Routledge Handbook on Political Parties in the Middle East and North Africa  book cover
1st Edition

Routledge Handbook on Political Parties in the Middle East and North Africa

ISBN 9780367674045
Published January 9, 2023 by Routledge
392 Pages

FREE Standard Shipping
USD $52.95

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Book Description

This comprehensive Handbook analyses the political parties and party systems across the Middle East and North Africa. Providing an in-depth, empirically grounded and novel study of political parties, the volume focuses on a region where they have been traditionally and often erroneously dismissed.

The book is divided into five sections, examining:

  • the trajectories of Islamist, Salafi, leftist, liberal, nationalist, and personalistic parties drawing from different countries;
  • the role political parties play in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian countries;
  • the centrality of political parties in democratic or democratising settings;
  • the relationship between parties and specific social constituencies, ranging from women to youth to tribes and sects; and
  • the policy positions of parties on a number of issues, including neo-liberal economics, identity, foreign policy and the role of violence.

This wide-ranging and systematic analysis is a key resource for students and scholars interested in party politics, democratization and authoritarianism, and the Middle East and North Africa.

Chapter 18 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license available at

Table of Contents

Notes on contributors

1. Political parties in the MENA: an Introduction

Raymond Hinnebusch, Francesco Cavatorta and Lise Storm

Part 1: Party Families

2. The Rise and Fall of the Arab Left

Idriss Jebari

3. The Establishment and Success of Islamist Parties

Tahir Kilavuz

4. New Kids on the Block: Salafi Parties

Massimo Ramaioli

5. Inheriting the Past: Trajectories of Single Parties in Arab Republics

Kevin Koehler

6. Liberal-secular Parties in Arab Political Systems

Inmaculada Szmolka

7. Personalism in MENA Politics: the Case of Tunisia

Giulia Cimini

Part 2: Political parties in authoritarian settings

8. Political Parties under Competitive Authoritarianism

Lise Storm

9. Political Intermediation in the Arabian peninsula: Partisan Organisations, Elections and Representation in Bahrain, Kuwait and Yemen.

Hendrik Kraetzschmar

10. Pawns in the Army’s Hands: Political Parties in Military-dominated Regimes

Jan Claudius Völkel

11. Party Politics in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Paola Rivetti

12. Coping with Occupation: Hamas and Governing Gaza

Martin Kear

Part 3: Political parties in democratic settings

13. The Delegitimation of Political Parties in Democratic Tunisia

Maryam Ben Salem

14. Consociationalism and Political Parties in the Middle East: the Case of Lebanon

Tamirace Fakhoury and Fidaa al Fakih

15. Dominance and democratic backsliding under AKP rule in Turkey

Sebnem Gumuscu

16. ‘Conventio ad Excludendum’: Palestinian Parties in Israel

Isaias Barreñada

17. Party Politics in Quasi-states: Iraqi Kurdistan

Irene Costantini and Dylan O’Driscoll

Part 4: Political Parties and Social Constituencies

18. Youth Activism and Political Parties

Kressen Thyen

19. Tribes and Political Parties in the Contemporary Arab World

Eleanor Gao

20. The Role of Women in Arab Political Parties

Lindsay Benstead

21. Shi’a Islamist Parties in Iraq: From Opposition to Governance

Harith Hasan

22. Armenian Political Parties in Lebanon: Functions and Survival Strategies

Daria Vorobyeva

23. The Workers and the Left are not one Hand: Insights from Algeria

Gianni Del Panta

24. Urban Bias, Rural Embeddedness: Using the Rural-urban Divide to Explain Political Party Organizational and Ideological Development in the MENA

Matt Buehler and Allison Critcher

Part 5: Political parties and policy positions

25. Political Parties and Neo-liberal Economics

Samir Amghar

26. ‘The Terminal’: Political Parties and Identity Issues in the Arab World

Valeria Resta

27. Islamist Political Parties, International Relations and Foreign Policy: Historical Overview and Theoretical Insights

Mohamed-Ali Adraoui

28. Between the Battlefield and the Ballot Box: Armed Political Parties in the Middle East

Marina Calculli

View More



Francesco Cavatorta is professor of political science and director of the Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Africa and the Middle East (CIRAM) at Laval University in Quebec, Canada. His research focuses on dynamics of democratization and authoritarianism, political parties, and social movements in the Arab world.

Lise Storm is Senior Lecturer in Middle East Politics and Director of the new Center for Middle East Politics at the University of Exeter. Her research focuses on democratisation, political parties, and the state of democracy in the Middle East and North Africa.

Valeria Resta completed her PhD at the University of Milan and is an adjunct professor at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart and at Bocconi University. Her research focuses on the functioning of political parties in authoritarian and transitional settings of the Arab World. Her latest works have appeared in Politics and Religion and in the Italian Political Science Review.