Safety Management: Near Miss Identification, Recognition, and Investigation, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Safety Management

Near Miss Identification, Recognition, and Investigation, 1st Edition

By Ron C. McKinnon

CRC Press

197 pages | 30 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2012-02-27
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Description

Close calls, narrow escapes, or near hits. History has shown repeatedly that these "near-miss" incidents often precede loss producing events, but are largely ignored or go unreported because nothing (no injury, damage or loss) happened. Thus, many opportunities to prevent the accidents that the organization has not yet had are lost. Recognizing and reporting "near-miss" incidents can make a major difference to the safety of workers within organizations.

Supported by more than 30 years of international safety experience and research, Safety Management: Near Miss Identification, Recognition, and Investigation discusses the safety philosophy behind "near-miss" incidents and clearly demonstrates the accident sequence showing the Three Luck Factors that determine the outcome of the event. The author highlights the fortuity of the event and how a simple risk assessment can be used to identify the causes of the event and rectify them. He also explains the management functions of safety and how they relate to "near-miss" incidents.

  • Explains and reaffirms safety philosophies first proposed more than 80 years ago
  • Applies the technique of risk assessment on "near-miss" incidents to identify high potential loss events
  • Includes real-life examples of "near-miss" incidents to support the importance of "near-miss" recognition and investigation
  • Provides examples of reporting forms, report tracking and "near-miss" incident awareness training on www.crcpress.com

"Near-miss" incidents are truly the foundation of major injuries, the building blocks of accidents, and warning signs that loss is imminent. They can also form the impetus for proactive, preventative actions. This book explores how to implement a "near-miss" incident identification, recognition, investigation, and rectification program.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Clearing the Confusion

Minor Injury Is Not a Near Miss Incident

Near Miss Incidents

Accidents versus Near Miss Incidents

Accidents, Near Miss Incidents, and Injuries

Definitions: Injuries and Diseases

Accident Sequence

A Measure of Safety

Conclusion

The Safety Philosophy behind Near Miss Incidents

Introduction

Tracking Near Miss Incidents

Near Miss—or Near Hit?

Benefits

Examples of Near Miss Incidents

Red Flags

A Gift

Precursors to Accidents

Heed the Warnings

High Potential for Loss

Facts about Near Miss Incidents

Contact (Energy Exchange) Types

Business Interruption

The Accident Ratios

The Accident Ratio Conclusion

Preventative Opportunities

Immediate Accident Causes

Traditional Research

Exchange of Energy and Contact

Injury, Damage, or Loss

Conclusion

Safety Management Functions That Relate to Near Miss Incidents

Introduction

Management Leadership

Positive Behavior Reinforcement

What Is a Manager?

Basic Management Functions

Safety Management Principles Relating to Near Miss Incidents

Professional Safety Management Principles

Safety Management Principles

Safety Success viz-a-viz Management Leadership

Conclusion

Near Miss Incidents, Myths and Safety Paradigms

No Injury—No Accident (No Blood, No Foul)

Why Injuries Are Seen as "Safety"

Damage

Accident Ratios

Risk Assessment

Iceberg Effect

Near Miss Incidents Aren’t Important: A Paradigm

Injury-Free Culture

Near Miss Incidents Not Reported

Warnings in Advance

Luck Factors

Space Shuttle Columbia

Conclusion

Safety and Health Policies

Introduction

Safety and Health Policy

Conclusion

Near Miss Incident Risk Management and Assessment

Introduction

The Risk Management Process

Risk Assessment

Risk Control

Safety Management Control

Risk Ranking of Near Miss Incidents

Conclusion

Safety Auditing

Introduction

Reasons for Audits

Benefits of Audits

How Does an Audit Work?

Who Should Conduct Audits?

The Audit Program

How to Do an Audit Inspection

Internationally Accepted Audit-Based Safety Systems

Conclusion

Near Miss Incident and Accident Recall

Introduction

Reporting

A Matter of Luck

Recalling the Near Miss Incident

Benefits of Near Miss Incident Recall

Benefits of Accident Recall

Precontact and Postcontact Activities

Discipline

Methods of Recall

Major Loss Briefing

Safety Stand Down

Accident Recall Aids

Acting upon Near Miss Incident Recall

Risk Assessment

Conclusion

How to Motivate for Safety

Introduction

Motivation

Create the Right Environment

The Hawthorne Effect

Foundation of Motivationxi Contents

The Ten Rules of Safety Motivation

Pushing the String

Implementing a Near Miss Incident System: Introduction

How to Make It Happen

Observations

Recognizing Reported Safe Work

Safety Suggestions and Recommendations

Constraints

Understanding

Benefits

Buy-In

Reporting

No Names

Resistance to Change

Barriers to Reporting

Long-Time Employee

Implementing a Near Miss Incident Reporting System: Implementaion

Setting the Standard

What Are Critical Safety and Health System Elements?

Safety and Health Management System (Program)

Implementing a Near Miss Incident Reporting System: Follow Up

Introduction

Reporting System Follow Up

Main Requirements

Conclusion

Investigating High Potential Near Miss Incidents

No Difference

Purpose

Accident/Near Miss Incident Investigation Facts

Postcontact versus Precontact

Potential Losses and Risk Ranking of Probabilities

Benefits of Accident and Near Miss Incident Investigation

Principle of Multiple Causes

Principle of Definition

The Golden Rule of Accident and Near Miss Incident Investigation

Who Should Investigate?

Investigation Form

Near Miss Incident/Accident Investigation Procedure

Lost Opportunities

Conclusion

Summary

Safety in the Shadows

Summary of the Book

Conclusion

References

Index

About the Originator

Author

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009060
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety