Safeguarding the Atom : A Critical Appraisal book cover
1st Edition

Safeguarding the Atom
A Critical Appraisal

ISBN 9780367515997
Published September 4, 2022 by Routledge
268 Pages

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Book Description

Safeguards play a key role in verifying the effectiveness of restraints on the spread of nuclear weapons. Originally published in 1985, this book is a study of the safeguards system of the International Atomic Energy Agency, an important element of the non-proliferation regime. It breaks new ground by focusing on the politics of safeguards, especially the political problems of the IAEA and of the day-to-day application of safeguards. It contains a critical appraisal and proposals for ways of improving existing procedures, and of adapting them to the political and technological changes of recent years.

Safeguarding the Atom gives an analysis of the following questions:

  • What are IAEA safeguards and how do they work?
  • How effective are they?
  • How can they be reinforced?
  • What sanctions can be imposed in the event of non-compliance?

IAEA safeguards represent the world's first and so far only attempt to verify an arms control agreement by systematic on-site inspection, and their applicability to other arms control measures is examined.

Table of Contents

Foreword.  Preface.  Glossary.  Part 1: International Safeguards David Fischer  1. Overview  2. The Three Main Elements  3. The Political Framework and Constraints  4. The Technical Basis  5. The Risk of Secret Nuclear Plants  6. Limits to the Present Approach  7. Problems with Safeguards Methods  8. Problems with Safeguards Procedures  9. SAGSI and SIR  10. Regional Safeguards Systems, EURATOM and Japan  11. Defects of the Safeguards Documents  12. The IAEA's Interfaces with States  13. Trigger Lists, the London Club and INFCE  14. New Institutions  15. The Need for New Perceptions  16. IAEA Safeguards and Arms Control  Part 2: Sanctions Paul Szasz. IAEA Safeguards: Sanctions  Part 3: Conclusions and Recommendations  Appendix 1. Facts about the IAEA.  Appendix 2. Safeguards Techniques and Equipment.  Appendix 3. Nuclear Plants Under Construction or Operating in the Developing Countries Outside Europe (Power and Research Reactors and Significant Fuel Facilities).  Appendix 4. The IAEA Safeguards System of 1965-68, INFCIRC/66 Rev. 2.  Appendix 5. The IAEA Model NPT Safeguards Agreement of 1971, INFCIRC/153.  Appendix 6. Duration and Termination of INFCIRC/66 Agreements, GOV/1621 of 1973.  Appendix 7. The IAEA Inspector's Document of 1961, GC(V)INF/39.  Appendix 8. Guidelines for Nuclear Transfers of 1977, INFCIRC/254.  Appendix 9. The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).  Appendix 10. Status of the Implementation of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and of the NPT Safeguards Agreements, as of 1 January 1985.  Appendix 11. Non-NPT Safeguards Agreement. Index.

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David Fischer, Paul Szasz

Jozef Goldblat

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

SIPRI is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. Established in 1966, SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public. Based in Stockholm, SIPRI is regularly ranked among the most respected think tanks worldwide.