1st Edition

Science, Information, and Policy Interface for Effective Coastal and Ocean Management

    512 Pages 27 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    512 Pages 27 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book provides a timely analysis of the role that information—particularly scientific information—plays in the policy-making and decision-making processes in coastal and ocean management. It includes contributions from global experts in marine environmental science, marine policy, fisheries, public policy and administration, resource management, risk management, and information management.

    The book is divided into four sections that provide focused analyses, including

    • An overview of the characteristics of the science–policy interface, including a discussion of the role of scientific information in policy making and an argument that the term "science–policy interface" is inaccurate due to the existence of many possible interfaces
    • Descriptions of fundamental concepts and principles for understanding the role of information in effective integrated coastal and ocean management
    • National and international case studies that illustrate key factors in successful science–policy interfaces, such as awareness, communication, and use of information
    • Critical issues and future research challenges

    The book also explores the different types of science–policy interfaces existing within and between different organizations, as well as the various roles that different types of non-governmental organizations play in producing and disseminating information.

    Science, Information, and Policy Interface for Effective Coastal and Ocean Management presents a wealth of knowledge that enhances current best practices to achieve more effective communication and use of marine environmental information. Useful to all major groups in the policy-making process, from senior policy- and decision-makers to practitioners in coastal and ocean management, it helps to increase understanding of catalysts and barriers to communicating research findings. It also serves as a starting point for further research and progress in efficient marine environment management.

    The Open Access version of this book, available at https://doi.org/10.1201/b21483, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.


    Bertrum H. MacDonald, Suzuette S. Soomai, Elizabeth M. De Santo, and Peter G. Wells

    Understanding the Science–Policy Interface in Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management
    Bertrum H. MacDonald, Suzuette S. Soomai, Elizabeth M. De Santo, and Peter G. Wells


    Exploring the Role of Science in Coastal and Ocean Management: A Review
    Brian Coffey and Kevin O’Toole

    Science Information and Global Ocean Governance
    Jake Rice

    Risk Refined at the Science–Policy Interface: The International Risk Governance Framework Applied to Different Classes of Coastal Zone Risks
    Kevin Quigley and Kate Porter

    Governing the Marine Environment through Information: Fisheries, Shipping and Tourism
    Hilde M. Toonen and Arthur P. J. Mol

    Inducing Better Stakeholder Searches for Environmental Information Relevant to Coastal Conservation
    Diana L. Ascher and William Ascher

    When Scientific Uncertainty Is in the Eye of the Beholder: Using Network Analysis to Understand the Building of Trust in Science
    Troy W. Hartley

    Designing Usable Environmental Research
    Elizabeth C. McNie, Angela Bednarek, Ryan Meyer, and Adam Parris

    The Balancing Act of Science in Public Policy
    Peter Gluckman and Kristiann Allen

    Measuring Awareness, Use, and Influence of Information—Where Theory Meets Practice
    Suzuette S. Soomai, Peter G. Wells, Bertrum H. MacDonald, Elizabeth M. De Santo, and Anatoliy Gruzd


    What Do Users Want from a State of the Environment Report? A Case Study of Awareness and Use of Canada’s State of the Scotian Shelf Report
    James D. Ross and Heather Breeze

    The Environmental Effects of Ocean Shipping and the Science–Policy Interface
    Elizabeth R. DeSombre

    Just Evidence: Opening Health Knowledge to a Parliament of Evidence
    Janice E. Graham and Mavis Jones

    Information Matters—The Influence of the Atlantic Coastal Zone Information Steering Committee on Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management in Atlantic Canada
    Andrew G. Sherin and Alexi Baccardax Westcott

    A Career-Based Perspective of Science–Policy Linkages in Environment Canada: The Role of Information in Managing Human Activities in Our Ocean Spaces
    Peter G. Wells

    Bridging the Science–Policy Divide to Promote Fisheries Knowledge for All: The Case of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Lahsen Ababouch, Marc Taconet, Julian Plummer, Luca Garibaldi, and Stefania Vannuccini

    Informing and Improving Fisheries Management Outcomes: An Atlantic Canadian Large Pelagics Case Study by the Ecology Action Centre
    Susanna D. Fuller, Kathryn E. Schleit, Heather J. Grant, and Shannon Arnold


    Does Information Matter in ICOM? Critical Issues and the Path Forward
    Elizabeth M. De Santo, Suzuette S. Soomai, Peter G. Wells, and Bertrum H. MacDonald


    Bertrum H. MacDonald is professor of information management in the School of Information Management and dean of the Faculty of Management at Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. He holds a PhD and MLS in information science. His research investigates the dissemination and use of scientific information in historical and contemporary contexts. He is particularly interested in interdisciplinary research which led to the launch of the Environmental Information: Use and Influence research program at Dalhousie University. Since the mid-2000s, he and his research colleagues, along with a multidisciplinary team of students, have pursued research about information activities at the science-policy interface in marine management in collaboration with provincial, national, and international governmental and intergovernmental organizations. He has held a Fellowship at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC, won the international Grey Net Award with his Dalhousie colleagues, and was awarded the Marie Tremaine Medal, the highest honour of the Bibliographical Society of Canada. In addition to administrative leadership at Dalhousie University, he is currently serving in executive positions with local, national, and international associations.Suzuette S. Soomai is a postdoctoral fellow with the Environmental Information: Use and Influence (EIUI) research program. Her research focuses on the role of scientific information in policy- and decision-making for marine fisheries management. She holds an interdisciplinary PhD and a master's degree in marine management from Dalhousie University. Prior to joining EIUI, she was a government fisheries scientist in Trinidad and Tobago, where she worked closely with the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism and the Food and Agriculture Organization. She has published extensively in the technical report series of these organizations. She has also worked with the fishing industry in a range

    "This volume will be of great use to the growing numbers of ocean practitioners from all sectors, dedicated to improving the health and sustainability of our oceans, for generations to come."
    —Michael H. Depledge, University of Exeter Medical School, from the Foreword

    "Although there is international acceptance of the need for integrated coastal and ocean management (ICOM), this book demonstrates that increased scientific understanding of these environments does not necessarily lead to better policy making. This book is unique in that it examines the diversity of actors and factors bridging the science–policy interface, such as the inclusion of both gray and primary literature, different forms of knowledge, information brokers, boundary organizations, different levels of decision makers, governance structures, and politics."
    —Nick Harvey, University of Adelaide

    "Global coastal systems are among the dynamic and complex environments humans engage. This volume takes on a rare and broad-ranging view of how science and information can be used to more effectively and sustainably manage these essential places. It is a welcome contribution to the literature during a period of great social vulnerability to global environmental change. The authors lucidly articulate contextual and conceptual frameworks to better understand the science–policy interface in the early pages of the book. Then, to expand and solidify the value of the book, they build a series of case-based analyses for clarity of argument. This volume is of great value to those working at the science–policy interface generally and the coastal systems change in particular."
    —Robert E. Bowen, University of Massachusetts

    "This book will be useful to all major groups in the policy-making process, including senior policy makers and decision makers, policy advisors, resource managers, information managers, scientists and other practitioners in coastal and ocean management. The authors have wisely dedicated this book to the new generation of professionals involved in the challenging task of managing our coastal and ocean spaces for future generations. It adds substantially to the growing body of research literature on the science–policy interface and I recommend this important volume to the new generation of ‘information brokers’ who occupy the space between science and policy and build bridges of communication and understanding."
    —Lawrence Hildebrand, World Maritime University

    "This book is a must-read for both practitioners and scholars of science–policy interaction in ocean politics, and will also be a useful reference point beyond this domain for the entire field of global environmental governance."
    —Frank Biermann, Utrecht University and Earth System Governance Project

    "This book addresses how to communicate scientific information to policy makers so that it can be used most effectively in decision making and ultimately to improve the sustainability of human activities in the ocean. The theme, Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management (ICOM), encapsulates the broader systems-based approach that is required to solve the complex problems faced in the oceans today that derive from multiple stressors and may involve many sectors. As a scientist who has often worked on the interface of knowledge and policy I found I recognized many of the themes picked up in this book. It is a tremendously valuable contribution to advancing sustainable management and conservation of the ocean and will be of use to marine scientists, students who have an interest in applying their work and knowledge to real problems, and to the governance and NGO community, whether they wish to make better use of science in policy development or whether they want to get others to make use of such information."
    —Alex David Rogers, University of Oxford

    "Is the book worth reading? I certainly think so. The case studies are interesting and illustrate theoretical concepts put forward in the book quite well. Researchers looking for inspiration will find this book invaluable. The book will be equally interesting for decision makers."
    —Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, January 2017