1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of the Horn of Africa

Edited By Jean-Nicolas Bach Copyright 2022
    776 Pages 25 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    776 Pages 25 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of the Horn of Africa provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary survey of contemporary research related to the Horn of Africa.

    Situated at the junction of the Sahel-Saharan strip and the Arabian Peninsula, the Horn of Africa is growing in global importance due to demographic growth and the strategic importance of the Suez Canal. Divided into sections on authoritarianism and resistance, religion and politics, migration, economic integration, the military, and regimes and liberation, the contributors provide up-to-date, authoritative knowledge on the region in light of contemporary strategic concerns. The handbook investigates how political, economic, and security innovations have been implemented, sometimes with violence, by use of force or by negotiation – including ‘ethnic federalism’ in Ethiopia, independence in Eritrea and South Sudan, integration of the traditional authorities in the (neo)patrimonial administrations, Somalian Islamic Courts, the Sudanese Islamist regime, people’s movements, multilateral operations, and the construction of an architecture for regional peace and security.

    Accessibly written, this handbook is an essential read for scholars, students, and policy professionals interested in the contemporary politics in the Horn of Africa.

    1. General Introduction
    2. Jean-Nicolas Bach

      Part 1: Liberation Movements, Separatism, and States Formations

      Part 1 Introduction

      Aleksi Ylönen and Jean-Nicolas Bach

    3. Understanding the Oromo Movements: From the Macha Tulama Association to the "Oromo Protests"
    4. Jan Záhořík

    5. The Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and the Dilemma of Liberation
    6. Aleksi Ylönen

    7. Eritrea: Self-Reliance, Militarization, and Diaspora
    8. Tanja R. Müller

    9. The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army: Between Separation and Unity
    10. Samson Samuel Wassara

    11. South Sudan after Secession: The Failure as a New State and the Outbreak of War Since 2013
    12. Leben Nelson Moro

    13. Sudan’s Challenge in Remaining a Cohesive Nation and State: The Enactment of Violent and Authoritarian Modalities of Governance
    14. Azza Ahmed Abdel Aziz and Jean-Nicolas Bach

    15. Somalia: In Search of National Unity
    16. Abdurahman Abdullahi Baadiyow

    17. The Somali National Movement: Engineering Self-Determination of Somaliland
    18. Fatuma Ahmed Ali

    19. Somaliland’s Struggle for Recognition since 1991: External Actors and Dynamics
    20. Nasir M. Ali and Aleksi Ylönen

      Part 2: Armed People, Conflicts and International Interventions

      Part 2 Introduction

      Patrick Ferras and Jean-Nicolas Bach

    21. African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA): If You Want "to Silence the Guns" by 2063, First Kill the "White Elephant"
    22. Patrick Klaousen

    23. The Military Equation in the Horn of Africa
    24. Patrick Ferras

    25. The Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula: The Interplay Between Domestic, Regional and Global Dynamics in the Rapprochement Between Ethiopia and Eritrea
    26. Alexandra M. Dias

    27. Turkey’s Soft Power Experiments and Dilemmas in Somalia
    28. Jędrzej Czerep

    29. Ugandan Interference in South Sudan
    30. Julie Saché

    31. South Sudan: War, Peace Processes and Regional Economic Integration
    32. Cedric Barnes

    33. Military Livelihoods and the Political Economy in South Sudan
    34. Nicki Kindersley

    35. Embedded Uniforms in Sudan: The War in Darfur, Militias, Paramilitaries, and the Rise of Rapid Support Forces Hassan Elhag Ali Ahmed
    36. The Ethiopian National Defense Forces since 1991
    37. Patrick Ferras

    38. Recruitment Strategies for Al-Shabaab in Kenya
    39. Fathima Azmiya Badurdeen

    40. ‘What is Happening Now is not Raiding, it’s War’: The Growing Politicisation and Militarisation of Cattle-Raiding among the Western Nuer and Murle During South Sudan’s Civil Wars
    41. Diana Felix da Costa, Naomi Pendle and Jérôme Tubiana

    42. The War in Tigray (2020-2021): Dictated Truths, Irredentism, and déjà-vu
    43. Mehdi Labzaé

      Part 3: Authoritarianism, Innovative Regimes, and Forms of Resistances

      Part 3 Introduction

      Jon Abbink

    44. Ruling over Diversity: Federalism and Devolution in Ethiopia and Kenya
    45. Chloé Josse-Durand and Alexander Meckelburg

    46. State Power and Citizen Agency: Reframing the Power Narrative in State-Society Relations in Ethiopia
    47. Hone Mandefro and Logan Cochrane

    48. Being a de facto State is not Enough: Somaliland’s Innovative Regime
    49. Markus Virgil Hoehne

    50. The Politics of State-Building: Regime Restructuring in Mogadishu
    51. Faduma Abukar Mursal

    52. The Looming Spectre: A History of the ‘State of Emergency’ in Ethiopia, 1970s-2021
    53. Jon Abbink

    54. Thirty Years of Autocratic Rule: Eritrea's President Isaias Afwerki Between Innovation and Destruction
    55. Nicole Hirt

