This comprehensive Handbook analyses the political parties and party systems across the Middle East and North Africa. Providing an in-depth, empirically grounded and novel study of political parties, the volume focuses on a region where they have been traditionally and often erroneously dismissed.
The book is divided into five sections, examining:
- the trajectories of Islamist, Salafi, leftist, liberal, nationalist, and personalistic parties drawing from different countries;
- the role political parties play in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian countries;
- the centrality of political parties in democratic or democratising settings;
- the relationship between parties and specific social constituencies, ranging from women to youth to tribes and sects; and
- the policy positions of parties on a number of issues, including neo-liberal economics, identity, foreign policy and the role of violence.
This wide-ranging and systematic analysis is a key resource for students and scholars interested in party politics, democratization and authoritarianism, and the Middle East and North Africa.
Table of Contents
Notes on contributors
1. Political parties in the MENA: an Introduction
Raymond Hinnebusch, Francesco Cavatorta and Lise Storm
Part 1: Party Families
2. The Rise and Fall of the Arab Left
3. The Establishment and Success of Islamist Parties
4. New Kids on the Block: Salafi Parties
5. Inheriting the Past: Trajectories of Single Parties in Arab Republics
6. Liberal-secular Parties in Arab Political Systems
7. Personalism in MENA Politics: the Case of Tunisia
Part 2: Political parties in authoritarian settings
8. Political Parties under Competitive Authoritarianism
9. Political Intermediation in the Arabian peninsula: Partisan Organisations, Elections and Representation in Bahrain, Kuwait and Yemen.
10. Pawns in the Army’s Hands: Political Parties in Military-dominated Regimes
Jan Claudius Völkel
11. Party Politics in the Islamic Republic of Iran
12. Coping with Occupation: Hamas and Governing Gaza
Part 3: Political parties in democratic settings
13. The Delegitimation of Political Parties in Democratic Tunisia
Maryam Ben Salem
14. Consociationalism and Political Parties in the Middle East: the Case of Lebanon
Tamirace Fakhoury and Fidaa al Fakih
15. Dominance and democratic backsliding under AKP rule in Turkey
16. ‘Conventio ad Excludendum’: Palestinian Parties in Israel
17. Party Politics in Quasi-states: Iraqi Kurdistan
Irene Costantini and Dylan O’Driscoll
Part 4: Political Parties and Social Constituencies
18. Youth Activism and Political Parties
19. Tribes and Political Parties in the Contemporary Arab World
20. The Role of Women in Arab Political Parties
21. Shi’a Islamist Parties in Iraq: From Opposition to Governance
22. Armenian Political Parties in Lebanon: Functions and Survival Strategies
23. The Workers and the Left are not one Hand: Insights from Algeria
Gianni Del Panta
24. Urban Bias, Rural Embeddedness: Using the Rural-urban Divide to Explain Political Party Organizational and Ideological Development in the MENA
Matt Buehler and Allison Critcher
Part 5: Political parties and policy positions
25. Political Parties and Neo-liberal Economics
26. ‘The Terminal’: Political Parties and Identity Issues in the Arab World
27. Islamist Political Parties, International Relations and Foreign Policy: Historical Overview and Theoretical Insights
28. Between the Battlefield and the Ballot Box: Armed Political Parties in the Middle East
Francesco Cavatorta is professor of political science and director of the Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Africa and the Middle East (CIRAM) at Laval University in Quebec, Canada. His research focuses on dynamics of democratization and authoritarianism, political parties, and social movements in the Arab world.
Lise Storm is Senior Lecturer in Middle East Politics and Director of the new Center for Middle East Politics at the University of Exeter. Her research focuses on democratisation, political parties, and the state of democracy in the Middle East and North Africa.
Valeria Resta completed her PhD at the University of Milan and is an adjunct professor at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart and at Bocconi University. Her research focuses on the functioning of political parties in authoritarian and transitional settings of the Arab World. Her latest works have appeared in Politics and Religion and in the Italian Political Science Review.