Scientists' Impact on Decision-making : A Case Study of the China Hi-Tech Research and Development Program book cover
1st Edition

Scientists' Impact on Decision-making
A Case Study of the China Hi-Tech Research and Development Program


Peng Ru

ISBN 9781138900165
Published December 13, 2016 by Routledge
242 Pages - 19 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

With the increasing influence of science and technology (S&T) on socioeconomic life and public affairs, there has been a growing demand for S&T expertise in today's public decision-making.

The National High Technology Research and Development Program (863 Program), involving hundreds of S&T experts, marked the beginning of a new journey for China's high-tech development. This book discusses China's S&T decision-making mechanism, with the 863 Program as the central case and scientist' influence on public decision-making as the focus. More importantly, it extracts three key elements to analyze the determinative factors behind that influence  knowledge, value and institutions, and proposed a KIV framework of macro-analysis.

The KIV, being the first framework to generalize factors that could affect scientists' influence on public decision-making, is of both theoretical significance and innovative value. In addition, by finding out those factors, this book attempts to create a decision-making environment conducive to scientists' contribution of their knowledge.

Table of Contents

List of figures.  List of tables. Preface.  Acknowledgements.  Chapter1 Introduction  Chapter 2 Literature Review  Chapter 3 KIV Framework for Analyzing Scientists' Decision-making Influence  Chapter 4  Mechanism and Participants of the Decision-making of the 863 Program  Chapter 5  Empirical Testing of KIV Framework: Based on 863 Program Cases  Chapter 6  Theoretical Analysis of KIV Framework: Causes for Changing Influence and Optimization of Decision-making  Chapter 7  Conclusion  Postscript.  Appendix A  Interview Outline (template).  Appendix B List of Interviewees.  Appendix C Framework of Civilian 863 Program Fields (1986-2014).  Bibliography.  Index

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"Ru’s book
provides a crucial revelation regarding the importance and influence of scientists on policies,
and reminds us that studies on the Chinese decision-making processes should not
merely be restricted to focusing on the state, lobby groups, and civil society groups."

Ban Wang, Stanford University, USA