1st Edition

Routledge Handbook on the Governance of Religious Diversity

Edited By Anna Triandafyllidou, Tina Magazzini Copyright 2021
    348 Pages 14 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    348 Pages 14 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book critically reviews state-religion models and the ways in which different countries manage religious diversity, illuminating different responses to the challenges encountered in accommodating both majorities and minorities. The country cases encompass eight world regions and 23 countries, offering a wealth of research material suitable to support comparative research. Each case is analysed in depth looking at historical trends, current practices, policies, legal norms and institutions.

    By looking into state-religion relations and governance of religious diversity in regions beyond Europe, we gain insights into predominantly Muslim countries (Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, Indonesia, Malaysia), countries with pronounced historical religious diversity (India and Lebanon) and into a predominantly migrant pluralist nation (Australia). These insights can provide a basis for re-thinking European models and learning from experiences of governing religious diversity in other socio-economic and geopolitical contexts. Key analytical and comparative reflections inform the introduction and concluding chapters.

    This volume offers a research and study companion to better understand the connection between state-religion relations and the governance of religious diversity in order to inform both policy and research efforts in accommodating religious diversity. Given its accessible language and further readings provided in each chapter, the volume is ideally suited for undergraduate and graduate students. It will also be a valuable resource for researchers working in the wider field of ethnic, migration, religion and citizenship studies.

    1. The Governance of Religious Diversity: Challenges and Responses

    Anna Triandafyllidou and Tina Magazzini

    Part I: Western Europe

    2. Belgium: Devolved Federalism

    Thomas Sealy and Tariq Modood

    3. France: From Laïcité to Laicism?

    Thomas Sealy and Tariq Modood

    4. Germany: Federal Corporatism

    Thomas Sealy and Tariq Modood

    5. The United Kingdom: Weak Establishment and Pragmatic Pluralism

    Thomas Sealy and Tariq Modood

    Part II: Southern Europe

    6. The Italian Case: ‘Baptised Laicità’ and a Changing Demographic

    Tina Magazzini

    7. Spain: All Religions are Equal, but Some are More Equal than Others

    Tina Magazzini

    8. Greece: The ‘Prevailing Religion’ and the Governance of Diversity

    Eda Gemi

    Part III: Central Eastern Europe and Russia

    9. Hungary: Religion as the Government's Political Tool

    Dániel Vékony

    10. Lithuania: The Predicament of the Segregation of Religions

    Egdūnas Račius

    11. Slovakia: Fear of New Religious Minorities

    Egdūnas Račius

    12. Russia: Governance of Religion – What, How, and Why

    Marat Iliyasov

    Part IV: South-Eastern Europe

    13. Bulgaria: Strong Cultural Legacies, Weak Institutions, and Political Instrumentalisation of Religion

    Mila Mancheva

    14. Albania: Legacy of Shared Culture and History for Religious Tolerance

    Liliya Yakova and Leda Kuneva

    15. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Persisting Ethno-Religious Divide

    Gergana Tzvetkova and Rosalina Todorova

    Part V: The MENA Region

    16. Turkey: Whither Secularism?

    Haldun Gülalp

    17. Lebanon: Confessionalism and the Problem of Divided Loyalties

    Yuksel Taskin

    18. Egypt: Religious Diversity in an Age of Securitisation

    H.A. Hellyer

    19. Tunisia: Governing the Religious Sphere After 2011

    Georges Fahmi

    20. Morocco: Governing Religious Diversity

    Mehdi Lahlou and Mounir Zouiten

    Part VI: South and Southeast Asia and the Asia Pacific

    21. India: The Challenge of Being Plural and Multicultural

    Gurpreet Mahajan

    22. Indonesia: A Complex Experience of Religious Diversity Governance

    Pradana Boy Zulian and Hasnan Bachtiar

    23. Malaysia: A Secular Constitution Under Siege?

    Zawawi Ibrahim and Imran Mohd Rasid

    24. Australia: Diversity, Neutrality, and Exceptionalism

    Michele Grossman, Vivian Gerrand and Anna Halafoff

    25. Governing Religious Diversity Across the World: Comparative Insights

    Anna Triandafyllidou and Tina Magazzini


    Prof. Anna Triandafyllidou holds the Canada Excellence Research Chair in Migration and Integration at Ryerson University, Toronto. She was previously based at the European University Institute (EUI) where she held a Robert Schuman Chair on Cultural Pluralism in the EUI’s Global Governance Programme. She is Editor of the Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies.

    Dr. Tina Magazzini is a Research Associate at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies of the European University Institute, in Florence, where she researches different models of religious diversity governance. She holds a PhD in Human Rights and an MA in International Relations, and prior to joining the EUI worked with different research institutes and international organizations in the US, Belgium, Hungary, Spain and Zimbabwe.

    'Overall the handbook proposes an up-to-date, internally coherent, sociologically ‘thick’ and historically informed analysis of inter-faith relations in a variety of legal and political systems, including authoritarian and hybrid regimes as well as consolidated democracies.'

    Pierre-Luc Dupont, Ethnic and Racial Studies