Russia’s post-Soviet modernisation is complex and subject to changing interpretations among Russian political leaders and observers of Russia. This has created serious problems for understanding Russia and the changes it is currently undergoing. With this in mind, a new Finnish Centre of Excellence was established in 2012 at the Aleksanteri Institute of the University of Helsinki under the title ‘Choices of Russian Modernisation’. This collection of essays represents some of the first examples of the Centre’s research. Reflecting the broad range of issues explored in the work of the Centre, it covers questions of Russia’s historical legacy, technological development, energy economy, political regime, political opposition, social development, religious life and external relations. The authors are all members of or affiliated to the Centre of Excellence.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.
Table of Contents
1. Russian Modernisation—A New Paradigm
Markku Kivinen & Terry Cox
2. The Imperial Dimension of Russian Modernisation: A Multiple Modernities Perspective
3. Modernisation of the Russian Energy Sector: Constraints on Utilising Arctic Offshore Oil Resources
4. Competition as a Means of Systemic Modernisation in State Socialism
5. Technological Modernisation in the Soviet Union and Post-Soviet Russia: Practices and Continuities
6. Opportunities and Constraints of Authoritarian Modernisation: Russian Policy Reforms in the 2000s
Vladimir Gel’man & Andrey Starodubtsev
7. Aleksei Naval’nyi and Populist Re-ordering of Putin’s Stability
8. Interest Representation and Social Policy Making: Russian Veterans’ Organisations as Brokers between the State and Society
Meri Kulmala & Anna Tarasenko
9. ‘With a Little Help from my Friends’: Russia’s Modernisation and the Visa Regime with the European Union
Sirke Mäkinen, Hanna Smith & Tuomas Forsberg
10. Protected and Controlled. Islam and ‘Desecularisation from Above’ in Russia
Markku Kivinen is one of the leading social theorists in Russian studies. He has been the Director of the Aleksanteri Institute – the Finnish Centre for Russian and Eastern European Studies since 1996, and the Director of the Finnish Centre of Excellence in Russian Studies: Choices of Russian Modernisation since 2012.
Terry Cox is Professor of Central and East European Studies at the University of Glasgow, UK. His current research projects are on civil society and social policy in Eastern Europe.