1st Edition

Science, Freedom, Democracy

Edited By Péter Hartl, Adam Tamas Tuboly Copyright 2021
    238 Pages
    by Routledge

    238 Pages
    by Routledge

    This book addresses the complex relationship between the values of liberal democracy and the values associated with scientific research. The chapters explore how these values mutually reinforce or conflict with one another, in both historical and contemporary contexts.

    The contributors utilize various approaches to address this timely subject, including historical studies, philosophical analysis, and sociological case studies. The chapters cover a range of topics including academic freedom and autonomy, public control of science, the relationship between scientific pluralism and deliberative democracy, lay-expert relations in a democracy, and the threat of populism and autocracy to scientific inquiry. Taken together the essays demonstrate how democratic values and the epistemic and non-epistemic values associated with science are interconnected.

    Science, Freedom, Democracy will be of interest to scholars and graduate students working in philosophy of science, history of philosophy, sociology of science, political philosophy, and epistemology.

    1. Science, Freedom, Democracy: Introduction

    Péter Hartl and Adam Tamas Tuboly

    Part I. Academic Freedom and Other Values in Science and Society

    2. Michael Polanyi's Post-Critical Vision of Science and Society

    Phil Mullins

    3. The Ethos of Science and Central Planning: Merton and Michael Polanyi on the Autonomy of Science

    Péter Hartl

    4. Scientific Freedom and Social Responsibility

    Heather Douglas

    5. Bacon’s Promise

    Janet Kourany

    Part II: Democracy and Citizen Participation in Science

    6. Which Science, Which Democracy, and Which Freedom?

    Hans Radder

    7. Participatory Democracy and Multi-Strategic Research

    Hugh Lacey

    8. Public Opinion, Democratic Legitimacy, and Epistemic Compromise

    Dustin Olson

    Part III: Freedom and Pluralism in Scientific Methodology and Values

    9. Are Transparency and Representativeness of Values Hampering Scientific Pluralism?

    Jeroen Van Bouwel

    10. Max Weber’s Value-Judgment and the Problem of Science Policy-making

    Lidia Godek


    Péter Hartl is a research fellow at the Institute of Philosophy, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, MTA BTK Lendület Morals and Science Research Group. His research focuses on epistemology and the history of philosophy (Hume, Michael Polanyi). He published papers on Polanyi, Hume, and modal epistemology. He co-edited "The Value of Truth" special issue for Synthese. His monograph on Hume is under contract.

    Adam Tamas Tuboly is a postdoctoral researcher at the Institute of Philosophy, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, MTA BTK Lendület Morals and Science Research Group, and a research fellow at the Institute of Transdisciplinary Discoveries, Medical School, University of Pécs. He works on the history of logical empiricism and has edited numerous volumes on it.

    "Hartl and Tuboly edited this timely collection of ten essays examining the tangled connections between the principles of liberal democracy and those of scientific research. This text is an important compilation of current scholarship on how the values of liberal democracy and the values of scientific research can either support each other or be in conflict. Summing up: Recommended."