    56. Authoritarian Adaptation and Innovative Contestation in Sudan, 2009-2019
    57. Clément Deshayes

    58. Hegemonic Elections: Ethiopia, Sudan, Djibouti
    59. Jean-Nicolas Bach and Aden Omar Abdillahi

    60. Serving the Regime: The State Police and Kenya’s Electoral Authoritarianism
    61. Kamau Wairuri

    62. Women, Clan and Politics in Somalia
    63. Istar Ahmed and Anisa Hagimumin

    64. Sudan: the December 2018 Revolution and its Aftermath
    65. Jean-Nicolas Bach

    66. The Sudanese ‘Transition’ Seen From its Peripheries, 2018-2020
    67. Jérôme Tubiana

      Part 4: Religion and Religious Movements: Strategies and Adaptation to New Landscape

      Part 4 Introduction

      Stéphane Ancel and Hassan Mwakimako

    68. Political Islam in Somalia: From Underground Movements to the Rise and Continued Resilience of Al Shabaab Markus Virgil Hoehne and Mohamed Husein Gaas
    69. Islam, Politics, and Violence on the Kenya Coast
    70. Hassan Mwakimako and Justin Willis

    71. The ‘Islamic movement’ in Sudan: From the NIF to the December Revolution
    72. Azza Mustafa M. Ahmed

    73. Islamic Law, Legal Hybridity and Legal Practices in Sudan
    74. Barbara Casciarri

    75. ‘For God and my Country’: Religious Lobby Groups in Uganda and their Role in Policy Making
    76. Anna Fichtmüller

    77. The Civil Rights Movement of Ethiopian Muslims in 2012: Historical Grounds and Driving Forces
    78. Eloi Ficquet

    79. The strains of ‘Pente’ Politics: Evangelicals and the Post-Orthodox State in Ethiopia
    80. Jörg Haustein and Dereje Feyissa

    81. Architectural Innovation of Ethiopian Orthodox Church 
    82. Stéphane Ancel

    83. Singing in Praise of Jesus in an ‘Islamic State’: The challenges faced by Habash Pentecostalist Migrants in Sudan Netsereab G. Andom
    84. Part 5. People’s Movements: Migration

      Part 5 Introduction

      Azza Ahmed Abdel Aziz and Jan Záhořík

    85. Producing Migrants as Entrepreneurs in Sudan: Reconfigurations of Development in an Era of Migration ‘Crisis’
    86. Hengameh Ziai

    87. Domestic Labour and Immigration into the Republic of Djibouti by Young Ethiopians and Somalis
    88. Amina Said Chiré, Bezunesh Tamru, and Omar Mahamoud Ismael

    89. Migration within the Horn of Africa: New Trends
    90. Alice Corbet and Jan Záhořík

    91. Migration, Asylum and International Interventions
    92. Thibaut Jaulin and Hélène Thiollet

    93. Girls on the Move: Changing Dynamics of Migration in the Horn of Africa
    94. Katarzyna Grabska and Marina de Regt

    95. Migration is a Personal Journey: Stories of Ethiopian and Eritrean Migrants as they Forge Their Individual and Collective Journeys and Existence in and out of the Region
    96. Rania Rajji

    97. Multi-Directional Movement and the Management of Mobility Between Ethiopian and Eritrean (1993-2020)
    98. Amanda Poole and Jennifer Riggan

    99. Sedentarization of Cross-Border Tribes and Mixed Migration Movements: Beni Amir in Eastern Sudan
    100. Michaela Stahl-Göken

    101. Ethiopian Diaspora and Its Impact on Politics in Ethiopia
    102. Jan Záhořík and Ameyu Godesso

    103. Qof Ma Dhiban: Somali Orality and the Delineation of Power
    104. Hawa Y. Mire 

      Part 6. Connecting the Horn: Infrastructures, Investments and Networks

      Part 6 Intro

      Emanuele Fantini and Clélie Nallet

    105. Geopolitical Challenges for the Development of Hydroelectricity in the Nile Basin
    106. Wahel Rashid 

    107. Water, Land and Arab Investments in Irrigation Projects: Continuity and Innovation in Sudan
    108. Marina Bertoncin, Andrea Pase, Stefano Turrini

    109. Demystifying the National Interest: The Case of Building Dams and Dismantling the Sudanese State
    110. Tamer Abd Elkreem

    111. China and the African Union: Infrastructure and Trade Deficits in Strategic Transport Links in the Horn of Africa Benedikt Kamski and Nizar Manek
    112. China’s Information Infrastructures in the Horn: A Laboratory for Experimentation?
    113. Iginio Gagliardone

    114. Oil and Gas in East Africa: Hope and Illusion
    115. Patricia I. Vasquez

    116. Inconspicuous Economic Integration by Small Transnational Entrepreneurs in Uganda and South-Sudan

    Bernard Calas, Sylvain Racaud, and Charlotte Torretti


    Jean-Nicolas Bach holds a PhD in Political Science and is affiliated at Sciences Po Bordeaux, Les Afriques dans le Monde, France.

    with Jon Abbink, Stéphane Ancel, Azza Ahmed Abdel Aziz, Emanuele Fantini, Patrick Ferras, Hassan Mwakimako, Clélie Nallet, Aleksi Ylönen, and Jan Záhořík.