This book examines the transformations of rural society and economy in the UK and US during the last half-century, and explores the significance of these trends and changes for community sustainability, quality of life and the environment. While both the UK and US are highly urbanised, rural people and communities continue to contribute to national identity, economic development and social solidarity, as well as to environmental quality. Contributors explore the degree to which rural people exhibit agency and autonomy, rather than being merely passive in the face of exogenous forces of change in a globalised world. They also illuminate very different policy approaches to rural policy in two advanced capitalist societies often thought to be similar, and show how fundamental differences in rural policy approaches of the US and the UK are based on different social ideologies and values that shape policies relating to rural areas. This book will help to stimulate transatlantic dialogue on rural scholarship and rural policy analysis, while also contributing to theory and policy development. It will be of interest to researchers, students and everyone involved in the policy and practice of rural development.
Part 1: Introduction 1. Rural Transformations: Conceptual and Policy Issues Sally Shortall and Mildred E. Warner 2. The Agency of Rural Research in Comparative Context Philip Lowe Part 2: Socio-Economic Change 3. Migration and Urban-Rural Population Redistribution in the UK and US Tony Champion and David L. Brown 4. Demographic Ageing in Rural Areas: Insights from the UK and US Lorna Philip, David Brown and Aileen Stockdale 5. Conceptualizing Contemporary Immigrant Integration in the Rural United States and United Kingdom Philomena de Lima, Pilar A. Parra, and Max J. Pfeffer 6. Rural Poverty and Social Exclusion in the United States and the United Kingdom Mark Shucksmith and Kai Schafft 7. Rural Economic Transformations in the UK and US Jane Atterton, John Bryden and Tom Johnson 8. Entrepreneurial Behaviour Among Rural In-Migrants Gary Bosworth and Nina Glasgow 9. Local Food Systems and Networks in the US and the UK: Community Development Considerations for Rural Areas Clare Hinrichs and Liz Charles Part 3: Governance 10. Policy Affecting Rural People, Economies and Communities John Bryden and Mildred E. Warner 11. The Evolution of Agriculture and Agricultural Policy in the UK and USA Kathryn Brasier, Jill Findeis, Carmen Hubbard, Lionel Hubbard and Rodrigo Salcedo DuBois 12. Agri-Environmental Policy, Rural Environments and Forks in the Road: A Comparative Analysis of the US and the UK Clive Potter and Steven Wolf 13. Nature Conservation and Environmental Management: Working Landscapes in Adirondack Park, USA, and Cairngorms National Park, UK Jo Vergunst, Charles Geisler and Richard Stedman 14. Regionalism and Rural Policy Sally Hewitt and Nicola Thompson 15. Rural Governance: Participation, Power and Possibilities for Action Megan Swindal and Ruth McAreavey 16. Constructing the Rural-Urban Interface: Place Still Matters in a Highly Mobile Society Mark Shucksmith, David L. Brown and Jo Vergunst Annex: The Statistical Measurement of Urban and Rural Residence in the UK and US Tony Champion and David L. Brown