392 pages | 3 B/W Illus.
The formative period of Islam remains highly contested. From the beginning of modern scholarship on this formative period, scholars have questioned traditional Muslim accounts on early Islam. The scholarly fixation is mirrored by sectarian groups and movements within Islam, most of which trace their origins to this period. Moreover, contemporary movements from Salafists to modernists continue to point to Islam’s origins to justify their positions.
This Handbook provides a definitive overview of early Islam and how this period was understood and deployed by later Muslims. It is split into four main parts, the first of which explores the debates and positions on the critical texts and figures of early Islam. The second part turns to the communities that identified their origins with the Qurʾān and Muḥammad. In addition to the development of Muslim identities and polities, of particular focus is the relationship with groups outside or movements inside of the umma (the collective community of Muslims). The third part looks beyond what happened from the 7th to the 9th centuries CE and explores what that period, the events, figures, and texts have meant for Muslims in the past and what they mean for Muslims today. Not all Muslims or scholars are willing to merely reinterpret early Islam and its sources, though; some are willing to jettison parts, or even all, of the edifice that has been constructed over almost a millennium and a half. The Handbook therefore concludes with discussions of re-imaginations and revisions of early Islam and its sources.
Almost every major debate in the study of Islam and among Muslims looks to the formative period of Islam. The wide range of contributions from many of the leading academic experts on the subject therefore means that this book will be a valuable resource for all students and scholars of Islamic studies, as well as for anyone with an interest in early Islam.
Part I: The Qurʾān and Muḥammad
2. The Qurʾān and other scriptures
3. The collection and canonization of the Qurʾān
Herbert Berg 4. Muḥammad
Stephen J. Shoemaker
5. The sīra, Pavel Pavlovitch
6. Ḥadīth and sunna
Michael E. Pregill
Part II: Identities and communities in early Islam
8. Identity and social formation in the early Caliphate
9. Pre-Islamic Arabia and early Islam
10. Early Muslims and peoples of the book
Fred M. Donner
11. Politics and economics of the early Caliphate
12. The myth of the "Shīʿī Perspective”: identity and memory in Early Islam, Najam Haider
13. Mysticism in early Islam: The Pre-compilations phase
Part III: Modern and contemporary reinterpretation of early Islam
14.Modernists and their opponents: reading Islam
15. The golden age and the contemporary political order: the Muslim Brotherhood and early Islam
Rachel M. Scott
16. Salafīs: past to present, present to past
Jeffrey T. Kenney
17. Feminist Muslim (re)interpretations of early Islam
Part IV: Revisioning early Islam
18. Early Islam: an alternative scenario of its emergence
Daniel W. Brown
20. In search of authenticity: modern discourse over homosexuality through early Islam
21. True history in black and white: reimagined origins in the Nation of Islam
22. Invocations of early Islam in US discourse(s) of Muslim pluralism