This book addresses the complex relationship between the values of liberal democracy and the values associated with scientific research. The chapters explore how these values mutually reinforce or conflict with one another, in both historical and contemporary contexts.
The contributors utilize various approaches to address this timely subject, including historical studies, philosophical analysis, and sociological case studies. The chapters cover a range of topics including academic freedom and autonomy, public control of science, the relationship between scientific pluralism and deliberative democracy, lay-expert relations in a democracy, and the threat of populism and autocracy to scientific inquiry. Taken together the essays demonstrate how democratic values and the epistemic and non-epistemic values associated with science are interconnected.
Science, Freedom, Democracy will be of interest to scholars and graduate students working in philosophy of science, history of philosophy, sociology of science, political philosophy, and epistemology.
1. Science, Freedom, Democracy: Introduction
Péter Hartl and Adam Tamas Tuboly
Part I. Academic Freedom and Other Values in Science and Society
2. Michael Polanyi's Post-Critical Vision of Science and Society
3. The Ethos of Science and Central Planning: Merton and Michael Polanyi on the Autonomy of Science
4. Scientific Freedom and Social Responsibility
5. Bacon’s Promise
Part II: Democracy and Citizen Participation in Science
6. Which Science, Which Democracy, and Which Freedom?
7. Participatory Democracy and Multi-Strategic Research
8. Public Opinion, Democratic Legitimacy, and Epistemic Compromise
Part III: Freedom and Pluralism in Scientific Methodology and Values
9. Are Transparency and Representativeness of Values Hampering Scientific Pluralism?
Jeroen Van Bouwel
10. Max Weber’s Value-Judgment and the Problem of Science Policy-making
"Hartl and Tuboly edited this timely collection of ten essays examining the tangled connections between the principles of liberal democracy and those of scientific research. This text is an important compilation of current scholarship on how the values of liberal democracy and the values of scientific research can either support each other or be in conflict. Summing up: Recommended."