1st Edition

Routledge Handbook on American Prisons

Edited By Laurie A. Gould, John J. Brent Copyright 2021
    338 Pages
    by Routledge

    338 Pages
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook on American Prisons is an authoritative volume that provides an overview of the state of U.S. prisons and synthesizes the research on the many facets of the prison system. The United States is exceptional in its use of incarceration as punishment. It not only has the largest prison population in the world, but also the highest per-capita incarceration rate. Research and debate about mass incarceration continues to grow, with mounting bipartisan agreement on the need for criminal justice reform.

    Divided into four sections (Prisons: Security, Operations and Administration; Types of Offenders and Populations; Living and Dying in Prison; and Release, Reentry, and Reform), the volume explores the key issues fundamental to understanding the U.S. prison system, including the characteristics of facilities; inmate risk assessment and classification, prison administration and employment, for-profit prisons, special populations, overcrowding, prison health care, prison violence, the special circumstances of death row prisoners, collateral consequences of incarceration, prison programming, and parole. The final section examines reform efforts and ideas, and offers suggestions for future research and attention.

    With contributions from leading correctional scholars, this book is a valuable resource for scholars with an interest in U.S. prisons and the issues surrounding them. It is structured to serve scholars and graduate students studying corrections, penology, institutional corrections, and other related topics.


    Part 1: Prison Security, Operations, and Administration

    Chapter 1: Prison Rules, Regulations, and Disciplinary Procedures
    Beverly Reece and Catherine D. Marcum

    Chapter 2: The Evolution of Privatized Corrections in America
    Laurie A. Gould and Matthew Pate

    Chapter 3: Review of Risk Assessment and Classification in Prison
    Tim Brennan

    Chapter 4: Working in Institutional Corrections: The Roles, Responsibilities, and Challenges of Being a Correctional Officer
    Nancy Hogan and Eric Lambert

    Chapter 5: Convenience without Conscience: Supermax Confinement in American Penology
    Kevin Minor

    Part 2: Types of Offenders and Populations

    Chapter 6: Who Goes to Prison and Why: Examining Offender Characteristics and Offense Types
    Jonathan Grubb

    Chapter 7: Women in Corrections
    Brenda Blackwell

    Chapter 8: People Suffering from Mental Illness in Prison
    Brent Teasdale, Leah E. Daigle, and Taylor Gann

    Chapter 9: Elderly Inmates
    Doris Schartmueller

    Part 3: Living and Dying in Prison

    Chapter 10: Prison Violence
    Robert Johnson, Ann Marie Rocheleau, and Esther Matthews

    Chapter 11: Misconduct in Corrections
    TaLisa J. Carter

    Chapter 12: Sexual Behavior in Prison
    Jessie L. Krienert and Jeffrey A. Walsh

    Chapter 13: Correctional Healthcare
    Patricia Becker and Daniel O’Connell

    Chapter 14: Life on Death Row
    Gordon Crews, Stephen Stanko, Garrison Crews, and Luzenski A. Cottrell

    Part 4: Release, Reentry, and Reform

    Chapter 15: Cognitive and Psychological Programming for Correctional Populations
    Laura Rubino, Amber Petkus, and Valerie R. Anderson

    Chapter 16: Educational and Skill-Based Programming
    Jennifer Ortiz and Hayley Jackey

    Chapter 17: Collateral Consequences of Incarceration
    Samantha Kopf and Thomas Mowen

    Chapter 18: Collateral Consequences of Incarceration on Community
    Janet Muniz and Kristin Turney

    Chapter 19: Reforming Penality
    Natasha A. Frost and Stacie St. Louis


    Laurie A. Gould is an Associate Professor of Criminal Justice and Criminology at Georgia Southern University in Statesboro, Georgia. Previously, she was an Assistant Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Texas at Arlington. She earned her PhD in Public Affairs from the University of Central Florida. Her areas of specialization include, corrections, comparative penology, state fragility, and gender and crime. She has co-authored two books [em dash] Corporal Punishment Around the World (Praeger) and State Fragility Around the World: Fractured Justice and Fierce Reprisal (CRC Press) [em dash] and her journal articles have been published in numerous national and international journals including The British Journal of Criminology, Violence Against Women, and Women and Criminal Justice. Her teaching interests include comparative world justice systems, corrections, and research methods.

    John J. Brent, is an Assistant Professor in the School of Justice Studies at Eastern Kentucky University. His areas of interest include the cultural and structural dynamics of crime and crime-control, how institutions create and perpetuate inequalities, building a theoretical foundation for criminal justice theory, and how individuals are disciplined and punished.