Rules, Norms and NGO Advocacy Strategies: Hydropower Development on the Mekong River, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Rules, Norms and NGO Advocacy Strategies

Hydropower Development on the Mekong River, 1st Edition

By Yumiko Yasuda

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228 pages | 33 B/W Illus.

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Description

There is much controversy over the development of new dams for hydropower, where concerns for environmental protection and the livelihoods of local people may conflict with the goals of economic development. This book analyses the opportunities and barriers that NGOs and civil society actors face when conducting advocacy campaigns against such developments.

Through a comparison of two NGO coalitions in Cambodia and Vietnam advocating against the Xayaburi hydropower dam on the Mekong River, the book explores the intricate interactions of formal and informal rules and norms and how they influence advocacy strategies. A framework for analysis is proposed which serves as a tool for analysis by civil society actors. The author generates fresh insights into the way in which opportunities and barriers are created for NGOs to influence state-centric decision-making processes.

The book also discusses Mekong riparian states’ negotiation process over the Xayaburi hydropower dam in detail, providing an analysis of the Mekong River’s governance under the 1995 Mekong Agreement. The book concludes by suggesting ways to improve the engagement of civil society actors in the governance of transboundary rivers and development projects.

Reviews

"In addition to benefits, the accelerating pace of development in the Mekong region is creating many conflicts and perverse outcomes from natural resources development. In this contested space it is critical to understand how non-government voices can contribute to better government decisions. Yasuda’s book provides exceptional insights into how civil society can constructively influence institutions in Cambodia and Vietnam."Jamie Pittock, The Australian National University, Australia.

"Recent times have witnessed a resurgence in hydropower developments, particularly evident throughout the Mekong River Basin. This book is therefore extremely timely, and significant in its focus – namely the interface between formal and informal norms, and the advocacy strategies of NGOs and civil society actors. The book is a must read for both scholars and practitioners interested in the role of NGOs within decision-making processes."Alistair Rieu-Clarke, University of Dundee, UK.

"This intriguing study of Cambodian and Vietnamese NGOs as advocates against Mekong River dams provides important insights into the ways in which NGOs influence, but are also influenced by, the norms and rules of the societies and transnational contexts in which they are located."Philip Hirsch, University of Sydney, Australia.

Table of Contents

1. NGOs and Environmental Governance

Role of NGOs in transboundary water governance

Objective and structure of this book

References

Part 1: Research Design

2. Analysing NGO Advocacy Strategies

Chapter introduction

Understanding rules and norms

Understanding advocacy strategies

Understanding NGOs

Understanding influence of rules and norms on actors’ behaviours

Chapter Conclusion

References

3. Framework for Analysis: NGO Coalitions Along the Mekong River

Chapter introduction

Analytical framework

Case studies: NGO coalitions along the Mekong River

Chapter conclusion

References

Part 2: Biophysical and Material Conditions, Actors, Rules and Norms

4. Biophysical and Material Conditions

Chapter introduction

Resource perspective of the Mekong River

Hydropower development on the Mekong River: historical perspectives

The Xayaburi hydropower dam

Potential impact from the Xayaburi hydropower dam

Chapter conclusion

References

5. Actors

Chapter introduction

Regional actors

Actors in Cambodia

Actors in Vietnam

Chapter conclusion

References

6. Rules and Norms

Chapter introduction

Formal rules at the Mekong regional level

Formal rules in Cambodia

Informal rules in Cambodia

Formal rules in Vietnam

Informal rules and norms in Vietnam

Chapter conclusion

References

Part 3: Strategies and Interactions

7. The Xayaburi Dam Story

Chapter introduction

The initial 6 months of the PNPCA process

The Xayaburi scaling up to a high political agenda

Post MRC Council meeting

Chapter conclusion

References

8. Strategies Targeting the Mekong Regional Decision-makers

Chapter introduction

Strategies adopted by the RCC and the VRN

Comparative analysis

Chapter conclusion

References

9. Strategies Targeting National Decision-makers

Chapter introduction

Strategies adopted by the VRN

Strategies adopted by the RCC

Comparative analysis

Chapter conclusion

References

10. Strategies Targeting Stakeholders in Affected Areas

Chapter introduction

Strategies adopted by the RCC

Strategies adopted by the VRN

Comparative analysis

Chapter conclusion

References

11. Strategies Targeting General Public

Chapter introduction

Strategies adopted by the VRN

Strategies adopted by the RCC

Comparative analysis

Chapter conclusion

References

12. Conclusion

Chapter introduction

Patterns of interactions between formal and informal rules and norms

Contribution to the body of knowledge

Barriers and opportunities

Suggested areas of future studies

References

About the Author

Yumiko Yasuda is an environmental and water governance specialist. She was a researcher for the Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science, University of Dundee, Scotland, UK. She has previously worked for the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Southeast Asia.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POL041000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations)