Sartorial Practices and Social Order in Eighteenth-Century Sweden
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The interplay between clothes and social order in early modern societies is well known. Differences in dress and hierarchies of appearances coincided with and structured social hierarchies and notions of difference. However, clothes did not merely reproduce set social patterns. They were agents of change, actively used by individuals and groups to make claims and transgress formal boundaries. This was not least the case for the revolutionary decades of the late eighteenth century, the period in focus of this book. Unlike previous studies on sumptuary laws and other legal actions taken by governments and formal power holders, this book offers a broader and more everyday perspective on late eighteenth-century sartorial discourse. In 1773, there was a publicly announced prize competition on the advantages and disadvantages of a national dress in Sweden. Departing from the submitted replies, the study opens a window onto the sartorial world. Several fields of cultural history are brought together: social culture in terms of order, hierarchies and notions of difference; sartorial culture with contemporary views on dress and moral aspects of sartorial practices; and visual culture in terms of sartorial means of making difference and the emphasis on the necessity of a legible social order.
Table of Contents
1. A Question Posed: Entering the Sartorial World
2. The Nature of Order
3. Disorder in the Sartorial World
4. The Ordering of Difference
5. Fashioning Difference: Conclusions
Mikael Alm is a Senior Lecturer in History at Uppsala University.