Routledge Handbook of the Horn of Africa  book cover
1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of the Horn of Africa

Edited By

Jean-Nicolas Bach

ISBN 9781138353992
Published March 31, 2022 by Routledge
776 Pages 25 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The Routledge Handbook of the Horn of Africa provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary survey of contemporary research related to the Horn of Africa.

Situated at the junction of the Sahel-Saharan strip and the Arabian Peninsula, the Horn of Africa is growing in global importance due to demographic growth and the strategic importance of the Suez Canal. Divided into sections on authoritarianism and resistance, religion and politics, migration, economic integration, the military, and regimes and liberation, the contributors provide up-to-date, authoritative knowledge on the region in light of contemporary strategic concerns. The handbook investigates how political, economic, and security innovations have been implemented, sometimes with violence, by use of force or by negotiation – including ‘ethnic federalism’ in Ethiopia, independence in Eritrea and South Sudan, integration of the traditional authorities in the (neo)patrimonial administrations, Somalian Islamic Courts, the Sudanese Islamist regime, people’s movements, multilateral operations, and the construction of an architecture for regional peace and security.

Accessibly written, this handbook is an essential read for scholars, students, and policy professionals interested in the contemporary politics in the Horn of Africa.

Table of Contents

  1. General Introduction
  2. Jean-Nicolas Bach

    Part 1: Liberation Movements, Separatism, and States Formations

    Part 1 Introduction

    Aleksi Ylönen and Jean-Nicolas Bach

  3. Understanding the Oromo Movements: From the Macha Tulama Association to the "Oromo Protests"
  4. Jan Záhořík

  5. The Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and the Dilemma of Liberation
  6. Aleksi Ylönen

  7. Eritrea: Self-Reliance, Militarization, and Diaspora
  8. Tanja R. Müller

  9. The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army: Between Separation and Unity
  10. Samson Samuel Wassara

  11. South Sudan after Secession: The Failure as a New State and the Outbreak of War Since 2013
  12. Leben Nelson Moro

  13. Sudan’s Challenge in Remaining a Cohesive Nation and State: The Enactment of Violent and Authoritarian Modalities of Governance
  14. Azza Ahmed Abdel Aziz and Jean-Nicolas Bach

  15. Somalia: In Search of National Unity
  16. Abdurahman Abdullahi Baadiyow

  17. The Somali National Movement: Engineering Self-Determination of Somaliland
  18. Fatuma Ahmed Ali

  19. Somaliland’s Struggle for Recognition since 1991: External Actors and Dynamics
  20. Nasir M. Ali and Aleksi Ylönen

    Part 2: Armed People, Conflicts and International Interventions

    Part 2 Introduction

    Patrick Ferras and Jean-Nicolas Bach

  21. African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA): If You Want "to Silence the Guns" by 2063, First Kill the "White Elephant"
  22. Patrick Klaousen

  23. The Military Equation in the Horn of Africa
  24. Patrick Ferras

  25. The Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula: The Interplay Between Domestic, Regional and Global Dynamics in the Rapprochement Between Ethiopia and Eritrea
  26. Alexandra M. Dias

  27. Turkey’s Soft Power Experiments and Dilemmas in Somalia
  28. Jędrzej Czerep

  29. Ugandan Interference in South Sudan
  30. Julie Saché

  31. South Sudan: War, Peace Processes and Regional Economic Integration
  32. Cedric Barnes

  33. Military Livelihoods and the Political Economy in South Sudan
  34. Nicki Kindersley

  35. Embedded Uniforms in Sudan: The War in Darfur, Militias, Paramilitaries, and the Rise of Rapid Support Forces Hassan Elhag Ali Ahmed
  36. The Ethiopian National Defense Forces since 1991
  37. Patrick Ferras

  38. Recruitment Strategies for Al-Shabaab in Kenya
  39. Fathima Azmiya Badurdeen

  40. ‘What is Happening Now is not Raiding, it’s War’: The Growing Politicisation and Militarisation of Cattle-Raiding among the Western Nuer and Murle During South Sudan’s Civil Wars
  41. Diana Felix da Costa, Naomi Pendle and Jérôme Tubiana

  42. The War in Tigray (2020-2021): Dictated Truths, Irredentism, and déjà-vu
  43. Mehdi Labzaé

    Part 3: Authoritarianism, Innovative Regimes, and Forms of Resistances

    Part 3 Introduction

    Jon Abbink

  44. Ruling over Diversity: Federalism and Devolution in Ethiopia and Kenya
  45. Chloé Josse-Durand and Alexander Meckelburg

  46. State Power and Citizen Agency: Reframing the Power Narrative in State-Society Relations in Ethiopia
  47. Hone Mandefro and Logan Cochrane

  48. Being a de facto State is not Enough: Somaliland’s Innovative Regime
  49. Markus Virgil Hoehne

  50. The Politics of State-Building: Regime Restructuring in Mogadishu
  51. Faduma Abukar Mursal

  52. The Looming Spectre: A History of the ‘State of Emergency’ in Ethiopia, 1970s-2021
  53. Jon Abbink

  54. Thirty Years of Autocratic Rule: Eritrea's President Isaias Afwerki Between Innovation and Destruction
  55. Nicole Hirt

  56. Authoritarian Adaptation and Innovative Contestation in Sudan, 2009-2019
  57. Clément Deshayes

  58. Hegemonic Elections: Ethiopia, Sudan, Djibouti
  59. Jean-Nicolas Bach and Aden Omar Abdillahi

  60. Serving the Regime: The State Police and Kenya’s Electoral Authoritarianism
  61. Kamau Wairuri

  62. Women, Clan and Politics in Somalia
  63. Istar Ahmed and Anisa Hagimumin

  64. Sudan: the December 2018 Revolution and its Aftermath
  65. Jean-Nicolas Bach

  66. The Sudanese ‘Transition’ Seen From its Peripheries, 2018-2020
  67. Jérôme Tubiana

    Part 4: Religion and Religious Movements: Strategies and Adaptation to New Landscape

    Part 4 Introduction

    Stéphane Ancel and Hassan Mwakimako

  68. Political Islam in Somalia: From Underground Movements to the Rise and Continued Resilience of Al Shabaab Markus Virgil Hoehne and Mohamed Husein Gaas
  69. Islam, Politics, and Violence on the Kenya Coast
  70. Hassan Mwakimako and Justin Willis

  71. The ‘Islamic movement’ in Sudan: From the NIF to the December Revolution
  72. Azza Mustafa M. Ahmed

  73. Islamic Law, Legal Hybridity and Legal Practices in Sudan
  74. Barbara Casciarri

  75. ‘For God and my Country’: Religious Lobby Groups in Uganda and their Role in Policy Making
  76. Anna Fichtmüller

  77. The Civil Rights Movement of Ethiopian Muslims in 2012: Historical Grounds and Driving Forces
  78. Eloi Ficquet

  79. The strains of ‘Pente’ Politics: Evangelicals and the Post-Orthodox State in Ethiopia
  80. Jörg Haustein and Dereje Feyissa

  81. Architectural Innovation of Ethiopian Orthodox Church 
  82. Stéphane Ancel

  83. Singing in Praise of Jesus in an ‘Islamic State’: The challenges faced by Habash Pentecostalist Migrants in Sudan Netsereab G. Andom
  84. Part 5. People’s Movements: Migration

    Part 5 Introduction

    Azza Ahmed Abdel Aziz and Jan Záhořík

  85. Producing Migrants as Entrepreneurs in Sudan: Reconfigurations of Development in an Era of Migration ‘Crisis’
  86. Hengameh Ziai

  87. Domestic Labour and Immigration into the Republic of Djibouti by Young Ethiopians and Somalis
  88. Amina Said Chiré, Bezunesh Tamru, and Omar Mahamoud Ismael

  89. Migration within the Horn of Africa: New Trends
  90. Alice Corbet and Jan Záhořík

  91. Migration, Asylum and International Interventions
  92. Thibaut Jaulin and Hélène Thiollet

  93. Girls on the Move: Changing Dynamics of Migration in the Horn of Africa
  94. Katarzyna Grabska and Marina de Regt

  95. Migration is a Personal Journey: Stories of Ethiopian and Eritrean Migrants as they Forge Their Individual and Collective Journeys and Existence in and out of the Region
  96. Rania Rajji

  97. Multi-Directional Movement and the Management of Mobility Between Ethiopian and Eritrean (1993-2020)
  98. Amanda Poole and Jennifer Riggan

  99. Sedentarization of Cross-Border Tribes and Mixed Migration Movements: Beni Amir in Eastern Sudan
  100. Michaela Stahl-Göken

  101. Ethiopian Diaspora and Its Impact on Politics in Ethiopia
  102. Jan Záhořík and Ameyu Godesso

  103. Qof Ma Dhiban: Somali Orality and the Delineation of Power
  104. Hawa Y. Mire 

    Part 6. Connecting the Horn: Infrastructures, Investments and Networks

    Part 6 Intro

    Emanuele Fantini and Clélie Nallet

  105. Geopolitical Challenges for the Development of Hydroelectricity in the Nile Basin
  106. Wahel Rashid 

  107. Water, Land and Arab Investments in Irrigation Projects: Continuity and Innovation in Sudan
  108. Marina Bertoncin, Andrea Pase, Stefano Turrini

  109. Demystifying the National Interest: The Case of Building Dams and Dismantling the Sudanese State
  110. Tamer Abd Elkreem

  111. China and the African Union: Infrastructure and Trade Deficits in Strategic Transport Links in the Horn of Africa Benedikt Kamski and Nizar Manek
  112. China’s Information Infrastructures in the Horn: A Laboratory for Experimentation?
  113. Iginio Gagliardone

  114. Oil and Gas in East Africa: Hope and Illusion
  115. Patricia I. Vasquez

  116. Inconspicuous Economic Integration by Small Transnational Entrepreneurs in Uganda and South-Sudan

Bernard Calas, Sylvain Racaud, and Charlotte Torretti

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Jean-Nicolas Bach holds a PhD in Political Science and is affiliated at Sciences Po Bordeaux, Les Afriques dans le Monde, France.

with Jon Abbink, Stéphane Ancel, Azza Ahmed Abdel Aziz, Emanuele Fantini, Patrick Ferras, Hassan Mwakimako, Clélie Nallet, Aleksi Ylönen, and Jan Záhořík.