Routledge Revivals: Science as a Questioning Process: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Routledge Revivals: Science as a Questioning Process

1st Edition

By Nigel Sanitt


186 pages

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First published in 1996, Science as a Questioning Process offers an intriguing mix of science and philosophy by examining science as a questioning process. The book evaluates scientific theories through from Darwinian evolution to relativity, and from quantum theory to cosmology. It offers an examination of these theories, in terms of a trade-off between empirical questions resolved and theoretical questions left unresolved. The book asks questions that deal with both intellectual and public concern about what science tells us and how reliable it is. Through this novel perspective, the book examines science in the context of everyday culture and the role it plays in everyday life. This book will be of interest to anyone working in the fields of philosophy, sociology and science.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

1.1. Presuppositions in science

1.2. Invariance

1.3. Causality

2. Theory construction

2.1. Hierarchies and networks

2.2. Questioning

2.3. Theory as a Relationship Between Questions

3. Graph Theory

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Terminology

3.3. Scientific Theories

3.4. The Right Questions?

3.5. Open-endedness of Questions

3.6. Acyclic Nature of Connections

4. Theory Evolution

4.1. Scientific Progress

4.2. Scientific Explanation

4.3. Theory Change and Comparison

4.4. Question Reformulation and ‘Black-Boxing’

4.5. Demarcation Between Questions and Answers

5. Subjective Nature of Science

5.1. Cartesian View of Science

5.2. Translation from Observations and Concepts to Questions

5.3. Relation

5.4. Social Studies of Science

5.5. Scientometrics

6. Evolution and Intelligence

6.1. Evolution of Questioning Ability

6.2. Computer Simulation and Artificial Intelligence

6.3. Neural Nets

6.4. Curiosity

6.5. Structuralism

7. Theories and Questions

7.1. Quantum Mechanics

7.2. Relativity

7.3. Zetetic Analysis

8. Theories in the Making

8.1. Dark Matter

8.2. Anthropic Principle

8.3. Theory of Everything

9. Darwinian Evolution

9.1. Introduction

9.2. Darwin’s Theory

9.3. The Extended Phenotype

10. Literature and Science

10.1. Introduction

10.2. Fictional Entities

10.3. Scientific Entities

10.4. Fictional and Scientific Entities: A Comparison

10.5. Beauty

10.6. Scientific Metaphor

10.7. Explanation and Understanding

10.8. Interrogative Aspects of Literature

11. Epilogue

About the Series

Routledge Revivals

Are there elusive titles that you need and have been trying to source for years but thought that you would never be able to find?

Well this may be the end of your quest – here is a fantastic opportunity for you to discover past brilliance and purchase previously out of print and unavailable titles by some of the world’s most eminent academic scholars.

Drawing from over 100 years of innovative, cutting-edge publishing, Routledge Revivals is an exciting programme whereby key titles from the distinguished and extensive backlist of the many acclaimed imprints associated with Routledge will be re-issued.

The programme draws upon the illustrious backlists of Kegan Paul, Trench & Trubner, Routledge & Kegan Paul, Methuen, Allen & Unwin and Routledge itself.

Routledge Revivals spans the whole of the Humanities and Social Sciences, and includes works by some of the world’s greatest thinkers including Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Simone Weil, Martin Buber, Karl Jaspers and Max Beloff.

If you are interested in Revivals in the Behavioral Sciences, please visit

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / General
SCIENCE / Astrophysics & Space Science
SCIENCE / Mathematical Physics
SCIENCE / Physics
SCIENCE / Quantum Theory
SCIENCE / Philosophy & Social Aspects
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / General