This comprehensive handbook provides an authoritative source of information on global water and health, suitable for interdisciplinary teaching for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students. It covers both developing and developed country concerns.
It is organized into sections covering: hazards (including disease, chemicals and other contaminants); exposure; interventions; intervention implementation; distal influences; policies and their implementation; investigative tools; and historic cases. It offers 71 analytical and engaging chapters, each representing a session of teaching or graduate seminar.
Written by a team of expert authors from around the world, many of whom are actively teaching the subject, the book provides a thorough and balanced overview of current knowledge, issues and relevant debates, integrating information from the environmental, health and social sciences.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction Jamie Bartram and Rachel Baum Part 1: Water-related Hazards 2. Introduction: Water-related Hazards Stéphanie McFadyen and William Robertson 3. Bradley Classification of Disease Transmission Route for Water-related Hazards Jamie Bartram and Paul Hunter 4. Waterborne and Water-washed Disease Mark D. Sobsey 5. Water-based Disease and Microbial Growth Charles P. Gerba and Gordon Nichols 6. Water Related Insect Vectors of Disease Arne Bomblies 7. Health Impacts of Water Carriage Jo-Anne Geere 8. Hazards from Legionella Richard Bentham 9. Toxic Cyanobacteria Ron W. Zurawell 10. Chemical Hazards Lisa Smeester, Andrew E. Yosim and Rebecca C. Fry 11. Radionuclides in Water R. William Field Part 2: Sources of Exposure 12. Introduction: Exposure Pathways Katherine Pond 13. Drinking Water Contamination Christine Stauber and Lisa Casanova 14. Recreational Water Contamination Marc Verhougstraete, Jonathan Sexton and Kelly Reynolds 15. Water and Foodborne Contamination Timothy R. Julian and Kellogg J. Schwab 16. Waterborne Zoonoses Victor Gannon and Chad R. Laing Part 3: Interventions (What do we do to Reduce Exposure) 17. Introduction: Interventions to Reduce Water-related Disease Katherine Pond, David M. Gute and Susan Murcot 18. Drinking Water Supply Jamie Bartram and Samuel Godfrey 19. Drinking Water Treatment Donald Reid 20. Wastewater Treatment Laura Sima 21. Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage Maria Elena Figueroa and D. Lawrence Kincaid 22. Water for Hygiene Aidan A. Cronin and Therese Dooley 23. Water Safety Plans Katrina Charles 24. System Maintenance and Sustainability Neil S. Grigg 25. Managing Chemical Hazards Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson and Nicholas DeFelice Part 4: Implementing Interventions 26. Introduction: Settings-based Approaches Laura Linnan and Anna Grummon 27. Household-focused Interventions Daniele Lantagne and David M. Gute 28. Water in Schools Matthew C. Freeman 29. Water and Hydration in the Workplace Bonnie Rogers and Susan Randolph 30. Healthcare Settings Martin Exner 31. Water Supply in Rural Settings Sara J. Marks and Kellogg J. Schwab 32. Integrated Urban Water Management Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy, Jochen Eckart, Kebreab Ghebremichael and Seneshaw Tsegaye Part 5: Distal Influences 33. Introduction: Distal Influences David M. Gute 34. Water Scarcity Sarah Bell 35. Climate Change Katrina Charles 36. Poverty Leo Heller and Sandy Cairncross 37. Emergencies and Disasters Andy Bastable and Ben Harvey 38. Population and Demographics Carl Haub 39. Water Re-use Choon Nam Ong 40. War and Conflict Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel Part 6: Policies and their Implementation 41. Introduction: Policies and Regulations on Water and Health Michael Rouse 42. Integrated Water Resources Management Kebreab Ghebremichael, Jochen Eckart, Krishna Khatri and Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy 43. International Policy Jamie Bartram, Georgia Kayser, Bruce Gordon and Felix Dodds 44. Drinking Water Quality Regulations Katrina Charles and Kathy Pond 45. Recreational Outdoor Water Regulations Julie Kinzelman 46. Swimming Pool Regulations Kathy Pond and Lowell Lewis 47. Wastewater Regulations Laura Sima 48. Water Charges and Subsidies Richard Franceys 49. Water Exchange Systems Srinivas Sridharan, Dani J. Barrington and Stephen Saunders 50. Information in Water and Health Pamela Furniss 51. The Human Rights Framework for Water Services Inga T. Winkler and Virginia Roaf 52. Menstrual Hygiene Management and WASH Marni Sommer and Bethany A. Caruso 53. Health Impact Assessment Lorna Fewtrell Part 7: Investigative Tools 54. Section Introduction: Investigative Tools David Kay 55. Epidemiology Karin Yeatts 56. Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment Gertjan Medema 57. Burden of Disease Assessment Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson 58. Water Monitoring and Testing Huw Taylor 59. Indicators of Microbial Quality Joe Brown and Phillip Grammer 60. Pollutant Transport Modelling David Kay 61. GIS and Spatial Analysis Jim Wright 62. Demand Assessment and Valuation Marc Jeuland 63. Cost-benefit Analysis and Cost-effectiveness Analysis Marc Jeuland Part 8: Learning from History 64. Section Introduction: Learning from History Peter A. Coclanis 65. Cholera Epidemic in Hamburg, Germany 1892 Martin Exner 66. The Discovery of the Aetiology of Cholera, Robert Koch, 1883 Martin Exner 67. Dr. John Snow and the Broad Street Pump Rosalind Stanwell-Smith 68. The Arsenic Crisis in Bangladesh Christine Marie George 69. Walkerton – Systemic Flaws Allow a Fatal Outbreak Steve Hrudey and Elizabeth J. Hrudey 70. Milwaukee and the Cryptosporidium Outbreak of 1993 M. Stevne Gradus 71. Edwin Chadwick and the Public Health Act 1848 – Principal Architect of Sanitary Reform Martin Exner
Jamie Bartram is Director of The Water Institute and Don and Jennifer Holzworth Distinguished Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering at the Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.
Associate Editors: Rachel Baum (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA), Peter A. Coclanis (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA), David M. Gute (Tufts University, USA), David Kay (University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK), Stéphanie McFadyen (Health Canada, Canada), Katherine Pond (University of Surrey, UK), William Robertson (Water Microbiology Consultant, Canada), and Michael J. Rouse (Independent International Consultant on Water Industry, UK).
The knowledge that water makes up approximately 60 percent of a human body indicates that life truly cannot exist without water. Writings of Hippocrates, as early as 400 BCE, detailed a connection between water and health. The first chapter of this book includes a chronological account of advances in water treatment that predate the germ theory and awareness of aesthetic and environmental hazards associated with water. Contributions to this volume are divided into eight major themes, which are then augmented, detailed, and embellished by a series of generally short paragraphs. These themes include water hazards, exposure pathways, interventions, tools used for investigation, and lessons learned from history. Water-based diseases are presented in multiple-page charts in chapter 5. Summary treatment charts include water toxins, hazards, and technologies. A historical retrospective on the 1854 investigation of the London cholera epidemic by Dr. John Snow is included, as Dr. Snow’s revelation connecting the Broad Street pump and the cholera outbreak is considered one of the greatest medical achievements. A map and a picture of the historic Broad Street pump are prominently included. Overall, the book’s chapters range from trivial to profound, but the references are replete for most submissions.
--R. M. Ferguson, Eastern Connecticut State University, March 2017 issue of CHOICE