing and developed country concerns.

    It is organized into sections covering: hazards (including disease, chemicals and other contaminants); exposure; interventions; intervention implementation; distal influences; policies and their implementation; investigative tools; and historic cases. It offers 71 analytical and engaging chapters, each representing a session of teaching or graduate seminar.

    Written by a team of expert authors from around the world, many of whom are actively teaching the subject, the book provides a thorough and balanced overview of current knowledge, issues and relevant debates, integrating information from the environmental, health and social sciences.

    1. Introduction 

    Jamie Bartram and Rachel Baum 

    Part 1: Water-related Hazards 

    2. Introduction: Water-related Hazards 

    Stéphanie McFadyen and William Robertson 

    3. Bradley Classification of Disease Transmission Routes for Water-related Hazards 

    Jamie Bartram and Paul Hunter 

    4. Waterborne and Water-washed Disease 

    Mark D. Sobsey 

    5. Water-based Disease and Microbial Growth 

    Charles P. Gerba and Gordon Nichols 

    6. Water Related Insect Vectors of Disease 

    Arne Bomblies 

    7. Health Impacts of Water Carriage 

    Jo-Anne Geere 

    8. Hazards from Legionella 

    Richard Bentham 

    9. Toxic Cyanobacteria 

    Ron W. Zurawell 

    10. Chemical Hazards 

    Lisa Smeester, Andrew E. Yosim and Rebecca C. Fry 

    11. Radionuclides in Water 

    R. William Field 

    Part 2: Sources of Exposure 

    12. Introduction to Exposure Pathways 

    Katherine Pond 

    13. Drinking Water Contamination 

    Christine Stauber and Lisa Casanova 

    14. Recreational Water Contamination 

    Marc Verhougstraete, Jonathan Sexton and Kelly Reynolds 

    15. Water and Foodborne Contamination 

    Timothy R. Julian and Kellogg J. Schwab 

    16. Waterborne Zoonoses 

    Victor Gannon and Chad R. Laing 

    Part 3: Interventions (What do we do to Reduce Exposure) 

    17. Introduction: Interventions to Reduce Water-related Disease 

    Katherine Pond, Susan Murcott and David M. Gute 

    18. Drinking Water Supply 

    Jamie Bartram and Samuel Godfrey 

    19. Drinking Water Treatment 

    Donald Reid 

    20. Wastewater Treatment 

    Laura Sima 

    21. Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage 

    Maria Elena Figueroa and D. Lawrence Kincaid 

    22. Water for Hygiene 

    Aidan A. Cronin and Therese Dooley 

    23. Water Safety Plans 

    Katrina Charles 

    24. System Maintenance and Sustainability 

    Neil S. Grigg 

    25. Managing Chemical Hazards 

    Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson and Nicholas DeFelice 

    Part 4: Implementing Interventions 

    26. Introduction: Settings-based Approaches 

    Laura Linnan and Anna Grummon 

    27. Household-focused Interventions 

    Daniele Lantagne and David M. Gute 

    28. Water in Schools 

    Matthew C. Freeman 

    29. Water and Hydration in the Workplace 

    Bonnie Rogers and Susan Randolph 

    30. Healthcare Settings 

    Martin Exner 

    31. Water Supply in Rural Settings 

    Sara J. Marks and Kellogg J. Schwab 

    32. Integrated Urban Water Management 

    Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy, Jochen Eckart, Kebreab Ghebremichael and Seneshaw Tsegaye 

    Part 5: Distal Influences 

    33. Introduction: Distal Influences 

    David M. Gute 

    34. Water Scarcity 

    Sarah Bell 

    35. Climate Change 

    Katrina Charles 

    36. Poverty 

    Leo Heller and Sandy Cairncross 

    37. Emergencies and Disasters 

    Andy Bastable and Ben Harvey 

    38. Population and Demographics 

    Carl Haub 

    39. Water Re-use 

    Choon Nam Ong 

    40. War and Conflict 

    Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel 

    Part 6: Policies and their Implementation 

    41. Introduction: Policies and Regulations on Water and Health 

    Michael J. Rouse 

    42. Integrated Water Resources Management 

    Kebreab Ghebremichael, Jochen Eckart, Krishna Khatri and Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy 

