Routledge Handbook of Water and Health  book cover
1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Water and Health

Edited By

Jamie Bartram

ISBN 9781138910072
Published October 5, 2015 by Routledge
750 Pages 152 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This comprehensive handbook provides an authoritative source of information on global water and health, suitable for interdisciplinary teaching for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students. It covers both developing and developed country concerns.

It is organized into sections covering: hazards (including disease, chemicals and other contaminants); exposure; interventions; intervention implementation; distal influences; policies and their implementation; investigative tools; and historic cases. It offers 71 analytical and engaging chapters, each representing a session of teaching or graduate seminar.

Written by a team of expert authors from around the world, many of whom are actively teaching the subject, the book provides a thorough and balanced overview of current knowledge, issues and relevant debates, integrating information from the environmental, health and social sciences.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction  Jamie Bartram and Rachel Baum  Part 1: Water-related Hazards  2. Introduction: Water-related Hazards  Stéphanie McFadyen and William Robertson  3. Bradley Classification of Disease Transmission Route for Water-related Hazards  Jamie Bartram and Paul Hunter  4. Waterborne and Water-washed Disease  Mark D. Sobsey  5. Water-based Disease and Microbial Growth  Charles P. Gerba and Gordon Nichols  6. Water Related Insect Vectors of Disease  Arne Bomblies  7. Health Impacts of Water Carriage  Jo-Anne Geere  8. Hazards from Legionella  Richard Bentham  9. Toxic Cyanobacteria  Ron W. Zurawell  10. Chemical Hazards  Lisa Smeester, Andrew E. Yosim and Rebecca C. Fry  11. Radionuclides in Water  R. William Field  Part 2: Sources of Exposure  12. Introduction: Exposure Pathways  Katherine Pond  13. Drinking Water Contamination  Christine Stauber and Lisa Casanova  14. Recreational Water Contamination  Marc Verhougstraete, Jonathan Sexton and Kelly Reynolds  15. Water and Foodborne Contamination  Timothy R. Julian and Kellogg J. Schwab  16. Waterborne Zoonoses  Victor Gannon and Chad R. Laing  Part 3: Interventions (What do we do to Reduce Exposure)  17. Introduction: Interventions to Reduce Water-related Disease  Katherine Pond, David M. Gute and Susan Murcot  18. Drinking Water Supply  Jamie Bartram and Samuel Godfrey  19. Drinking Water Treatment  Donald Reid  20. Wastewater Treatment  Laura Sima  21. Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage  Maria Elena Figueroa and D. Lawrence Kincaid  22. Water for Hygiene  Aidan A. Cronin and Therese Dooley  23. Water Safety Plans  Katrina Charles  24. System Maintenance and Sustainability  Neil S. Grigg  25. Managing Chemical Hazards  Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson and Nicholas DeFelice  Part 4: Implementing Interventions  26. Introduction: Settings-based Approaches  Laura Linnan and Anna Grummon  27. Household-focused Interventions  Daniele Lantagne and David M. Gute  28. Water in Schools  Matthew C. Freeman  29. Water and Hydration in the Workplace  Bonnie Rogers and Susan Randolph  30. Healthcare Settings  Martin Exner  31. Water Supply in Rural Settings  Sara J. Marks and Kellogg J. Schwab  32. Integrated Urban Water Management  Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy, Jochen Eckart, Kebreab Ghebremichael and Seneshaw Tsegaye  Part 5: Distal Influences  33. Introduction: Distal Influences  David M. Gute  34. Water Scarcity  Sarah Bell  35. Climate Change  Katrina Charles  36. Poverty  Leo Heller and Sandy Cairncross  37. Emergencies and Disasters  Andy Bastable and Ben Harvey  38. Population and Demographics  Carl Haub  39. Water Re-use  Choon Nam Ong  40. War and Conflict  Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel  Part 6: Policies and their Implementation  41. Introduction: Policies and Regulations on Water and Health  Michael Rouse  42. Integrated Water Resources Management  Kebreab Ghebremichael, Jochen Eckart, Krishna Khatri and Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy  43. International Policy  Jamie Bartram, Georgia Kayser, Bruce Gordon and Felix Dodds  44. Drinking Water Quality Regulations  Katrina Charles and Kathy Pond  45. Recreational Outdoor Water Regulations  Julie Kinzelman  46. Swimming Pool Regulations  Kathy Pond and Lowell Lewis  47. Wastewater Regulations  Laura Sima  48. Water Charges and Subsidies  Richard Franceys  49. Water Exchange Systems  Srinivas Sridharan, Dani J. Barrington and Stephen Saunders  50. Information in Water and Health  Pamela Furniss  51. The Human Rights Framework for Water Services  Inga T. Winkler and Virginia Roaf  52. Menstrual Hygiene Management and WASH  Marni Sommer and Bethany A. Caruso  53. Health Impact Assessment  Lorna Fewtrell  Part 7: Investigative Tools  54. Section Introduction: Investigative Tools  David Kay  55. Epidemiology  Karin Yeatts  56. Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment  Gertjan Medema  57. Burden of Disease Assessment  Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson  58. Water Monitoring and Testing  Huw Taylor  59. Indicators of Microbial Quality  Joe Brown and Phillip Grammer  60. Pollutant Transport Modelling  David Kay  61. GIS and Spatial Analysis  Jim Wright  62. Demand Assessment and Valuation  Marc Jeuland  63. Cost-benefit Analysis and Cost-effectiveness Analysis  Marc Jeuland  Part 8: Learning from History  64. Section Introduction: Learning from History  Peter A. Coclanis  65. Cholera Epidemic in Hamburg, Germany 1892  Martin Exner  66. The Discovery of the Aetiology of Cholera, Robert Koch, 1883  Martin Exner  67. Dr. John Snow and the Broad Street Pump  Rosalind Stanwell-Smith  68. The Arsenic Crisis in Bangladesh  Christine Marie George  69. Walkerton – Systemic Flaws Allow a Fatal Outbreak  Steve Hrudey and Elizabeth J. Hrudey  70. Milwaukee and the Cryptosporidium Outbreak of 1993  M. Stevne Gradus  71. Edwin Chadwick and the Public Health Act 1848 – Principal Architect of Sanitary Reform  Martin Exner

