1st Edition

Science, Technology and Cultural Heritage

Edited By Miguel Angel Rogerio-Candelera Copyright 2014

    The Second International Congress on Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage was held in Seville, Spain, June 24-27, 2014, under the umbrella of the TechnoHeritage network. TechnoHeritage is an initiative funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitivity dedicated to the creation of a network which integrates CSIC and University groups, private companies and end users such as foundations, museums or institutions. The network’s purpose is to foster the creation of transdisciplinary (and not only multidisciplinary) initiatives focused on the study of all assets, movable or immovable, that make up Cultural Heritage.

    The congress was dedicated to six topics, namely (1) Environmental assessment and monitoring (pollution, climate change, natural events, etc.) of Cultural Heritage; (2) New products and materials for conservation and maintenance of Cultural Heritage; (3) Agents and mechanisms of deterioration of Cultural Heritage (physical, chemical, biological), including deterioration of modern materials used in Contemporary Art and information storage; (4) Development of new instruments, non invasive technologies and innovative solutions for analysis, protection and conservation of Cultural Heritage; (5) Security technologies, remote sensing and G.I.S. for the protection and management of Cultural Heritage; and (6) Significance, social value and policies for the conservation of Cultural Heritage.

    This volume publishes a total of seventy-two contributions which reflect some of the most recent responses to the challenge of cultural assets conservation and the application of different scientific approaches to the common goal of the conservation of Cultural Heritage.

    Science, Technology, and Cultural Heritage: An inexorable relationship
    M.A. Rogerio-Candelera

    Climate change, sea level rise and impact on monuments in Venice
    D. Camuffo, C. Bertolin & P. Schenal

    Air pollution and preventive conservation in some European museums
    R. Van Grieken

    Low cost strategies for the environmental monitoring of Cultural Heritage: Preliminary data from the crypt of St. Francesco d’Assisi, Irsina (Basilicata, Southern Italy)
    M. Sileo, M. Biscione, F.T. Gizzi, N. Masini & M.I. Martinez-Garrido

    Monitoring moisture distribution on stone and masonry walls
    M.I. Martinez-Garrido, M. Gomez-Heras, R. Fort & M.J. Varas-Muriel

    Effects of open shelters on limestone decay: The case-study of the Bishop’s Palace archaeological site in Witney (England)
    C. Cabello Briones

    Air quality assessment and protection treatments impact on the collection of the Museo Naval (Madrid, Spain)
    J. Peña-Poza, F. Agua, J.F. Conde, P. De San Pío, S. García Ramírez, J.M. Gálvez Farfán, J.M. Moreno Martín, M. González Rodrigo, M. García-Heras & M.A. Villegas

    Establishing the relationship between underwater cultural heritage deterioration and marine environmental factors. A comparative analysis of the Bucentaure and Fougueux sites
    T. Fernández-Montblanc, M. Bethencourt, A. Izquierdo & M.M. González-Duarte

    Natural gamma radioactivity in granites with different weathering degrees: A case study in Braga (NW Portugal)
    M. Lima, C. Alves & J. Sanjurjo

    Accelerated weathering test as environmental behaviour trials on metals
    M.A. Gómez-Morón, F. Martín-Cobos & P. Ortiz

    Painting woods vulnerability to ultraviolet exposure
    M.A. Gómez-Morón, A. Tirado & P. Ortiz

    Physical characterization of super-fragile materials in underwater archaeological sites
    L.C. Zambrano, M. Bethencourt & M.L.A. Gil

    Underwater Cultural Heritage risk assessment related to mean and extreme storm events: A modelling case study in the Bay of Cadiz
    T. Fernández-Montblanc, A. Izquierdo & M. Bethencourt

    Another source of soluble salts in urban environments due to recent social behaviour pattern in historical centres
    B. Cámara, M. Álvarez de Buergo, R. Fort, C. Ascaso, A. de los Ríos & M. Gomez-Heras

    Historical and experimental integrated study on brick masonry identification: Comparison of two heritage buildings in the city of Alcalá de Henares (Madrid, Spain)
    R. Undurraga, J.F. Conde, F. Agua, G. Barluenga, M.A. Villegas & M. García-Heras

    Physical-chemical analysis for the research and the valorisation of the oppidum of Puente Tablas (Jaén, Spain)
    A. Sánchez, D.J. Parras, J.A. Tuñón, C. Rísquez, M.O. Rodríguez, M. Montejo, N. Ramos, J.F. García & F. Márquez López

    The use of writing inks in 12th–19th century Arabic manuscripts: A study of the collection of the School of Arabic Studies, Granada (Spain)
    S. González-García, A. López-Montes & T. Espejo-Arias

    Characterisation of the artist John Opie’s pigments, dated 1806
    N. Sancho, R. Sinha & L.K. Skipper

    New nanomaterials for conservation of Cultural Heritage: Consolidants, hydrophobic and self-cleaning products
    M.J. Mosquera, L. Pinho, D.S. Facio & F. Elhaddad

    Nanosilica and nanolime on the conservation of mortars and concretes of our heritage
    A.M. Barberena-Fernández, M. San Andrés-Moya, P.M. Carmona-Quiroga & M.T. Blanco-Varela

    Effectiveness of a novel consolidant/hydrophobic nanomaterial on stones from three archaeological sites
    F. Elhaddad, L. Pinho & M.J. Mosquera

    New consolidant product based on nanoparticles to preserve the dolomitic stone heritage
    A. Sierra-Fernandez, L.S. Gomez-Villalba, M.E. Rabanal & R. Fort

    Powdered Cellulose Project: Cellulosic fibres for dry cleaning and reinforcement of paper supports
    M.Á. Iglesias-Campos, C. Ruiz-Recasens & E. Díaz-González

    Increasing surface roughness of coatings to promote high-hydrophobicity
    J.F. Illescas & M.J. Mosquera

    Damage diagnosis and water repellent assessment in the Fuente Nueva of Martos (Jaén, Spain)
    M. Delgado del Valle & J. Espinosa-Gaitán

    Chromatic properties study of mortars with organic binder used in the reproduction of outdoor artworks
    M.L. Martínez Bazán, S. Kröner, X. Mas-Barberà, T. Mastroiacovo & G. Medda

    Epoxy resins: From industrial material to contemporary art medium
    M. Lazzari, M. Nieto-Suárez & T. López Morán

    Characterisation and purification of proteic binders used in easel paintings
    A. Branco, A. Fialho, C. Salvador, A. Candeias, A.T. Caldeira, M.F. Candeias, S. Martins, M. Semedo & A. Karmali

    Tertiary bioreceptivity of Hontoria limestone: Assessment of secondary metabolites as natural biocides
    S. Sasso, A.Z. Miller, M.A. Rogerio-Candelera, L. Laiz, L. Scrano, S.A. Bufo & C. Saiz-Jimenez

    Microbes, science, art and conservation, who wins the game?
    K. Sterflinger, J. Ettenauer & G. Piñar

    Characterization of phototrophic biofilms deteriorating Indian stone monuments, their response to heat stress and development of a non-invasive remediation strategy
    L. Bruno, I. Ficorella, F. Valentini, L. Quici, N. Keshari & S.P. Adhikary

    The effect of calcium oxalates in the weathering steel surface
    J. Aramendia, L. Gómez-Nubla, K. Castro, J.M. Madariaga & L. Bellot-Gurlet

    Role of microorganisms in mural paintings decay
    T. Rosado, A. Candeias, A.T. Caldeira, J. Mirão & M. Gil

    Production of novel biocides for Cultural Heritage from Bacillus sp.
    M. Silva, A. Candeias, A.T. Caldeira, D.J. Teixeira & S. Silva

    Phototrophic microorganisms in the tourist cave of Nerja
    Y. del Rosal, M. Hernández-Mariné & M. Roldán

    Analytical and microbiological characterization of 20th century photographic negatives
    C. Coelho, C. Relvas, S. Costa, A.T. Caldeira & T. Ferreira

    Characterization of old paper samples exhibiting foxing
    C. Relvas, M. Nunes, M. Santos, P. Mourinha, A.T. Caldeira, T. Ferreira & F. Figueira

    Analysis of materials and biodeterioration study of a corn cane sculpture: Crucificado del Capítulo de Bornos (Cádiz)
    M. Sameño Puerto & L. Martín García

    Fluorescence in situ hybridisation for microbiological detection in mortars
    R. Vieira, P. Nunes, S. Martins, M. González, T. Rosado, A. Pereira, A. Candeias & A.T. Caldeira

    Laser Induced Fluorescence applied to diagnosis in calcareous stones
    R. Ortiz, P. Ortiz, M.A. Vázquez, J.M. Martín, F. Colao & R. Fantoni

    Swelling clays in stone materials of the built heritage of Córdoba (Spain)
    A. Lao-Peregrín, J. Espinosa-Gaitán & C. Rodríguez-Navarro

    Observatory of Cultural Heritage Conservation Research
    B. Ramírez Barat, T. Palomar, E. Cano & M. del Egido

    Two new species of bacteria isolated from white colonizations in Andalusian caves
    S. Gutierrez-Patricio, V. Jurado, L. Laiz & C. Saiz-Jimenez

    Application of THz-TDS imaging technology to the investigation of panel paintings
    M. Picollo & K. Fukunaga

    Panel painting by Cristobal de Morales analysed by non-destructive XRF technique
    A. Kriznar, M.A. Respaldiza, M.V. Muñoz & M. Vega

    The Mayan stucco masks from Edzná: Material characterization and analysis of the environmental influence on their deterioration
    Y. Espinosa-Morales, J. Reyes-Trujeque, D. Arano-Recio, R. Dominguez-Carrasco, J.L. Ruvalcaba-Sil, P. Quintana-Owen & E. Casanova-González

    Detection of starch and organic dyestuffs as painting materials in a series of 18th century paintings by Zacarías González Velázquez using a HPLC-DAD-QTOF system
    E. Parra & S. Marras

    Late middle age painting canvas of the Our Lady of Rosary: A study of its materials and techniques
    R. Maltieira, A. Calvo & J. Cunha

    Impact assessment of different cleaning methods for tarnished silver artefacts
    T. Palomar, B. Ramírez Barat, D. Lafuente, E. Cano, S. Díaz & E. García

    Detection of proteic binders in easel paintings using monoclonal antibodies
    C. Salvador, A. Candeias, A.T. Caldeira, A. Branco, A. Fialho, M.F. Candeias, M. Semedo, S. Martins & A. Karmali

    Study of the influence of black dyes in the physico-mechanical behaviour of silk fabrics. II. Influence of UV-light artificial aging
    E.M. Montesinos Ferrandis, S. Vicente Palomino, D.J. Yusá Marco & L. Fuster López

    Estimating the firing temperature of ancient pottery by combining TL and other usual techniques
    J. Sanjurjo-Sánchez & J.L. Montero Fenollós

    Archaeometric study of porcelains of the National Spanish Museum of Archaeology
    J.M. Rincon

    Weathering maps assisted by Digital Image Analysis and Autocad
    R. Ortiz, M.A. Vázquez, P. Ortiz, J.M. Martín & C. Escudero

    3D study of Cultural Heritage for conservation: Reliability of portable 3D laser scanner
    G. Durán-Domínguez, A.M. Felicísimo & M.E. Polo

    The representation of Cultural Heritage: Methodologies for digital characterization
    G. Durán-Domínguez, A.M. Felicísimo & P.J. Sánchez-Soto

    Building features and safeguard of church towers in Basilicata (Southern Italy)
    F.T. Gizzi, N. Masini, M. Sileo, C. Zotta, M. Scavone, M.R. Potenza, D. Liberatore, L. Sorrentino & M. Bruno

    Remote sensing for the study, protection and conservation of Cultural Heritage: The experience of ITACA Mission in Southern America (2007–2013)
    N. Masini & R. Lasaponara

    Artworks in high-risk context: Integrated and low cost approach to theft and dispersion protection
    M. Biscione, M. Danese, N. Masini, L. Fachechi, D. Bellusci & W. Lorenzetti

    Spatial analysis for archaeological predictive models: Preliminary results for the Roman Age in the Basilicata Region
    M. Danese, M. Biscione & N. Masini

    The “Sassi of Matera” site: Preliminary results from the investigation on the weathering forms through on-field surveys and spatial analysis
    F.T. Gizzi, M. Sileo, M. Biscione, M. Danese & M. Álvarez de Buergo

    Development and implementation of the MHS algorithm for the preventive conservation of heritage monuments
    M. Chiriac, D. Basulto-Risco & J.C. Prieto Vielba

    Comparative study of Roman counterfeit coins: A multi-technique approach
    J.M. Compaña Prieto, A. Reyes Carmona & E. Rodríguez Castellón

    Integrating non-destructive techniques with photogrammetry 3D models for the development of Geographic Information Systems in heritage structures
    M. Gomez-Heras, L. López-González, S. García-Morales, R. Fort & M. Álvarez de Buergo

    Project 3D-ICONS: The Iberian heritage at the European Digital Library
    A. Sánchez, F. Gómez, A.L. Martínez, A. Ruiz & M. Molinos

    The Antiqvarivm of Seville, new landmark of cultural heritage in Seville
    F. Amores

    Enhancement of the historical “Royal Quicksilver Way”
    E. Sanz-Rubio, S. Cuezva, A. Sanchez-Malo, A. Fernandez-Cortés, A. Hernández Sobrino, R. Parra Indiano, E. Soria Hernanz, M. Padilla, S. Mellado & T. Herrero

    Approaches to restoration project of monuments and historical sites in Southern Italy
    N. Masini, M. Scavone & A. Pagliuca

    The dialogue between stone and environment: Learning from practice
    D. Costa

    Public vs. private rehabilitation management strategies—the Almeida Manège and the Fronteira Palace
    J.N. Bastos

    The Cloister—a unique space
    J.N. Bastos

    New vulnerability approach for monument diagnosis
    R. Ortiz, P. Ortiz, J.M. Macías, J.M. Martín & M.A. Vázquez

    Sensing technologies for monitoring and conservation of Cultural Heritage: Wireless detection of decay factors
    M.I. Martinez-Garrido & R. Fort

    Author index


    Holder of a PhD in History (Prehistory and Archaeology) and an Extraordinary Doctorate Award from the University of Seville, the editor has been a professional archaeologist for several years and, since 1999, has worked for the Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Sevilla of the Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), investigating biodeterioration and non-invasive recording of Cultural Heritage, particularly rock art. He has conducted research on several painted tombs of Roman and Etruscan necropolises and at some Portuguese and Spanish rock art sites, including the Altamira Cave.