1st Edition

Russian Modernization A New Paradigm

Edited By Markku Kivinen, Brendan G. Humphreys Copyright 2021
    394 Pages 7 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    394 Pages 7 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Building on an original interpretation of social theory and an interdisciplinary approach, this book creates a new paradigm in the Russian studies. Taking a fresh view of Russia’s multiple experiences of modernization, it seeks to explain the Putin era in a completely new way.

    This book explores the paradoxical and contradictory aspects of Russia, analyzing the energy-dependent economy and hybrid political regime, but also religion, welfare, and culture, and their often complex interrelations. Written by a community of both Western and Russian scholars, this book re-affirms the value of social science when confronting a society that has undergone enormous and costly systematic changes. The Russian elites see modernization narrowly as economic and technological competitiveness. The contributors to this volume see contemporary Russia facing a series of antinomies, which are macro-level dilemmas that cannot be abolished, either by philosophical mediation or by immediate political decisions. As such, they are the tension fields that constitute choices for various competing agencies.

    This book will be of interest to scholars and students of Russian studies, transition studies, sociology, social policy, political science, energy policy, cultural studies, and stratification studies. Professionals involved in energy, ecology, and security policy will also find this publication a rich source.

    Chapter 1 – Russian Modernization: A New Paradigm

    Markku Kivinen and Mikhail Maslovskiy

    Chapter 2 – Modernization of the Russian Economy: Fossil Fuels, Diversification and the Shackles of International Political Economy

    Pami Aalto and Anna Lowry

    Chapter 3 – Authoritarian Modernization in Post-Soviet Russia: Structures, Agencies, and Choices

    Vladimir Gel’man, Markku Kangaspuro, Jouko Nikula, Jussi Lassila, Anna-Liisa Heusala, Marina Khmelnitskaya  and Andrey Starodubtsev

    Chapter 4 – Modernization of the Russian Social Policy: Social Crisis, Interventions, and Withdrawals

    Markku Kivinen, Meri Kulmala, Jouko Nikula, Simo Mannila, Markus Kainu, Laura Kemppainen, Teemu Kemppainen, Kaarina Aitamurto, Andrey Starodubtsev, Roosa Rytkönen, Marina Khmelnitskaya and Anna Tarasenko

    Chapter 5 – Post-Soviet Russian Culture: Anomy, Desecularization and the Conservative Turn

    Markku Kivinen, Arto Mustajoki, Jouko Nikula, Ira Österberg, Kaarina Aitamurto, Elina Kahla, Vesa Oittinen, Elina Viljanen, Markku Kangaspuro, Jussi Lassila, Susanna Hast, Veli-Pekka Tynkkynen and Saara Ratilainen

    Chapter 6 – Modernization of Russia’s Foreign and Security Policy

    Tuomas Forsberg, Hanna Smith, Katri Pynnönniemi, Sirke Mäkinen, Nina Tynkkynen and Veli-Pekka Tynkkynen

    Chapter 7 – Interdisciplinary Synthesis: Antinomies of Russian Modernization

    Markku Kivinen and Brendan Humphreys


    Markku Kivinen is a sociologist of Russia, and founder and former Director for 23 years to the Aleksanteri Institute, the Finnish Centre for Russian and East European studies.

    Brendan Humphreys is a senior researcher at the Aleksanteri Institute, the Finnish Centre for Russian and East European studies, and affiliated with Urbaria, the Helsinki Centre for Urban studies.

    "The culmination of an ambitious and extraordinarily productive eight-year multi-author study of the various dimensions of Russian modernisation, the outlines of a new paradigm are presented here, combining wide-ranging interdisciplinary investigations, social theory and the best of area studies. Containing a wealth of theoretical insight and empirical analysis by an impressive range of specialists, this pioneering volume applies the concept of modernisation while modernising the concept itself." - Richard Sakwa, University of Kent, UK.

    "A beacon of cool, perceptive empirical analyses and open-ended theorization in a field infested with fixed ideas and ideologies. Illuminating." - Göran Therborn, emeritus, University of Cambridge, UK.