1st Edition

Routledge Handbook on South Asian Foreign Policy

Edited By Aparna Pande Copyright 2022
    452 Pages 10 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    452 Pages 10 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This handbook offers a comprehensive overview of South Asian foreign policy, examining the complex history and present state of South Asian foreign policy, the foreign policy of the countries of the region, as well as their relationships with their neighbors and key external players, such as China and the United States, in an effort to understand South Asia’s place in the world order. It illustrates the future trajectory of foreign policy in the region and analyses future of regional arrangements like SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) and BIMSTEC.

    The handbook is structured in five parts, each representing a focused area of enquiry:

    • Foreign Policy
    • Relations within South Asia
    • Relations within Indo-Pacific
    • Relations with China, Europe and the United States
    • Security

    A carefully selected collection of 26 chapters written by experts on South Asian foreign, economic, and security policy, this handbook provides an objective yet accessible overview of the history and current state of foreign policy of each country and the region. It is an authoritative reference work for academics and students as well as international think tanks, research institutes, and non-governmental organizations working on South Asian Politics, Asian Politics, Foreign Politics, International Affairs, World History, and International Relations.


    Aparna Pande, Raj Dhage, and Ojus Jain

    Part I Foreign Policy

    1. India’s Foreign Policy Realignments

    Dhruva Jaishankar

    2. Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: The More Things Change, The More They Stay the Same

    Waqas Waheed

    3. Sleepwalking into a Great Power Rivalry: The Evolution of Sri Lanka’s Foreign Policy in the 21st century

    Ranga Jayasuriya

    4. Nepal’s Foreign Policy since 1950s

    Prem Khanal

    5. The History of British, Soviets and U.S. Invasions and the Afghan Response

    Kanishka Nawabi

    Part II Relations within South Asia

    6. India’s South Asia Policy: Shifts and Continuities

    Harsh V. Pant

    7. The Changing Landscape of India-Pakistan-Afghanistan Relationship

    Vinay Kaura

    8. The Kashmir Matrix: Strategy/Policy Formulation in India and Pakistan

    Priyanka Singh

    9. India-Afghanistan Relations: Pragmatism towards Political Normalization

    Prakhar Sharma

    10. Nepal-Bangladesh, Bhutan and Maldives Relations

    Apekshya Shah

    11. Transformation of India and Bangladesh Relations and Challenges Ahead

    Joyeeta Bhattacharjee

    Part III Relations within Indo-Pacific

    12. BIMSTEC-India’s Emerging Foreign Policy Fulcrum

    Pinak Chakravarty

    13. India’s Iran Policy: Civilisational Past, Complicated Present

    Sumitha Narayanan Kutty

    14. From Distant Relations to Close Partners: India’s Relations with Australia and New Zealand

    Miguel Alejandro Hijar-Chiapa

    15. Influence & Hedging: China’s Engagement in South Asia

    Manoj Kewalramani & Shibani Mehta

    16. Rapid Development of India-Japan Cooperation: Its Chance and Challenges

    Satoru Nagao

    Part IV Relations with China, Europe and U.S.

    17. The Transformation of the Indo/China Rivalry in the 21st Century: the Rise of the
    Maritime Domain

    Christopher Colley

    18. Indian Strategic Policy Towards China

    Manjeet S. Pardesi

    19. China-Pakistan Relations: Understanding Strategic Dimensions

    Shalini Chawla

    20. Caught between the U.S. and China: Balancing in Pakistan’s Foreign Policy

    Filippo Boni

    21. Bangladesh-China Relations in an Era of Globalization: Dynamics and Challenges

    Delwar Hossain

    22. Sri Lanka’s Foreign Policy, Past, Present and Future: Infrastructure Diplomacy and Contemporary Chinese Affairs

    Asanga Abeyagoonasekera

    23. Nepal’s Relationship with the European Union

    Girdhari Dahal

    24. Nepal-US Relations: The Indo-Pacific and Evolving Strategic Partnership in the 21st Century World

    Rohit Karki

    Part V Security

    25. Terrorism and Indian Foreign Policy

    Manoj Joshi

    26. Almost Parity: Understanding the India-Pakistan Conventional Military Balance

    Arzan Tarapore


    Aparna Pande is Director of the Initiative on the Future of India and South Asia at the Hudson Institute, USA. She is also the editor of the Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Pakistan (2017) and the author of Explaining Pakistan’s Foreign Policy (Routledge 2011).