1st Edition

Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage

    From 2nd to 5th October 2012 an International Congress on Science and Technology for the conservation of Cultural Heritage was held in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, organized by the Universidade of Santiago de Compostela on behalf of TechnoHeritage Network. The congress was attended by some 160 participants from 10 countries, which presented a total of 145 contributions among plenary lectures, oral, and poster communications. The congress was dedicated to eight topics, namely (1) Environmental assessment and monitoring (pollution, climate change, natural events, etc.) of Cultural Heritage; (2) Agents and mechanisms of deterioration of Cultural Heritage (physical, chemical, biological), including deterioration of modern materials used in Contemporary Art and information storage; (3) Development of new instruments, non invasive technologies and innovative solutions for analysis, protection and conservation of Cultural Heritage; (4) New products and materials for conservation and maintenance of Cultural Heritage; (5) Preservation of industrial and rural heritage from the 19th and 20th centuries; (6) Security technologies, Remote sensing and Geographical Information Systems for protection and management of Cultural Heritage; (7) Significance and social value of Cultural Heritage; and (8) Policies for conservation of Cultural Heritage.

    This volume publishes a total of ninety-three contributions which reflect some of the most recent responses to the challenge of cultural assets conservation.

    Science and technology for the conservation of cultural heritage: A European view
    M. Lazzari, E. Cano & M.A. Rogerio-Candelera

    Environmental assessment and monitoring of cultural heritage
    P. Brimblecombe

    Environmental risks assessment and preventive conservation strategy for the Pórtico de la Gloria, Santiago de Compostela Cathedral
    F. Becherini, A. Bernardi, A. Vivarelli, L. Pockelé, S. de Grandi, A. Gandini, O. García, M. Zubiaga, J.C. Espada Suárez & B. Sperandio

    Basic descriptive statistical methods for monitoring and evaluation of microclimates in Cultural Heritage
    P. Merello, M.C. Pérez, J. Pérez-Miralles, F.J. García-Diego, A. Fernández-Navajas & M. Zarzo

    Evaluation of environmental conditions of the Museo del Ejército (Toledo, Spain) by means of Sol-Gel optical sensors
    A. Llorente-Alonso, J. Peña-Poza, J.F. Domínguez, C. Gil, M. García-Heras & M.A. Villegas

    Microclimatic assessment and modelling for salt crystallization control in the Crypt of the Duomo of Lecce (South Italy)
    D. D’Agostino, P. Congedo & R. Cataldo

    Microclimatic studies in Paranhos water galleries, Porto (Portugal)
    E. Sanz-Rubio, A. Sanchez-Malo, A. Fernandez-Cortes, E. García-Antón, S. Sanchez-Moral, S. Cuezva, A.Z. Miller, A. Dionísio, M.J. Afonso, H.I. Chaminé, B. Hermosin & C. Saiz-Jimenez

    Bio-susceptibility of thermal insulation systems used for historical buildings
    J.D. Ettenauer, G. Piñar, K. Sterflinger & P. Kautsch

    Biological crusts contribute to the protection of Neolithic Heritage in the Mediterranean region
    E. Llop, I. Álvaro, A. Gómez-Bolea, M. Hernández Mariné & S. Sammut

    The influence of substrate texture on early biological colonization
    C. Adamson, P. Warke & S. McCabe

    A methodological approach to evaluate shelter effectiveness for the conservation of archaeological sites
    C. Cabello Briones

    Risks of atmospheric aerosol for cultural heritage assets in Granada (Spain)
    C. Cardell, M. Urosevic, E. Sebastián-Pardo, B. Horemans, V. Kontozova-Deutsch, S. Potgieter-Vermaak, L. Bencs, K.W. Anaf, K. de Wael & R. Van-Grieken

    Microclimatic and Ground-Penetrating Radar surveys for damage diagnosis. The case of the Crypt of the Duomo of Lecce (Italy)
    R. Cataldo, D. D’Agostino & G. Leucci

    Entry and dispersion of microorganisms inside Altamira Cave: New evidences from aerobiological and atmospheric gases surveys
    E. García-Antón, A. Fernandez-Cortes, M. Alvarez-Gallego, S. Sanchez-Moral, S. Cuezva, E. Sanz-Rubio, V. Jurado, E. Porca & C. Saiz-Jimenez

    Canonical Biplot as tool to detect microclimates in the inner and outer parts of Salamanca Cathedrals
    J. García-Talegón, A.C. Iñigo & S. Vicente-Tavera

    Polar compounds in diesel soot and historic monument surfaces
    B. Hermosin & C. Saiz-Jimenez

    The Seville Cathedral altarpiece: A microbiological and chemical survey of the dust
    P.M. Martin-Sanchez, B. Hermosin, C. Saiz-Jimenez, A.Z. Miller & M.F.C. Pereira

    Decay assessment through wireless sensor networks implementation for architectural heritage conservation
    M.I. Martínez-Garrido, S. Aparicio, R. Fort, M.A.G. Izquierdo & J.J. Anaya

    Vivianite: A historic blue pigment and its degradation under scrutiny
    Z. Cermáková, S. Švarcová, D. Hradil, P. Bauerová, J. Hradilová & P. Bezdicka

    Stabilization works at Olvés Church (Zaragoza-Spain)
    P.R. Monteverde, R. Bustamante & J. Monjo

    Detrimental rock black fungi and biocides: A study on the Monumental Cemetery of Cagliari
    D. Isola, L. Selbmann, P. Meloni, E. Maracci, S. Onofri & L. Zucconi

    Microbiological and molecular investigation in the Capuchin Catacombs of Palermo, Italy: Microbial deterioration risk and contamination of the indoor air
    G. Piñar, J.D. Ettenauer, K. Sterflinger, D. Piombino-Mascali, F. Maixner, A. Zink, L. Krakova & D. Pangallo

    Physical and aesthetical decay of built heritage from biological films developed on joint mortars
    E.M. Perez-Monserrat, R. Fort, M.J. Varas-Muriel, M. Alvarez de Buergo, A. de los Ríos & C. Ascaso

    Indoor pollution and metal corrosion by organic acids: Case study of the Oteiza Museum (Spain)
    D. Lafuente, E. Cano & E. Martín

    The degradation of cellulose acetate: Advanced analytical tools for non-destructive study of design objects
    F. Toja, L. Toniolo, A. Nevin, D. Comelli & M. Lazzari

    Characterization of decay products and building materials on the ancient wall of Vitoria-Gasteiz using micro analytical instrumental techniques
    K. Castro, I. Rodilla, J.M. Madariaga & A. Azkarate

    Alterations of materials at the façades of the church of San Pedro de Mezonzo (A Coruña, NW Spain)
    C. Alves & J. Sanjurjo-Sánchez

    Decay of building materials in the Circular Mausoleum, Necropolis of Carmona, Spain
    D. Benavente, S. Cuezva, J.C. Cañaveras, J. Elez, V. Jurado, A.Z. Miller, M.A. Rogerio-Candelera, C. Saiz-Jimenez, M. Hernández Mariné, A. Fernandez-Cortes & S. Sanchez-Moral

    The erosion of granite surfaces: The Cathedral of Évora as example
    D. Costa

    Study of the long term stability of an industrial polyamide from a contemporary artwork
    J.A. Fafian Labora, M. Lazzari & T. López Morán

    Study of the corrosion products of the lead blocks from the historical organ Jean Pierre Cavaillé of Vinça, France
    A. Justo-Estebaranz, L.K. Herrera, B. Sigüenza, M.C. Jiménez de Haro, A. Justo & O. Laguna

    Causes of decay of Eduardo Chillida’s Monument to Tolerance in Seville (Spain)
    C. Núñez Guerrero, V. Flores-Alés, F.J. Alejandre & J.J. Martín-del-Río

    Analysis of heat effects due to fires on calcareous stones
    R. Ortiz, P. Ortiz, J.M. Martín, C. Escudero & M.A. Vázquez

    Degradation of plastic artifacts: Case study of a “drafting machine” made of different cellulosic plastics
    J.M. de la Roja, M. San Andrés-Moya, S.G. Fernández-Villa, S. Santos, L. Magallanes & E. Cano

    Evaluation of mural paintings biodeterioration by oxalate formation
    T. Rosado, A. Candeias, A.T. Caldeira, J. Mirão & M. Gil

    Study of the influence of black dyes in the physico-mechanical behaviour of silk fabrics
    E.M. Montesinos Ferrandis, S. Vicente Palomino, L. Fuster López & D.J. Yusá Marco

    VARIM 2.0: Non invasive NIR hyperspectral imaging for analysis of cultural beings
    C. Vega, J. Torres, J.M. Menéndez, T. Antelo, M. del Egido & M. Bueso

    Non-invasive recording technologies for the study and conservation of prehistoric rock art: The Dolmen of Dombate
    N. Cortón Noya, F. Carrera Ramírez, P. Mañana-Borrazás & Y. Seoane-Veiga

    Modern methods of documentation for conservation—digital mapping and automated 3D object documentation in software metigo®
    G. Siedler & S. Vetter

    Innovative testing solutions for safeguarding architectural heritage
    M. Drdácký

    Assessment of laser treatment on dolostones colonized by microorganisms and lichens
    M. Alvarez de Buergo, M. Gomez-Heras, R. Fort, C. Ascaso, A. de los Ríos, S. Pérez Ortega, M. Speranza, J. Wierzchos, M. Sanz, M. Oujja & M. Castillejo

    Effect of wavelength and pulse duration on laser cleaning of paints
    M. Oujja, M. Sanz, M. Castillejo, P. Pouli, C. Fotakis, A. García, C. Romero, J.R. Vázquez de Aldana, P. Moreno & C. Domingo

    Pigments and painting preparations of Gonzalo Bilbao analysed by non-destructive XRF technique
    A. Kriznar, M.A. Respaldiza, M.V. Muñoz & M. Vega

    A novel approach for micro FTIR reflection absorption analysis of artworks’ surface
    P. Ropret, L. Legan, F. Rosi & C. Miliani

    Methodology for the study of the walls of the Patio de Santo Tomás, University of Alcalá
    G. Barluenga, R. Undurraga, L. Ramón-Laca & F. Estirado

    The altarpiece of the church of Freixo de Espada-à-Cinta: A study on its artistic materiality
    B. Campos Maia, A. Calvo, A. Candeias, J.C. Frade, J. Mirão & L. Dias

    Optically Stimulated Luminescence dating of Roman mortars in Braga (Portugal)
    J. Sanjurjo-Sánchez, C. Alves & G. Teruel

    Analytical studies of 19th century photographs by non-destructive techniques
    M. Peres, F.M. Costa, A. Gomes, M.E. Jardim, T. Ferreira, L. Dias, J. Mirão & M.L. Carvalho

    Rheological analysis of some historical and commercial binders labelled as thixotropic in oil painting references
    M.P. Aguilar, M.J. Hernández Lucas & M. Dolz Planas

    Bricks and mortars from the “Patio de Santo Tomás”, Alcalá University (Madrid, Spain): A combined study of fabric characterization and building morphology
    G. Barluenga, R. Undurraga, F. Estirado, J.F. Conde, F. Agua, M.A. Villegas & M. García-Heras

    Study of alterations on Roman masonry in the Tower of Hercules
    R. Benavides García

    The application of non invasive geophysical techniques for the diagnosis and conservation of stone cultural heritage: The case of a Portuguese fifteenth century tomb
    A. Dionísio, E. Martinho, F. Almeida, C. Grangeia, M. Mendes, R. Moura & J. Caldas

    Conservation of historic book bindings by means of facsimile reproduction: The Torres Notarial Register (1382–1400) in the Archive of the Royal Chancellery of Granada, Spain
    T. Espejo Arias, M.R. Blanc, A. López-Montes, F.J. Collado-Montero, M.E. Castillo-Valdivia & D. Campillo-García

    Hybrid sol-gel based protective coatings for historical window glasses
    L. de Ferri, P.P. Lottici, A. Lorenzi, A. Montenero & G. Vezzalini

    Mineralogical and textural considerations in the assessment of aesthetic changes in dolostones by effect of treatments with Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles
    L.S. Gomez-Villalba, P. López-Arce, M. Alvarez de Buergo, A. Zornoza-Indart & R. Fort

    The Arabic Manuscripts Collection of the School of Arabic Studies-CSIC, Granada: Characterisation of decorative covers using new resources for their documentation
    S. González-García, T. Espejo Arias & D. Campillo-García

    Low-cost airborne ultrasounds scan for Cultural Heritage
    P. Merello, M.C. Pérez, J. Pérez-Miralles, F.J. García-Diego, J.M. Bravo, A. Fernández-Navajas & H. Estrada

    Molecular approach for the characterization of ancient/degraded Cyperus sp. specimens
    F. Palla, N. Billeci, R.E. Spallino & F.M. Raimondo

    Roman glasses from Augusta Emerita: Study of degradation pathologies using LIBS
    T. Palomar, M. Oujja, M. Castillejo, R. Sabio, J.M. Rincón, M. García-Heras & M.A. Villegas

    Evaluation of the reinforcing action of consolidating treatments applied on cement mortars using the micro-sandblasting technique
    S. Rescic, F. Fratini & P. Tiano

    Cachão da Rapa prehistoric rock art paintings revisited: Digital image analysis approach for the assessment of Santos Júnior’s tracings
    M.A. Rogerio-Candelera, S.S. Figueiredo & A.F. Borges

    Benefits of applying spectrometric techniques and chemometric methods to identify interaction between historic painting materials
    J. Romero-Pastor, N. Navas, E. Manzano, L. Rodríguez-Simón, A. Rodríguez-Navarro & C. Cardell

    Study of degree of alteration of enamels using Micro-ATR-FTIR and SEM-EDS
    J. Romero-Pastor, M. Ortega-Huertas, M. del Egido, J.V. Navarro & M.A. García

    Non-chemical methods to control pests in museums: An overview
    P. Querner & A-K. Kjerulff

    Novel proteases from marine organisms with potential interest in restoration procedure
    F. Palla, M. Cammarata, M. Trapani, G. Ghersi, M. Salamone & M. Sebastianelli

    Nanostructured materials for stone consolidation in the Temple Valley of Agrigento: In situ evaluation of their effectiveness
    V. Piazza, F. Fernandez, P. Livreri, M. Brai, D. Fontana & A. Gueli

    Thermodynamic modeling of sulfate-resistant cements with addition of barium compounds
    P.M. Carmona-Quiroga, M.T. Blanco-Varela, S. Martínez-Ramírez & B. Lothenbach

    Semi-interpenetrating p(HEMA)/PVP hydrogels for the cleaning of water-sensitive painted artifacts: Assessment on release and retention properties
    R. Giorgi, J.A.L. Domingues, N. Bonelli & P. Baglioni

    Application of new organic-inorganic materials as consolidants for deteriorated plasters
    A. Formia, M. Zerbinatti, J.M. Tulliani, C. Serra & M. Sangermano

    Consolidation treatments for conservation of concrete sculptures
    A.M. Barberena-Fernández, M. San Andrés-Moya, P.M. Carmona-Quiroga & M.T. Blanco-Varela

    Thaumasite formation in hydraulic mortars: Thermodynamic studies
    S. Martínez-Ramírez, J. Rapazote & M.T. Blanco-Varela

    Permanent anti-graffiti for artificial construction materials: Lime mortar and brick
    P.M. Carmona-Quiroga, M.T. Blanco-Varela & S. Martínez-Ramírez

    Nanostructured products for the conservation of the wooden supports: Evaluation of their effectiveness and durability
    M.R. Carotenuto, F. Fernandez, P. Livreri, M. Marrale, D. Fontana, M. Brai & A. Gueli

    Design of new gypsum-lime based mortars applied on the restoration of Mudejar heritage from Aragon (Spain)
    J. Igea, P. Lapuente, M.T. Blanco-Varela & S. Martínez-Ramírez

    Old materials, new solutions
    A. Macarrón, A. Calvo & R. Gil

    Application of the double layer system as preventive method in the moulding process of sculptures and ornaments
    X. Mas-Barberà, S. Kröner, M. Martínez-Bazán, J. Orozco-Mesana & J.V. Grafiá-Sales

