New thinking is essential if we are to design and occupy buildings that can keep us safe with unpredictable economies, climates, energy systems and resource challenges. For too long designers have relied on mechanical solutions for heating, cooling and ventilating buildings. The 21st century dream has to be of a better architecture that enables buildings to be run for as much of a day or year as possible on local, clean, reliable, affordable natural energy. Examples are included from different climates where the fundamental building design is right, its orientation, opening sizes, mass and its natural ventilation systems and pathways. Many modern buildings are poorly designed for climate as manifested by growing incidences of overheating experienced indoor, explored here. The inability of many rating systems to record and improve the climatic design of buildings raises questions about how they deal with issues of basic building performance. This books points the way towards how we can understand such problems, and move forward from over-mechanised poorly designed buildings to a new generation of adaptable buildings designed and refurbished to run largely on natural energy and capable of evolving over time to keep their occupants safe and comfortable, even in a warming world. The chapters were originally published in Architectural Science Review.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Running buildings on natural energy: design thinking for a different future
Sue Roaf and Fergus Nicol
2. Adaptive heating, ventilation and solar shading for dwellings
E. E. Alders
3. Thermal comfort and indoor air quality in super-insulated housing with natural and decentralized ventilation systems in the south of the UK
4. Estimating overheating in European dwellings
Luisa Brotas and Fergus Nicol
5. Experimental validation of simulation and measurement-based overheating assessment approaches for residential buildings
Raimo Simson, Jarek Kurnitski and Kalle Kuusk
6. Performance of naturally ventilated buildings in a warm-humid climate: a case study of Golconde Dormitories, South India
Mona Doctor-Pingel, Hugo Lavocat and Nehaa Bhavaraju
7. The scope of inducing natural air supply via the façade
Peter J. W. van den Engel and Stanley R. Kurvers
8. The importance of air movement in warmer temperatures: a novel SET* house case study
John J. Shiel, Richard Aynsley, Behdad Moghtaderi and Adrian Page
9. Saving energy with a better indoor environment
Gary J. Raw, Clare Littleford and Liz Clery
10. Ventilation strategies for a warming world
Richard Aynsley and John J. Shiel
Sue Roaf (B.A.Hons, A.A. Dipl., PhD, ARB, FRIAS) is Emeritus Professor at Heriot Watt University, UK, and sits on the Architects Registration Board. An award winning architect, teacher, author and activist she has written and edited 20 books ice-houses, energy efficiency, ecohouse, solar and sustainable design, thermal comfort and climate change adaptation.
Fergus Nicol is a Professor at London Metropolitan and Oxford Brookes University, UK. He is internationally known for his ‘Adaptive’ thermal comfort research which has informed National, European and International comfort standards. He teaches, and publishes, widely and his current work on overheating is internationally influential. He convenes the NCEUB network (www.nceub.org) on comfort.