1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of the South China Sea

Edited By Zou Keyuan Copyright 2021
    540 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    540 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of the South China Sea presents a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of South China Sea issues. It evaluates the dynamics of the latest developments and identifies factors that contribute to dispute settlement and a cooperative management regime of one of the most important seas in the world – one which not only contains rich marine resources and distinctive biodiversity but is also a critical sea route for global trade and communications.

    The Handbook is divided into six parts, each representing a focused area of enquiry:

    • History and geostrategic landscape

    • Sovereignty and maritime entitlements

    • South China Sea policies of major claimants

    • Natural resources and environment

    • Cooperation and institutions

    • Challenges and prospects

    Written by world-renowned experts and scholars, with specialisms from geography to international law, the volume’s 25 chapters contribute interdisciplinary perspectives, reflecting the impact of how South China Sea policies are shaped by national governments and international organizations. As such, the Handbook provides an authoritative reference to South China Sea Studies, useful for students and scholars of international relations, history, maritime and Asian studies.

    Part 1: History and Geostrategic Landscape

    1. The South China Sea: Geographical Overview

    Vivian Louis Forbes

    2. The South China Sea: Historical Developments

    Stein Tønnesson

    3. Sea Lines of Communication and Safety of Navigation

    Sam Bateman

    4. Maritime Security and Demilitarization of the South China Sea

    Mary George

    Part 2: Sovereignty and Maritime Entitlements

    5. The Territorial Sovereignty Disputes in the South China Sea

    Ted L. McDorman

    6. Competing Maritime Claims and Enduring Disputes in the South China Se

    Clive Schofield

    7. The U-shaped Line and Its Legal Implication

    Keyuan Zou and Qiang Ye

    8. Historic Rights and the South China Se

    Sophia Kopel

    Part 3: South China Sea Policies of Major Claimants

    9. China’s South China Sea Policies

    Feng Zhu and Lingqun Li

    10. Malaysia and South China Sea Disputes: Applicability of International Law

    BA Hamzah

    11. Deciphering Duterte’s Foreign Policy on the South China Sea

    Jay L. Batongbacal

    12. Vietnam’s South China Sea Policy

    Nguyen Hong Thao

    Part 4: Natural Resources and Environment

    13. Fisheries Management in the South China Sea

    Dustin Kuan-Hsiung Wang

    14. Governance of Non-living Resources in the South China Sea

    Yen-Chiang Chang

    15. Biodiversity and Conservation

    Vu Hai Dang

    16. The South China Sea Environment: The Need for Formalised Institutional Interaction between Science, Policy and Law

    David M. Ong

    Part 5: Cooperation and Institutions

    17. Semi-enclosed Seas Cooperation under UNCLOS

    Seokwoo Lee and Lowell Bautista

    18. ASEAN and the South China Sea

    Robert Beckman and Vu Hai Dang

    19. From DOC to COC: A Regional Rule-based Order

    Ramses Amer and Li Jianwei

    20. Mainland China-Taiwan Interplay in the South China Sea

    Fu-kuo Liu

    21. Cooperation Through Track II Mechanisms

    Rommel C. Banlaoi

    Part 6: Challenges and Prospects

    22. Dispute Settlement Mechanisms for South China Sea Issues

    J. Ashley Roach

    23. The South China Sea Arbitration and Its Implications

    Chris Whomersley

    24. US-China Rivalry in the South China Sea

    Mingjiang Li and Archana Atmakuri

    25. Struggles for Prestige and Power: Command, Contest, and Confidence-building in the South China Sea, 960-2019

    C.J. Jenner


    Keyuan Zou is Distinguished Professor, Dalian Maritime University, China and Harris Professor of International Law, University of Central Lancashire, UK. He specializes in international law, in particular, the law of the sea and international environmental law, and has published extensively with over 180 refereed English papers in over 30 international journals and various edited books. His single-authored books include Law of the Sea in East Asia: Issues and Prospects, China’s Marine Legal System and the Law of the Sea, China’s Legal Reform: Towards the Rule of Law and China-ASEAN Relations and International Law. His recent edited volumes include Global Commons and the Law of the Sea (2018), Maritime Cooperation in Semi-Enclosed Seas: Asian and European Experiences (2019) and The Belt and Road Initiative and the Law of the Sea (2020). He is a member of Editorial/Advisory Boards of the International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, Ocean Development and International Law, Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy, Marine Policy, Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies, Journal of Territorial and Maritime Studies, Chinese Journal of International Law, Global Journal of Comparative Law, Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy and Korean Journal of International & Comparative Law.