    Effectiveness of a new nanostructured consolidant on the biocalcarenite from Agrigento Temples Valley
    C. Mirabelli, F. Fernandez, P. Livreri, F. Elhaddad & M.J. Mosquera

    Technical studies for the restoration of the Immaculate Conception monument, Seville
    R. Villegas Sánchez, C. Núñez Guerrero, F.J. Alejandre Sánchez & F.J. Blasco López

    Materials made from polyolefins used in tasks of preventive conservation: A comparative study of their long-term behavior
    M. San Andrés-Moya, R. Chércoles, S. Santos, J.M. de la Roja, C. Domínguez & M. Gómez

    Critical and technical aspects for safeguarding, enhancing and the recovery of local architectural heritage: An emblematic example of rural buildings between Ossola (Italy) and Ticino (Switzerland)
    M. Zerbinatti & S. Fasana

    The protection of the baserri as a system for organising rural landscapes in the context of the urban sprawl processes: The “SLaM” model versus the Utopia of “smart cities”
    A. de la Fuente, U. Gaztelu, V. Benedet & A. Azkarate

    A petrological approach to the study of grinding mortars from the Roman gold mines of “Pino del Oro” (Zamora, Spain)
    C. Vázquez-Calvo, R. Fort, D. Romero, A. Beltrán & F.J. Sánchez-Palencia

    Origin and evolution of the agricultural landscape in Santiago de Compostela from the properties of a polycyclic terraced soil
    C. Ferro-Vázquez, P. Ballesteros Arias, J.C. Nóvoa-Muñoz, S. González-Prieto & A. Martínez-Cortizas

    Possibilities of LASER conservation of metal objects from archaeological context
    J. Barrio, M.C. Medina, J.P. Cid, A.I. Pardo & M. Turégano

    Geomatics applied to the monitoring of the damage and stability of the heritage
    A. Rodríguez Miranda & J.M. Valle Melón

    Contribution of GIS and spatial analysis tools in the characterization of surface damage to paintings
    A. Fuentes

    Predictive model for the useful lifetime of a set of buildings of the Archdiocese of Seville
    J.M. Macías & M.J. Chavez

    Risk analysis in Historical cities: The cases of Carmona and Estepa (Seville, Spain)
    R. Ortiz, P. Ortiz, J.M. Martín & A. Domínguez

    The MHS system as an active tool for the preventive conservation of Cultural Heritage
    M. Chiriac, D. Basulto, E. López, J.C. Prieto, J. Castillo & A. Collado

    Significance and social value of Cultural Heritage: Analyzing the fractures of Heritage
    C. Sánchez-Carretero

    CSI: Sittingbourne: Conservation science investigations in a town center shopping mall
    D. Goodburn-Brown & V. Price

    Neomudéjar Architecture in Seville: Urban and social background, interventions in the Patio House (1880–1930)
    M.R. Chaza

    Iron Age goldwork as Cultural Heritage: Building strategies for its research, conservation and social valuation in NW Spain
    X.-L. Armada, O. García-Vuelta, A. Perea & Y. Porto

    Las Médulas: The social appraisal of a cultural landscape
    S. García Basanta & J. Martínez Quintana

    Documenting the architectonic heritage: The best way of preserving it
    D. Pereira, J.M. Baltuille & B.J. Cooper

    Quantitative research underpins heritage management: Preserving ferrous metals
    D. Watkinson & M. Rimmer

    New protocols for built heritage protection in the Basque Country: Towards an automatic analysis tool for built heritage
    N. Oses & A. Azkarate

    Review of restoration interventions: Effects on the Roman archaeological site of Merida (Spain)
    N. Perez Ema, R. Bustamante & M. Alvarez de Buergo

    Author index


    Holder of a PhD in History (Prehistory and Archaeology) and an Extraordinary Doctorate Award from the University of Seville, Miguel Angel Rogerio-Candelera has been a professional archaeologist for several years and, since 1999, has worked for the Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Sevilla of the Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), investigating biodeterioration and non-invasive recording of Cultural Heritage, particularly rock art. He has conducted research on several painted tombs of Roman and Etruscan necropolises and at some Portuguese and Spanish rock art sites, including the Altamira Cave.