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Jamie Bartram is Director of The Water Institute and Don and Jennifer Holzworth Distinguished Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering at the Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. 

Associate Editors: Rachel Baum (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA), Peter A. Coclanis (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA), David M. Gute (Tufts University, USA), David Kay (University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK), Stéphanie McFadyen (Health Canada, Canada), Katherine Pond (University of Surrey, UK), William Robertson (Water Microbiology Consultant, Canada), and Michael J. Rouse (Independent International Consultant on Water Industry, UK).


The knowledge that water makes up approximately 60 percent of a human body indicates that life truly cannot exist without water. Writings of Hippocrates, as early as 400 BCE, detailed a connection between water and health. The first chapter of this book includes a chronological account of advances in water treatment that predate the germ theory and awareness of aesthetic and environmental hazards associated with water. Contributions to this volume are divided into eight major themes, which are then augmented, detailed, and embellished by a series of generally short paragraphs. These themes include water hazards, exposure pathways, interventions, tools used for investigation, and lessons learned from history. Water-based diseases are presented in multiple-page charts in chapter 5. Summary treatment charts include water toxins, hazards, and technologies. A historical retrospective on the 1854 investigation of the London cholera epidemic by Dr. John Snow is included, as Dr. Snow’s revelation connecting the Broad Street pump and the cholera outbreak is considered one of the greatest medical achievements. A map and a picture of the historic Broad Street pump are prominently included. Overall, the book’s chapters range from trivial to profound, but the references are replete for most submissions.
--R. M. Ferguson, Eastern Connecticut State University, March 2017 issue of CHOICE