The growing body of research on interdisciplinarity has encouraged a more in depth analysis of the relations that hold among academic disciplines. In particular, the incursion of one scientific discipline into another discipline’s traditional domain, also known as scientific imperialism, has been a matter of increasing debate.
Following this trend, Scientific Imperialism aims to bring together philosophers of science and historians of science interested in the topic of scientific imperialism and, in particular, interested in the conceptual clarification, empirical identification, and normative assessment of the idea of scientific imperialism. Thus, this innovative volume has two main goals. Indeed, the authors first seek to understand interdisciplinary relations emerging from the incursion of one scientific discipline into one or more other disciplines, such as in cases in which the conventions and procedures of one discipline or field are imposed on other fields; or more weakly when a scientific discipline seeks to explain phenomena that are traditionally considered proper of another discipline’s domain. Secondly, the authors explore ways of distinguishing imperialistic from non-imperialistic interactions between disciplines and research fields.
The first sustained study of scientific imperialism, this volume will appeal to postgraduate students and postdoctoral researchers interested in fields such as Science and Technology Studies, Sociology of Science & Technology, Philosophy of Science, and History of Science.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Core Issues on Scientific Imperialism. Uskali Mäki, Adrian Walsh, and Manuela Fernández Pinto
Part I. A Philosophical Framing for Scientific Imperialism
1. Scientific Imperialism, Folk Morality and the Proper Boundaries of Disciplines. Adrian Walsh and Sandy Boucher
2. Disciplinary Emotions in Interdisciplinary Interaction. Mikko Salmela and Uskali Mäki
3. Scientific Imperialism and Epistemic Injustice. Kristina Rolin
4. Ethical Implications of Scientific Imperialism: Two Examples from Economics. Patricia Marino
Part II. Historical Origins of Scientific Imperialism
5. Scientific Imperialism or Merely Boundary Crossing? Economists, Lawyers, and the Coase Theorem at the Dawn of the Economic Analysis of Law. Steven Medema
6. Rational Choice as Neo-Decisionism: Decision-Making in Political Science and Economics after 1945. Nicolas Guilhot and Alain Marciano
7. Economics Imperialism Reconsidered. Sonja Amadae
8. Crossing Boundaries, Displacing Previous Knowledge and Claiming Superiority: Is The Economics of Discrimination a Conquest of Economics Imperialism? Cléo Chassonnery-Zaïgouche
Part III. Scientific Imperialism in the Making: Case Analyses
9. Scientific Subordination, Molecular Biology and Systems Biology. Miles MacLeod
10. Against Neuroscience Imperialism. Roberto Fumagalli
11. Scientific Imperialism and Explanatory Appeals to Evolution in the Social Sciences. Steve Downes
12. Logical Form, the First Person, and Naturalism about Psychology: The Case against Physicalist Imperialism. Frederique Janssen-Lauret
13. Is the Behavioral Approach a Form of Scientific Imperialism? An Analysis of Law and Policy. Magdalena Małecka and Robert Lepenies
14. Imperializing Epistemology: Shortcomings of the Natura
Uskali Mäki is an Academy Professor at the University of Helsinki, Finland and Director of the Academy of Finland Centre of Excellence in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences
Adrian Walsh is Professor of Philosophy at the University of New England, Australia
Manuela Fernández Pinto is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Universidad de los Andes, Colombia
I recommend this book to historians and philosophers who are interested in scientific imperialism, but also to those studying interdisciplinarity, philosophy of economics, and epistemic injustice. Scholars of naturalized epistemology and philosophers of mind might also have use for some contributions, especially those of Ferna´ndez Pinto and Janssen-Lauret. Scientists who want to conduct good interdisciplinary research can obtain some informative guidance from both the philosophical and historical contributions.
William Peden, Metascience, Springer Nature 2018