This book addresses the complex relationship between the values of liberal democracy and the values associated with scientific research. The chapters explore how these values mutually reinforce or conflict with one another, in both historical and contemporary contexts.
The contributors utilize various approaches to address this timely subject, including historical studies, philosophical analysis, and sociological case studies. The chapters cover a range of topics including academic freedom and autonomy, public control of science, the relationship between scientific pluralism and deliberative democracy, lay-expert relations in a democracy, and the threat of populism and autocracy to scientific inquiry. Taken together the essays demonstrate how democratic values and the epistemic and non-epistemic values associated with science are interconnected.
Science, Freedom, Democracy will be of interest to scholars and graduate students working in philosophy of science, history of philosophy, sociology of science, political philosophy, and epistemology.
Table of Contents
1. Science, Freedom, Democracy: Introduction
Péter Hartl and Adam Tamas Tuboly
Part I. Academic Freedom and Other Values in Science and Society
2. Michael Polanyi's Post-Critical Vision of Science and Society
3. The Ethos of Science and Central Planning: Merton and Michael Polanyi on the Autonomy of Science
4. Scientific Freedom and Social Responsibility
5. Bacon’s Promise
Part II: Democracy and Citizen Participation in Science
6. Which Science, Which Democracy, and Which Freedom?
7. Participatory Democracy and Multi-Strategic Research
8. Public Opinion, Democratic Legitimacy, and Epistemic Compromise
Part III: Freedom and Pluralism in Scientific Methodology and Values
9. Are Transparency and Representativeness of Values Hampering Scientific Pluralism?
Jeroen Van Bouwel
10. Max Weber’s Value-Judgment and the Problem of Science Policy-making
Péter Hartl is a research fellow at the Institute of Philosophy, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, MTA BTK Lendület Morals and Science Research Group. His research focuses on epistemology and the history of philosophy (Hume, Michael Polanyi). He published papers on Polanyi, Hume, and modal epistemology. He co-edited "The Value of Truth" special issue for Synthese. His monograph on Hume is under contract.
Adam Tamas Tuboly is a postdoctoral researcher at the Institute of Philosophy, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, MTA BTK Lendület Morals and Science Research Group, and a research fellow at the Institute of Transdisciplinary Discoveries, Medical School, University of Pécs. He works on the history of logical empiricism and has edited numerous volumes on it.