1st Edition

Rye
Genetics, Breeding, and Cultivation





ISBN 9781138033696
Published October 19, 2016 by CRC Press
387 Pages - 66 B/W Illustrations

USD $90.95

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Book Description

Owing to its considerable winter hardiness, rye is a cereal that played a major role in the feeding of European populations throughout the Middle Ages. Recent data shows that rye is grown on about 5.4 million hectares, with a world production of approximately 13 million tons. While still an important bread food in many countries, rye produced for bread making has decreased or stagnated, whereas production is increasing for other market segments. Particularly, rye for feeding, ethanol processing, and biogas is promoted in Europe.

The first comprehensive monograph on rye, Rye: Genetics, Breeding, and Cultivation gathers all the relevant and historic information from botany and genetics to utilization and sustainability of rye. The book covers taxonomy, morphology, and other botany-related aspects of rye. It describes its physiology, cytology, and genetics, including use for genetic improvement of other cereals. The author addresses various types of breeding such as population, hybrid, and molecular breeding. He also discusses rye cropping, including seeding techniques, fungal and viral diseases, and predators.

The book examines the various uses for rye beyond bread making. This includes feeding, biomass and biogas production, ethanol production, and other important characteristics such as phytosterol content and antioxidant activity. It also explores the nutritional value of rye. Written by a leading expert in the field, this monograph compiles the most important facets of rye research, past and present.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Botany
Origin
Taxonomy and Cytotaxonomy
Gross Morphology
Root System
Seeds
Flowering, Fertilization, and Apomixis
Rye Genebanks and Collections

Physiology
Life Cycle
Cold Tolerance
Drought Tolerance
Nutrition
In Vitro Behavior
Preharvest Sprouting
Vernalization

Cytology
Genome Structure
Chromosome Number
Karyotype and Homeology
Chromosome Pairing
Sporogenesis
Primary Aneuploids
Reciprocal Translocations
Genetic Donor for Other Crops

Genetics
Nomenclature and Designation of Genes
General
Chromosomal and/or Regional Localization of Genes and Markers
Linkages
QTL Mapping
Physical Mapping
Comparative Mapping
Gene Regulation
DNA and Gene Transfer

Cytoplasm, Cytoplasmic Male Sterility, and Restorer
Cytoplasm
Alloplasmic Rye

Breeding
Diploid Rye
Tetraploid Rye
Dual-Purpose Rye
Breeding Activities, Varieties, and Institutions Worldwide

Rye Cropping
No-Till Rye
Seeding
Diseases, Susceptibility, and Resistance
Growth Regulators
Incorporation in Crop Rotation
Allelopathic Effects
Volunteering
Allergenic Pollen

Utilization
Nutritional Value
Feeding
Bread Making
Biomass and Biogas Production
Catch Crop
Ethanol Production
Other Uses

Epilogue
References
Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Rolf H. J. Schlegel, PhD, DSc, is a professor of cytogenetics and plant breeding with over 40 years of experience in research and teaching advanced genetics and plant breeding in Germany and Bulgaria. Professor Schlegel has authored more than 200 research papers and other scientific contributions, co-coordinated international research projects, and been a scientific consultant at the Bulgarian Academy of Agricultural Sciences for several years. He earned his master’s in agriculture and plant breeding and his PhD and DSc in genetics and cytogenetics from the Martin Luther University, Halle/S., Germany. His latest book contributions include Dictionary of Plant Breeding (2009), 2nd ed. (Taylor & Francis, Inc., New York), Concise Encyclopedia of Crop Improvement: Institutions, Persons, Theories, Methods, and Histories (2007) (Haworth Press, New York).