    43. International Policy 

    Jamie Bartram, Georgia Kayser, Bruce Gordon and Felix Dodds 

    44. Drinking Water Quality Regulations 

    Katrina Charles and Katherine Pond 

    45. Recreational Outdoor Water Regulations 

    Julie Kinzelman 

    46. Swimming Pool Regulations 

    Katherine Pond and Lowell Lewis 

    47. Wastewater Regulations 

    Laura Sima 

    48. Water Charges and Subsidies 

    Richard Franceys 

    49. Water Exchange Systems 

    Srinivas Sridharan, Dani J. Barrington and Stephen Saunders 

    50. Information in Water and Health 

    Pamela Furniss 

    51. The Human Rights Framework for Water Services 

    Inga T. Winkler and Virginia Roaf 

    52. Menstrual Hygiene Management and WASH 

    Marni Sommer and Bethany A. Caruso 

    53. Health Impact Assessment 

    Lorna Fewtrell 

    Part 7: Investigative Tools 

    54. Section Introduction: Investigative Tools 

    David Kay 

    55. Epidemiology 

    Karin Yeatts 

    56. Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment 

    Gertjan Medema 

    57. Burden of Disease Assessment 

    Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson 

    58. Water Monitoring and Testing 

    Huw Taylor 

    59. Indicators of Microbial Quality 

    Joe Brown and Phillip Grammer 

    60. Pollutant Transport Modelling 

    David Kay 

    61. GIS and Spatial Analysis 

    Jim Wright 

    62. Demand Assessment and Valuation 

    Marc Jeuland 

    63. Cost-benefit Analysis and Cost-effectiveness Analysis 

    Marc Jeuland 

    Part 8: Learning from History 

    64. Section Introduction: Learning from History 

    Peter A. Coclanis 

    65. Cholera Epidemic in Hamburg, Germany 1892 

    Martin Exner 

    66. The Discovery of the Aetiology of Cholera, Robert Koch, 1883 

    Martin Exner 

    67. Dr. John Snow and the Broad Street Pump 

    Rosalind Stanwell-Smith 

    68. The Arsenic Crisis in Bangladesh 

    Christine Marie George 

    69. Walkerton – Systemic Flaws Allow a Fatal Outbreak 

    Steve Hrudey and Elizabeth J. Hrudey 

    70. Milwaukee and the Cryptosporidium Outbreak of 1993 

    M. Stephen Gradus 

    71. Edwin Chadwick and the Public Health Act 1848 – Principal Architect of Sanitary Reform 

    Martin Exner


    Jamie Bartram is Director of The Water Institute and Don and Jennifer Holzworth Distinguished Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering at the Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. 

    Associate Editors: Rachel Baum (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA), Peter A. Coclanis (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA), David M. Gute (Tufts University, USA), David Kay (University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK), Stéphanie McFadyen (Health Canada, Canada), Katherine Pond (University of Surrey, UK), William Robertson (Water Microbiology Consultant, Canada), and Michael J. Rouse (Independent International Consultant on Water Industry, UK).

    The knowledge that water makes up approximately 60 percent of a human body indicates that life truly cannot exist without water. Writings of Hippocrates, as early as 400 BCE, detailed a connection between water and health. The first chapter of this book includes a chronological account of advances in water treatment that predate the germ theory and awareness of aesthetic and environmental hazards associated with water. Contributions to this volume are divided into eight major themes, which are then augmented, detailed, and embellished by a series of generally short paragraphs. These themes include water hazards, exposure pathways, interventions, tools used for investigation, and lessons learned from history. Water-based diseases are presented in multiple-page charts in chapter 5. Summary treatment charts include water toxins, hazards, and technologies. A historical retrospective on the 1854 investigation of the London cholera epidemic by Dr. John Snow is included, as Dr. Snow’s revelation connecting the Broad Street pump and the cholera outbreak is considered one of the greatest medical achievements. A map and a picture of the historic Broad Street pump are prominently included. Overall, the book’s chapters range from trivial to profound, but the references are replete for most submissions.
    --R. M. Ferguson, Eastern Connecticut State University, March 2017 issue of CHOICE