This book explores the problem of scientific dishonesty and misconduct – a problem that affects all disciplines, yet whose extent remains largely unknown and for which established standards for reporting, prevention, and punishment are absent. Presenting examples of research misconduct, the authors examine the reasons for its occurrence and address the experience of victimization that is involved, together with the perpetrators’ reactions to being accused. With consideration of the role of witnesses and bystanders, such as book and journal editors and reviewers, students and professional organizations, the book covers the many forms of academic misconduct, offering a theorization of the phenomenon in criminological terms as a particular form of crime, before examining the possibilities that exist for the prevention and control of scholarly crime, as well as implications for further research. An accessible treatment of a problem that remains largely hidden, Scholarly Crimes and Misdemeanors will appeal to readers across disciplines, and particularly those in the social sciences with interests in academic life, research ethics and criminology.
List of Insets and Figures
Preface: Help! My Brainchild’s Been Kidnapped!
1. Intellectual Misconduct: Backwards, Forward, and Sideways
2. The World of Scholarship: Rituals and Rewards, Norms and Departures
3. Structural and Organizational Causes of Scholarly Misconduct
4. Cultural Causes of Scholarly Misconduct
5. Individual and Situational Causes of Scholarly Misconduct
6. Scholarly Misconduct as Crime
7. Criminological Theory and Scholarly Crime
8. Implications for Theory and Research
9. Preventing and Controlling Scholarly Crime
Afterword: Against All Odds, a Code Is Born
Appendix: Others’ Stories of Scholarly Misconduct
List of Abbreviations